Makin banyak isteri, anak jadi korban keganasan seks di rumah
KUALA LUMPUR, 9 Jul — Kes keganasan rumah tangga yang dirujuk ke Jabatan Kecemasan dan Trauma Hospital Kuala Lumpur meningkat setiap bulan iaitu sebanyak 30 peratus atau kira-kira 150 kes.
Ketua jabatan itu Prof Datuk Seri Dr Abu Hassan Asaari Abdullah berkata kes-kes berkenaan dirujuk ke pusat khidmat bersepadu jabatan itu bagi tujuan pemeriksaan dan rawatan.
“Setiap hari ada kes. Jika dibandingkan dahulu hanya ada 10 hingga 20 kes sahaja. Kebanyakan kes yang dilaporkan adalah kes rogol, penderaan terhadap kanak-kanak, cabul dan liwat.
Kebanyakan kes keganasan rumah tangga melibatkan kejadian rogol, penderaan terhadap kanak-kanak, cabul dan liwat, kata pakar Hospital Kuala Lumpur. — Foto AFP
“Mangsa akan dibawa ke pusat khidmat bersepadu untuk rawatan lanjut,” katanya kepada Bernama.
Beliau berkata antara punca yang menyebabkan kes berkenaan meningkat adalah kerana masalah ekonomi dalam institusi keluarga, tekanan psikologi yang dialami pasangan suami isteri serta mekanisme menjalankan tanggungjawab dalam keluarga seperti penjagaan anak kecil.
Dr Abu Hassan berkata masalah pengaruh alkohol dan dadah juga menjadi faktor utama menyebabkan wanita dan kanak-kanak menjadi mangsa keganasaan dan penderaan.
“Seperti kes rogol, antara faktor menyebabkan kes itu berlaku adalah sikap lelaki terhadap wanita; pengaruh pornografi, alkohol dan dadah, pergaulan bebas dan tanpa batasan, keruntuhan akhlak serta kurang pegangan agama,” katanya.
Beliau berkata pusat khidmat bersepadu yang diwujudkan pada 1994 di bawah jabatan itu berperanan untuk memberi rawatan dan khidmat psikologi kepada mangsa dengan kaedah rawatan yang holistik.
“Kita amat menjaga kepentingan mangsa dari segi psikologi dan juga maruah pesakit dan tidak mendedahkan kepada umum lokasi rawatan dijalankan di jabatan itu bagi melindungi pesakit,” katanya.
Menurutnya, pusat berkenaan turut menyediakan kaedah rawatan yang holistik dan memberikan kerjasama dengan pelbagai pihak antaranya Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat, pihak polis serta unit forensik. — Bernama
Sexual harassment: You could be next — Vasugi Kana The Malaymail Online Opinion What You Think Saturday July 9, 2016
01:03 PM GMT+8
JULY 9 — If you are a Malaysian woman, be aware. In the next 3 hours and 50 minutes, you might be pulled unwillingly into disgustful sexual intercourse; or suffice to say, rape. On a daily average basis, 6.3 women have been raped per day in 2014. This was reported in the 2014 Home Ministry’s Annual Report, a total of 2,286 rape complaints were lodged in 2014.
Not bad, one might exclaim. As shown in the United Nations Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics, in 2013, for every 4.6 minutes, one woman is raped in the United States (purportedly the “best country” of the world). The same source shows us that Sweden, in 2013, has the highest proportion of rape cases per 100,000 population; at approximately 58.5 cases.
Malaysia, on the other hand, showed the tendency of only 9.09 cases per 100,000 population (or a total of 2,718 cases in 2013). On a relative comparison basis, Malaysia is actually doing great. Fewer girls and women are raped compared with other countries.
No! Low prevalence of rape is not something to be happy about. For even one female member within society to experience her dignity taken away with coercion, it is the failure of us, as a community.
The aforementioned statistics for Malaysia do not include the “dark figures”, or rather, the unreported cases. In fact, for the category of rape, the dark figures overwhelmingly exceed the officially lodged complaints to the Royal Malaysian Police.
According to the Penang Women Development Corporation (PWDC), only two out 10 rape cases are being reported. The rest go undetected, due to fear, societal taboo and embarrassment. If one considers both reported (average of 3, 000 cases annually) and unreported cases of rape, statistically, it can be said that a woman is being raped every 35 minutes in Malaysia!
Rape is only one form of sexual harassment; yet the most serious one. An individual can be sexually harassed anywhere; in workplace, school, places of entertainment, etcetera. In fact, in a world where sexual predators roam rather invisibly, one could be harassed sexually by anyone, including by the closest family members. Most importantly, sexual harassment is not exclusive to women alone. Men and innocent children may also fall prey to the lustful predators.
Sexual harassments in most circumstances happen due to the ability of the abuser to dominate the victim, either through physical force or other forms of coercion such as by using money or when a higher-ranked officer tries to sexually harass a subordinate.
What is actually sexual harassment? It is a form of discrimination based on sex. On the literal meaning, it would mean that it is any unwanted or unwelcomed sexual behaviour, which makes a person feel offended, humiliated or intimidated (Australian Human Rights Commission).
In fact, many of us may have committed acts of sexual harassments, rather unknowingly. Referring to an adult as a girl, hunk, doll, babe, or honey (at the person’s displeasure) or whistling at someone can be construed as sexual harassment.
Although men have always been seen as physically stronger than women, it is untrue that men cannot be at the receiving end of sexual harassment. Physically weak men can be overpowered by stronger women and coerced into non-consensual sex. They can also be compelled to provide “sexual favours” or blackmailed of being retrenched.
Most importantly, a man can also be sexually harassed by another male, sodomised without his consent. This also applies to the women. Their abuser may not necessarily be a man.
On top of all these, it is shocking to note that in 2013, 2,111 or 78 per cent of total rape cases reported involve minors. While rape involving minors may at times be consensual, the extremely high percentage vis-à-vis the overall reported rape cases, is indeed horrifying.
Children who are abused or involved in sexual activities since early age, may experience trouble in their adult lives. They too, might in turn, be sexual abusers.
The fact that Malaysia ranks third in Asean for possession and distribution of child pornography has only amplified the apprehension.
Harassing someone sexually could be very serious as it carries strong impacts and some are just irreversible. The effects would possibly be poor job performance, low self-esteem, fear to face society, mental and physical distress, problems in relationships, health problems and suicide attempts, at some worst circumstances.
Are we on the right track?
The trend of reported rape cases has shown drastic decline in the period of 2009-2014. Such cases have declined by 40 per cent, similar to the quantum of decline in overall crime rate in the same timeframe. Significant improvement, indeed.
While there is still room for improvement, the fight against rape and sexual harassment is not the duty of the police alone. It is the duty of all the agents of socialisation such as society, schools, religious scholars etcetera.
Thomson Reuters Foundation did a survey on 16 major cities on safety of public transport systems in which Kuala Lumpur was also included. KL was ranked 7 out of the 16 cities. When women in Malaysia were asked whether they have experienced any form of harassment while using public transport, their cumulative answers were closer to “most safe”, indicating that they faced low experiences of sexual harassment.
But their responses differed significantly when asked on how confident are they that public authorities would investigate the reports on sexual harassment and how confident are they that other people would come to their assistance if they were abused on public transport.
The public’s answer to both questions bring us back to the question “are we on the right track?”.
The respondents were not confident that the authorities would even investigate sexual harassment complaints. More shockingly, the respondents have little faith that others will come to their rescue in the event of any harassment on public transport. This is the sickening reality that we are currently having. The thought of running away from it would not be a good idea but instead, we should be prepared to face it all.
The most effective, long-term solution to permanently end sexual harassment is through society’s paradigm shift, in parallel with other plausible measures.
Sexual harassment happens partly due to the tendency to justify the disgustful act and due to victim-blaming. The lack of respect for one’s personal rights causes sexual violence to occur.
In many rape cases, some members of society tend to justify the crime by blaming the victims for their clothing and for not taking adequate preventive measures.
If a lady is molested by a male colleague, some even have the “audacity” to shift the blame onto the victim, by saying that such molestation would not have occurred, had the victim limited her conversation with the males. What we fail to see is that sexual harassment should never be justified and the blame should only rest on the side of the perpetrator.
Ridiculous statements made in the media and in the public domain that tend to justify rape and sexual harassment, only aggravate the situation. What more if such statements are made by religious and political leaders?
In the past, the late Nik Aziz Nik Mat, former Mursyidul Am of PAS, mentioned in his speech that women who wear “revealing and provocative” dresses should be blamed for incidents of rape. One other example is the controversial columnist Ridhuan Tee Abdullah. He claimed that a woman’s body is arousing and thus, it invites sex. Hence, he said, women should dress up moderately.
Such perceptions are perplexing, to exist in supposedly progressive Malaysia. However, such backward mentality is not confined to developing countries like Malaysia but is also prevalent in developed nations.
A survey by VicHealth made available in 2014, showed that one in five Australians or approximately 20 per cent, believe that a woman is partly responsible for rape if she is drunk. In the United Kingdom, findings by the Office for National Statistics showed that more than 25 per cent of the respondents believe that the victims should be partly responsible in the event of any rape, if they are drunk. More than 33 per cent believe that you should be blamed for rape, if you have “flirted heavily”, prior to the rape.
This is what we call “blame-shifting”, which indirectly gives support to the cruel sexual violence perpetrators. What we need to learn and to preach aloud is, to lower our gaze and control our temptations. Respect the rights of others, instead of expecting the women to limit and control their way of life.
Legally speaking, the act of harassing someone sexually does really violate the law. Offences for sexual violence are generally charged under Sexual Offences Act 1956. We need a clear commitment in order to bring an end to sexual harassment.
Stop putting the entire blame on the authorities for their responsibility to protect the public from such violence. It is not only their responsibility, but also the obligation of members of society.
To eliminate sexual harassment, there is need for intense and long-term awareness campaigns, disciplinary action, improved public policies, proper regulation of law, victim-protection etcetera. Take a pledge and make a personal commitment to eradicate sexual harassment in every possible way. It is a promise to be a part of the solution. Show everyone that you stand up against sexual harassment.