December 19th, 2011

The laptop was too bulky for those on the go

The first mass market consumer laptop was released by Toshiba in 1985. The Toshiba T1100 model, however, was not the first ever laptop. That, according to industry sources, was the 22.2kg Xerox NoteTaker which was developed in 1976.

It had what was then considered to be advanced technology - a built-in monochrome display monitor and a floppy disk drive. The Xerox NoteTaker was emulated by other laptop models that followed soon after.

Although intended to enable people to work on the go, many of the early models were cumbersome. Bulky, heavy in weight and costly, these computers marketed as laptops or notebooks, were largely used by the business community. Chandra Devi Renganayar takes a look at how laptops have evolved in shape, size and functionality.

                                                

The 1976 Model

1976 - the Xerox NoteTaker weighing 22.2kg was developed. However, it did not enter production. Only 10 prototypes of the computer were built.


The 1985 Model

1985 - The Toshiba T1100 model weighing 4.1 kgs had 256KB of RAM. Supported by Intel Processor and a floppy drive, it became the first mass market consumer laptop. Two years later, the company introduced smaller and lighter models, the T1000 and T1200 which were easily carried in a backpack.

1986 - The IBM PC Division released its first commercial laptop computer, the PC Convertible. The model weighing about 5.5kg had a CGA-compatible LCD display and two floppy drives. The PC Convertible's clamshell design was followed by other portable computer manufacturers.

1988 - The Compaq SLT/286 was the first battery-powered laptop to have a built-in hard disk drive and a VGA compatible LCD screen. By the end of the 1980s, the laptop computers were popular among businessmen.

1989 - Apple Computer designed its first on the go model, the Macintosh Portable. The battery-powered model, however, was considered more of a "luggable" than a laptop. In 1991, the company released the Powerbook series which introduced features that became a norm on laptops. These included the palm rest and trackball.

1994 - IBM introduced the IBM ThinkPad 775CD, the first notebook with an integrated CD-ROM.

1995 - With the introduction of Microsoft Windows 95, notebook computing become more advanced. During this period the usefulness and popularity of laptops also increased. Portable computers had built-in CD-ROMs and ran on Intel Pentium processors. One of the popular model was the Gateway Solo.

1997 - Laptops begin to show improved connectivity features with internal modems and standard serial, parallel and PS/2 ports, making it easier to work on the go. Later, laptops with network adapters, USB and Wi-Fi support came into the market. The HP Jornada 820 Palmtop PC introduced in 1998 was among those models that had advanced communication features such as the ability to send and receive fax, a voice-recorder feature and e-mail. It offered 10 hours of battery life, wide screen, touch-typeable keyboard, touch pad and graphical web browsing.

2002 - Laptops with Intel's Pentium 4 chip came into the market. The laptops supported more power, speed and memory. Big screens, stereo sound systems and DVD-RW drives were common. For security, notebooks with biometric capability were introduced. Beginning 2004, slimmer ultraportable laptops and more advanced multimedia notebooks emerged. These included the Dell Inspiron, Sony Vaio, HP Pavillion, Lenovo/IBM ThinkPad and Toshiba Qosmio range of laptops.

2007 - The netbook trend began with the introduction of Asus' Eee PC 701. Low cost, small sized, lightweight and versatile, the netbooks became a hit with consumers. Other brands such Acer, Dell, Sony and HP followed suit with netbooks built on the low-powered Intel Atom processor architecture.

2010 -In 2000, Microsoft introduced the term Microsoft Tablet PCs for tablet PCs built based on its specifications. However, the tablet PC did not take off as intended due to technical hiccups. Only in 2010 with Apple's iPad did the tablet PC segment become popular.


The 2011 Model

2011- Manufacturers are now pushing ultrabooks into the market. These are very thin, lightweight and ultraportable laptops defined by a specification from Intel. It has the new CULV Intel processors with integrated graphics and flash-based solid state disks. Among the ultrabooks available currently include Lenovo IdeaPad U300e and Asus ZenBook

Ahli Politik, Pegawai Kerajaan Digalak Guna Laman Sosial

KUALA LUMPUR: Ahli politik dan pegawai kerajaan perlu mengadaptasi kemudahan media sosial untuk merapatkan diri dengan rakyat berikutan wujudnya permintaan yang tinggi untuk maklumat di dalam negara ini, kata Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak.

Beliau berkata berdasarkan satu kajian, rakyat Malaysia menghabiskan masa secara purata sembilan jam sehari untuk berinteraksi secara 'online' melalui Twitter, Friendster, Facebook serta Myspace dan mereka juga tersenarai sebagai pengguna yang meluangkan masa paling lama menggunakan media sosial.

"Permintaan untuk maklumat begitu tinggi di kalangan masyarakat dan sebab itu komunikasi dengan rakyat perlu menggunakan pelbagai kaedah tambahan, tidak semestinya pakai media rasmi, tetapi perlu babitkan media sosial sebagai tools of engagement (alat komunikasi) terutama orang politik dan mereka yang terlibat dalam pentadbiran," katanya semasa berucap melancarkan 1Malaysia TV di sini, Ahad.

Turut hadir Timbalan Menteri Penerangan Komunikasi dan Kebudayaan Datuk Maglin Dennis D'Cruz.

Perdana Menteri berkata kemudahan media sosial membolehkan penggunanya membuat penilaian di atas apa-apa isu dengan segera.

Najib sendiri, yang agak rajin berinteraksi menerusi 'Twitter', mengakui beliau sentiasa mendapat respons langsung daripada rakyat Malaysia yang mengikuti laman sosial beliau.

Mengakui hakikat kemudahan media sosial mempunyai kebaikan dan kelemahan, Perdana Menteri berkata kebaikannya ialah pengguna dapat berinteraksi secara langsung dengan rakyat yang sebelum ini tidak pernah berlaku seperti pada zaman ayahandanya, Perdana Menteri kedua Tun Abduk Razak Hussein dan zaman itu rakyat agak sukar untuk mendapatkan maklumat.

"Mereka mendapat maklumat daripada beberapa sumber rasmi sahaja tetapi hari ini pelbagai sumber menyalurkan maklumat dapat diakses malah kalau kita tidak memberi sesuatu maklumat mereka akan dapat maklumat itu daripada sumber-sumber lain. Apabila wujudnya vakum seperti ini, mereka akan mendapatkan daripada sumber-sumber lain dan adakalanya sumber yang lain itu dicampur aduk dengan cerita dongeng atau rekaan termasuk berita palsu dan fitnah," katanya.

Najib berkata kerajaan tidak mempunyai pilihan kecuali bertindak cepat untuk memberi maklumat kepada rakyat dan jika boleh, melakunya pada masa sebenar.

Inilah realiti keadaan masyarakat hari ini dan untuk menawan hati generasi muda, kerajaan perlu menggunakan bahasa yang mereka pakai dan bahasa mereka adalah teknologi, katanya.

"Satu-satunya bahasa yang mereka fahami ialah teknologi," katanya Beliau berkata perkembangan teknologi hari ini berkembang dengan pantas dan kelahiran media baru telah memberikan impak yang besar kepada masyarakat.

Katanya majalah TIME pernah menggelarkan Malaysia sebagai negara pengguna telekomunikasi telefon selular yang paling banyak penggunanya iaitu pada kadar 124.7 untuk 100 penduduk atau pun setiap seorang mempunyai lebih daripada satu telefon bimbit.

Najib mengimbas zaman ketika beliau menjadi Menteri Besar Pahang, yang menyaksikannya menggunakan telefon bimbit model Motorola yang agak besar saiznya tetapi hari ini perkembangan teknologi telefon bimbit amat mengkagumkan.

"Bila saya buat ibadat haji, rakaman ucapan Aidiladha yang saya buat di padang Arafah dirakam daripada Iphone saya sendiri dan dihantar ke stesyen TV dan malam itu dipancarkan tanpa mengguna khidmat jurukamera RTM atau TV3," katanya.

1Malaysia TV adalah siaran televisyen secara talian yang dimajukan oleh 1MediaIPTV Sdn Bhd yang boleh ditonton melalui telefon pintar, komputer tablet dan juga komputer riba.

Saluran yang mendapat pengiktirafan 'Malaysia Book of Records' sebagai media baru pertama berkonsepkan 1Malaysia itu menyediakan siaran daripada rangkaian RTM1, RTM2, TV3, TV Al Hijrah, My Youth TV, CCTV 1, E-Korea TV, Erama Music, Erama Documentary TV dan KLPOP Online Radio Streaming.

Orang ramai boleh menonton siaran televisyen itu di laman www.1Malaysiaiptv.com atau www.erama.tv/mobiletv.

Untuk pengguna telefon pintar seperti Iphone, Blackberry dan Android, mereka boleh memuat turun aplikasi televisyen tersebut melalui stor aplikasi telefon masing-masing.- BERNAMA


Sumber: mSTAR Online Ahad 18 Disember 2011