September 27th, 2014

Hutan Pahang terus terpelihara

Bagi kerja-kerja pembalakan dalam kawasan Hutan Simpan Kekal (HSK) di bawah kategori Hutan Pengeluaran, peraturan menegaskan bahawa, wajib meninggalkan 32 pokok termasuk enam pokok buah-buahan bagi setiap hektar kawasan yang dikerjakan.


Khazanah hutan yang masih terpelihara di Taman Negara Pahang terus menggamit kehadiran pelancong

SUKARKAH untuk menerima hakikat bahawa di sebalik tanggapan negatif mengenai perhutanan di Pahang ekoran laporan tidak tepat oleh beberapa media tempatan; perhutanan di negeri ini masih dalam keadaan baik serta terpelihara?

Jawabnya, sukar bagi mereka yang tidak mahu memahami proses pengurusan perhutanan di negeri ini tetapi tidak sukar bagi mereka yang sedar tentang aspek-aspek pengurusan termasuk penebangan secara sistematik, serta penjagaan dan pemeliharaannya.

Malah, menerusi penjagaan dan pemeliharaan yang sistematik dan tegas di bawah kelolaan Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Pahang (JPNP) selama ini, telah mendapat pengiktirafan antarabangsa dengan sijil berkaitannya sentiasa diperbaharui selepas tamat tempohnya.

Bahawa hutan di negeri ini dijagai dan dipelihara dengan baik memang tidak dapat disangkal sebagaimana angka-angka dan fakta-fakta sahih yang diperolehi daripada sumber yang sah seperti JPNP.

Misalnya, adalah hakikat bahawa kira-kira tiga per lima atau 2.07 juta hektar daripada keluasan tanah Pahang kira-kira 3.6 juta hektar ini adalah masih berhutan. Keluasan ini hampir menyamai seluruh negeri Perak, yang seluas 2.1 juta hektar.

Daripada 2.07 juta hektar ini, 561,937 hektar daripadanya dikategorikan sebagai Hutan Perlindungan yang tidak dibenarkan kerja-kerja pembalakan secara komersial. Dan keluasan ini (561,937 hektar) ialah lebih lima kali ganda keluasan seluruh Pulau Pinang (yang seluas 103,100 hektar)!

Dan daripada 561,937 hektar inilah, 270,000 hektar daripadanya diwartakan sebagai kawasan tadahan air - langsung tidak boleh berlaku aktiviti penebangan hutan atau balak di dalamnya.

Asalnya, keluasan ini cuma 44,000 hektar tetapi dicadang ditambahkan lagi 230,000 hektar oleh Menteri Besar, Datuk Seri Adnan Yaakob semasa tahun-tahun awal beliau mengambil alih jawatan itu pada Mei 1999.

"Sekarang ini kita tambah lagi 230,000 hektar… 230,000 hektar tidak boleh dibalak kerana telah diisytiharkan sebagai kawasan tadahan air. Jadi kawasan tadahan air kita sekarang kira-kira 270,000 hektar," Adnan mengumumkannya pada persidangan Dewan Undangan Negeri pada 21 April 2006.

"Ini adalah pengorbanan besar Kerajaan Negeri. Luas kawasan tadahan air ini ialah kira-kira dua kali ganda saiz Pulau Pinang. Bayangkan hasil yang boleh diperolehi daripada kerja pembalakan di dalamnya jika tidak diwartakan sedemikian.

"Tapi, Kerajaan Negeri bersedia menghadapi semua itu demi memelihara hutan serta alam sekitar, yang secara tidak langsung turut menyumbang kepada sumber air mentah yang banyak di negeri ini," kata seorang pegawai yang rapat dengan kepimpinan Kerajaan Negeri.

Maka tidak menghairankanlah apabila Pahang mampu menandatangani perjanjian dengan Kerajaan Negeri Selangor bagi pembekalan air mentah hingga kira-kira 1.86 juta meter padu sehari di bawah Projek Penyaluran Air Mentah Pahang-Selangor (PPAMPS).

Bahawa, perhutanan negeri ini terus-menerus mendapat pengiktirafan antarabangsa dengan memperolehi Sijil Pengurusan Hutan di bawah Piawaian MC&I (Malaysia Criteria and Indicator) sejak tahun 2002 - terbaharu untuk tempoh 2013 - 2016; membuktikan lagi akan cemerlangnya pengurusan hutan negeri ini.

Pengiktirafan ini bukanlah oleh calang-calang pihak. Ia oleh Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) - sebuah pertubuhan bukan kerajaan (NGO) antarabangsa yang tidak berunsurkan keuntungan dan beribu pejabat di Geneva, Switzerland.

PEFC berperanan mempromosikan pengurusan hutan secara berkekalan. Dengan 35 sistem persijilan hutan kebangsaan di seluruh dunia termasuk Piawaian MC&I, meliputi keluasan hutan yang disijilkan seluas 240 juta hektar; menjadikan PEFC sebagai penyelia sistem persijilan hutan yang terbesar dunia!

"Pengiktirafan ini menunjukkan produk-produk kayu dari negeri Pahang diperolehi dari kawasan hutan yang diurus secara berkekalan dan diterima pasaran antarabangsa," demikian kata Pengarah Perhutanan Negeri, Datuk Mohd. Paiz Kamaruzaman.

Pentingnya pengiktirafan ini ialah dengannya, seperti yang dikatakan oleh Mohd. Paiz, baharulah segala produk berkaitan hutan dari negara ini akan dibenarkan memasuki pasaran di negara-negara Eropah.

Ketiadaan atau pembatalan persijilan ini oleh PEFC hanya akan menyebabkan pasaran produk negara kita terbantut lalu menjejaskan seluruh industri berkaitan hutan di negara ini yang mengeluarkan kira-kira 2.5 juta meter padu kayu gergaji, 380,518 meter padu papan lapis, 92,016 meter padu venir, dan 76,672 meter padu kayu kumai (mouldings) pada tahun lepas sahaja.

Yang daripadanya, Pahang ialah pengeluar terbesar bagi kayu gergaji, 547,188 meter padu (atau, kira-kira 22 peratus daripada keseluruhan), papan lapis, 129,395 meter padu (atau 34 peratus daripada keseluruhan) dan kayu kumai 15,310 meter padu (atau kira-kira 20 peratus daripada keseluruhan).

Perkara ini disedari oleh para pemain industri berkaitan hutan di negeri ini, yang kerana itulah mereka sentiasa berhati-hati untuk akur kepada segala peraturan yang telah ditetapkan dan digariskan di bawah Piawaian MC&I berkenaan.

Peraturan-peraturan ini pula dipantau oleh PEFC sendiri, yang apabila hendak menilai semula untuk pelanjutan sijil Piawaian MC&I berkenaan, wakil-wakilnya akan berada lebih seminggu di negeri ini untuk menjalankan kaji-selidik mereka.

"Biasanya, bukan segala dokumen berkaitan hutan di negeri ini sahaja yang mereka rujuk, malah akan ke dalam kawasan hutan-hutan berkenaan untuk melihat sendiri apa yang telah dilakukan bagi mewajarkan pelanjutan sijil ini," kata seorang pegawai di JPNP.

Antara peraturan sedia ada serta ditetapkan oleh Piawaian MC&I ialah mengenai zon penampan antara kawasan hutan dengan kawasan-kawasan sensitif seperti sungai, yang mengalir berhampirannya.

Peraturannya ialah; bagi sungai yang lebarnya melebihi tujuh meter, zon penampannya ialah tiga kali ganda atau 21 meter di kiri dan kanan tebing sungai berkenaan, manakala bagi sungai yang lebarnya kurang tujuh meter, zon itu ialah 20 meter di kiri dan kanan tebing.

Bagi kerja-kerja pembalakan dalam kawasan Hutan Simpan Kekal (HSK) di bawah kategori Hutan Pengeluaran, peraturan menegaskan bahawa, wajib meninggalkan 32 pokok termasuk enam pokok buah-buahan bagi setiap hektar kawasan yang dikerjakan.

Dan pula, pokok balak yang ukur lilitnya tidak kurang daripada 55 sentimeter tidak dibenarkan langsung ditebang. Kedua-dua peraturan ini diperuntukkan demi memastikan kelestarian hutan berkenaan.

Daripada segi perundangan berkaitan hutan pula, Pahang bukan setakat berbangga sebagai negeri pertama yang menerima-pakai Akta Perhutanan 1984 (Pindaan 1993) pada 23 Disember 1993 yang lebih keras hukumannya tetapi turut memastikan penguatkuasaannya.

Ternyata, akta yang diterima pakai ini - denda tidak melebihi RM500,000 dan penjara tidak kurang daripada setahun tetapi tidak melebihi 20 tahun, daripada yang asal, denda cuma tidak melebihi RM10,000 atau penjara tidak melebihi tiga (3) tahun atau kedua-dua denda dan penjara; bukanlah untuk window-dressing semata-mata.

Selain menjadi faktor pencegahan lalu mengurangkan kesalahan-kesalahan yang dilakukan termasuk pembalakan haram, penguatkuasaan terhadap apa yang telah termaktub di dalamnya betul-betul dilaksanakan.

Maka tidak menghairankanlah, betapa ada dalam kalangan pembalak yang telah melakukan kesalahan hutan baru-baru ini kata pegawai JPNP berkenaan, telah dikesani dan dikompaun sehingga RM100,000 dan pembalak tersebut segera membuat pembayarannya.

Menurut rekod pula, dalam tempoh lapan bulan pertama tahun ini sahaja, kompaun yang dikutip daripada pesalah-pesalah pembalakan tanpa 'mengira bulu' di negeri ini ialah kira-kira RM173,000 selain kutipan sebagai gantirugi dan premium mencecah kira-kira RM32 juta!

Oleh kerana ketegasan jugalah maka, daripada 13,610 hektar keluasan HSK yang dibenarkan ditebang di bawah Catuan Tebangan Tahunan (CTT) untuk tempoh 2011 - 2015 ini seperti mana dibenarkan oleh Majlis Perhutanan Negara untuk Pahang, angka itu tidak pernah dilampaui!

Menurut pegawai JPNP berkenaan lagi, yang turut memberikan tanggapan negatif terhadap perhutanan di Pahang ialah apabila berlakunya salah faham tentang istilah HSK, bahawa ia merupakan kawasan yang langsung tidak boleh berlaku penebangan kerana kononnya sifat kekalnya hutan tersebut.

Lalu, apa juga laporan yang diterima mengenai penebangan hutan di negeri ini pasti dikaitkan dengan kerja-kerja perhutanan atau pembalakan di dalam kawasan HSK yang semestinya langsung tidak dibenarkan sebarang kerja pembalakan.

Sedangkan katanya, di bawah HSK terdapat dua kategori iaitu selain daripada Hutan Perlindungan seperti yang dinyatakan tadi, ialah Hutan Pengeluaran.

Dan beliau ada menjawab kegusaran wartawan sebuah akhbar berbahasa Inggeris tempatan mengenai kegiatan pembalakan di Hutan Simpan Lesong di Pekan, yang didakwa akan memusnahkan habitan hidupan liar.

Wartawan itu bertanya; "Kenapa ada syarikat diberikan lesen untuk membalak di Lesong sungguhpun ia sebuah Hutan Simpan Kekal?" Pertanyaan itu sudah pun dijawab secara bertulis melalui e-mel kepadanya oleh pegawai berkenaan.

"HSK boleh diklasifikasikan sama ada sebagai Hutan Pengeluaran atau Hutan Perlindungan yang sejajar dengan Dasar Perhutanan Negara 1978 (Pindaan 1992). Di bawah Hutan Pengeluaran, hutan boleh dibalak manakala Hutan Perlindungan, tidak boleh dibalak secara komersial maka tiada lesen pembalakan dikeluarkan untuknya".

Sejak itu hingga semalam - kira-kira dua bulan kemudian, barulah laporan berita oleh wartawan berkenaan mengenai Hutan Simpan Lesong disiarkan oleh akhbar berkenaan.

Malangnya penjelasan pegawai JPNP berkenaan tidak diambil kira untuk memperbetulkan persepsi salah mengenai hutan di Pahang - yang tetap dipelihara di sebalik kerja-kerja pembalakan yang dijalankan. Oleh AHYA ALIMUDDIN Utusan/Rencana/20140926/re_01/Hutan-Pahang-terus-terpelihara#ixzz3ESg0alPb

Lupakan 'si nila' pulihkan semangat murid

LUPAKAN nila. Dalam isu kertas soalan Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) bocor, bukan sebelanga tetapi selautan susu telah rosak. Polis akan mengurus 'si nila' terlibat. Tahulah nasib mereka setelah dibawa ke muka pengadilan nanti.


Sekarang masa untuk bergerak ke hadapan. Bukan masa untuk terus berdukacita dan meratapi apa yang telah berlaku. Menuding jari kepada Kementerian Pendidikan semata-mata tidak adil. Isu ini adalah soal amanah dan integriti. Jika setiap pegawai yang diberi tanggungjawab berpegang kepada amanah, insya-Allah perkara itu dapat dielakkan.

Sebenarnya sejak hari pertama diumumkan bocor, hampir kesemua sekolah sudah bertindak. Dalam suasana ketidaktentuan itu, kebanyakan sekolah sudah merangka perancangan untuk calon UPSR masing-masing.

Pertama, semangat murid mesti dipulihkan. Betapa ramai yang sugul setelah berhempas pulas mentelaah. Sebahagian besar khususnya yang 'menyerahkan seluruh jiwa raga' kepada peperiksaan ini 'terduduk' dan hampir berputus asa sejurus selepas mendengar berita beberapa mata pelajaran tertentu dibatalkan.

Pihak sekolah dan guru apatah lagi. Bertahun merancang dengan macam-macam program tetapi pengakhiran sebegitu jadinya. Banyak program lain yang sepatutnya dijalankan selepas ujian itu turut terbantut. Mujurlah kebanyakan sekolah tidak panik.

Di tengah-tengah kekecohan dan perbincangan tentang soalan bocor masih panas, banyak sekolah secara diam-diam sudah menganjurkan program motivasi. Tujuannya bagi mengembalikan 'semangat yang hilang' dalam kalangan murid-murid. Program makan angin yang dirancang diteruskan seperti biasa. Program itu secara tidak langsung menjadi antara aktiviti pemulihan semangat murid. Kelas-kelas tuisyen tambahan diteruskan sehingga sekarang.

Guru-guru terlibat berkorban masa dan tenaga bagi mengembalikan semangat murid untuk berhadapan dengan peperiksaan itu sekali lagi. Membaca kisah bagaimana sekumpulan guru meredah hutan bagi memujuk anak-anak murid yang tinggal di pedalaman atau perkampungan Orang Asli kembali ke sekolah amat menyentuh hati.

Sekumpulan guru Sekolah Kebangsaan Sungai Mas, Sungai Lembing, Pahang dan pegawai pelajaran masuk ke perkampungan Orang Asli untuk `mencari' murid bagi memastikan mereka menduduki semula UPSR. Jumlah calon Orang Asli di sekolah tersebut tidak ramai pun, hanya 11 orang.

Bagaimanapun Guru Besar sekolah itu Saudi Jamil dan beberapa guru lain tetap menjejaki setiap rumah mereka untuk bertemu dengan ibu bapa calon. Saudi mahu kesemua 11 anak muridnya itu menduduki ujian tersebut.

Mereka tidak mahu anak murid ke hutan berburu ketika peperiksaan tersebut diadakan.

Mereka mahu memastikan kumpulan ini tidak tercicir.

Kisah yang sama juga sudah pasti berlaku di sekolah-sekolah pedalaman lain seperti di Sabah dan Sarawak. Murid-murid yang tinggal jauh di pedalaman dikumpulkan dan tinggal di sekolah masing-masing sepanjang musim peperiksaan. Guru-guru terlibat meluangkan masa memberi kelas tambahan dan tinggal bersama-sama murid sepanjang tempoh itu.

Walaupun terpaksa mengulangi sekali lagi peperiksaan yang sama, guru-guru di sekolah-sekolah sedemikian tidak mengeluh jauh sekali merungut.

Tinggal beberapa hari lagi, murid-murid akan menduduki semula kertas Sains dan Bahasa Inggeris. Waktu mungkin semakin suntuk, tetapi masih tidak terlambat untuk semua pihak guru, ibu bapa untuk membantu murid-murid terlibat. Sekurang-kurangnya membantu mereka kembali kuat, bersemangat dan tenang ketika menduduki UPSR.

Sekolah, guru dan ibu bapa kena reda dengan apa yang telah berlaku. Janganlah menambah tekanan kepada anak-anak. Murid-murid pada usia seputih susu itu tidak wajar dibebani dengan harapan terlalu menggunung. Yang paling penting sekali ialah menerima apa sahaja bentuk keputusan murid nanti.   Rozaman Ismail Utusan/Rencana/20140927

Fahami konsep pendidikan, ilmu

PENDIDIKAN merupakan satu institusi yang paling penting dalam pembentukan keperibadian sesuatu ummah dan pembangunan negara. Kelemahan sistem pendidikan boleh mengakibatkan sesuatu bangsa hilang identiti dan keistimewaanya. Kemuliaan ilmu pengetahuan diperakui oleh semua bangsa di dunia ini. Kehebatan manusia jika dibandingkan dengan makhluk Allah yang lain adalah berdasarkan kepada ilmu pengetahuan yang dimiliki olehnya.

Nabi Adam a.s. iaitu manusia pertama yang diciptakan oleh Allah mempunyai keistimewaan melebihi malaikat apabila baginda dianugerahkan oleh Allah dengan ilmu pengetahuan yang tinggi terutamanya berkaitan dengan hal ehwal ilmu duniawi. Allah mengajar Nabi Adam pelbagai ilmu pengetahuan bagi memudahkan baginda mengendalikan hal ehwal keduniaan.Seperti mana firman Allah dalam Surah 2 (al-Baqarah):31 yang bermaksud; "Dan Dia (Allah) mengajarkan Adam nama-nama (benda) seluruhnya".

Berdasarkan penjelasan berikut maka umat Islam sepatutnya memahami bahawa ilmu pengetahuan ialah sinar cahaya yang menembusi hati nurani dan pemikiran manusia secara pembelajaran yang tersusun. Sistem pendidikan yang berorientasikan kecintaan ilmu pengetahuan tanpa batasan sepatutnya dijadikan asas pendidikan negara Islam. Institusi pendidikan ini akan menghasilkan para pelajar yang memiliki ilmu pengetahuan pelbagai bidang berdasarkan kepada sikap dan kebijaksanaan para guru mendidik dan mengasuh para pelajar mereka.

Ilmu yang dituntut bukan semata-mata untuk menonjolkan diri sebagai orang yang hebat memiliki ilmu pengetahuan dan lambang kebanggaan. Penekanan utama dalam aspek pendidikan ialah bagaimanakah ilmu yang dimiliki itu dapat dijadikan amalan atau asas untuk membina kehidupan yang sempurna di dunia ini.



Murid-murid Sekolah Kebangsaan Taman Melawati 2 di Taman Melawati, Kuala Lumpur, mengikuti aktiviti di bawah bimbingan guru mereka sebagai persiapan menduduki semula kertas peperiksaan Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) yang bocor. - UTUSAN/Abdul Razak Latif

Guru memainkan peranan penting dalam pembentukan keperibadian para pelajar, menyebarkan ilmu pengetahuan dan melatih mereka supaya memperolehi ketajaman akal dengan pelbagai kaedah seperti peperiksaan dan sebagainya. Sikap dan corak pemikiran yang berorientasikan kecintaan ilmu dan gemar melatih para pelajar menjadi orang yang berjaya dalam ilmu pengetahuan dan berakhlak mulia merupakan ciri-ciri para pendidik dan cendekiawan Islam. Jika para guru dan pendidik Islam memiliki ciri-ciri begini maka tidak wujud peristiwa soalan peperiksaan bocor atau seumpamanya.

Peperiksaan merupakan salah satu cara untuk menentukan kebolehan dan kecapaian para pelajar dalam bidang ilmu pengetahuan. Melalui peperiksaan para pelajar gigih mengulang kaji pelajaran dan berlumba-lumba untuk mendapat keputusan yang baik bagi membolehkan mereka mencapai tahap ilmu pengetahuan yang tinggi. Ilmu pengetahuan yang disebarkan kepada para pelajar sepatutnya disematkan dengan semangat cintakan ilmu bukan sikap yang berkobar-kobar untuk mendapat pangkat cemerlang secara mudah dan tidak bermoral.

Para pendidik dan pelajar yang berorientasikan jiwa ilmu tidak akan melakukan sesuatu yang terkeluar daripada etika ilmu pengetahuan ketika diuji kebolehan dan kebijaksanaan mereka dalam ilmu pengetahuan. Para pelajar dan pendidik yang berorientasikan etika menuntut ilmu sering menguji kebolehan mereka secara telus. Jika mereka berjaya dalam ujian maka perasaan bersyukur menjadi amalan mereka. Jika gagal mereka menjadi lebih bersemangat untuk memperbaiki diri dan mendalami ilmu. Jiwa begini sepatutnya disemat dalam jiwa para pendidik dan pelajar khususnya yang beragama Islam.

Dalam aspek pendidikan tidak ada sikap pilih kasih atau terlalu mengagungkan sekolah-sekolah yang dapat menghasilkan para pelajar yang ramai mendapat keputusan yang cemerlang tanpa mengira latar belakang para guru dan persediaan kelengkapan pendidikan bagi sekolah-sekolah di seluruh negara. Keadilan dalam aspek pendidikan perlu dijadikan asas pendidikan negara. Jika perkara ini diabaikan maka sukar untuk menentukan sejauhmanakah kebijaksanaan para pelajar yang mendapat keputusan cemerlang yang berada di sekolah-sekolah di bandar dengan para pelajar di luar bandar yang kurang cemerlang dalam peperiksaan.

Guru-guru berkelayakan dan kelengkapan peralatan sekolah memainkan peranan penting bagi menentukan kejayaan para pelajar. Kebocoran kertas peperiksaan dan seumpamanya perlu dikaji secara menyeluruh supaya individu yang terlibat dalam kegiatan tersebut dapat dikenal pasti. Persoalannya ialah siapakah guru-guru yang terlibat dalam penyediaan kertas peperiksaan? Jika terdapat guru-guru yang dipilih untuk menyediakan kertas peperiksaan bagi sekolah-sekolah tertentu maka kemungkinan para pelajar di sekolah tersebut akan mendapat gambaran tajuk atau bentuk soalan yang akan terpapar dalam kertas soalan. Jika perkara ini berlaku maka tidak ada bezanya kertas soalan peperiksaan bocor atau tidak.

Sikap gemar menyediakan keistimewaan kepada sekolah-sekolah yang menghasilkan ramai pelajar yang cemerlang dalam peperiksaan seperti memberi wang kepada guru besar dan seumpamanya merupakan satu inisiatif yang baik tetapi kadang-kadang ganjaran sebegini boleh mendorong para guru kurang prihatin terhadap etika ilmu pengetahuan. Jika keistimewaan dijadikan sebagai matlamat untuk menghasilkan ramai para pelajar mendapat A dalam peperiksaan maka objektif pendidikan berdasarkan konsep pendidikan Islam akan gagal.

Matlamat pendidikan boleh berubah kepada konsep menghasilkan ramai pelajar mendapat pangkat A daripada menghasilkan para pelajar yang tulen kebijaksanaan dan kepintaran kerana setiap mata pelajaran yang diajar ditumpukan kepada tajuk-tajuk yang akan dipaparkan dalam kertas soalan bukan keseluruhan ilmu berkaitan dengan mata pelajaran tersebut.

Konsep ciptaan manusia sepatutnya dijadikan garis panduan sistem pendidikan negara Islam bagi menghasilkan masyarakat yang memiliki ketulenan dalam pelbagai bidang ilmu dan kepakaran. Allah menciptakan setiap individu dengan kepandaian dan kepakaran yang berbeza. Kebolehan setiap individu itu sepatutnya dipupuk dan diasuh bagi membantu mereka menerokai bidang yang dianugerahkan oleh Allah kepada mereka.

Oleh itu peperiksaan di peringkat awal persekolahan sepatutnya lebih tertumpu kepada bakat semula jadi kanak-kanak bukan dalam bentuk ilmu akademik yang sukar dicapai oleh kanak-kanak terutamanya mereka yang tidak dianugerahkan Allah kecapaian akal dalam ilmu akademik.

Setiap perkara berkaitan dengan ilmu pengetahuan atau kepakaran walaupun bukan dalam bentuk akademik sepatutnya dijadikan mata pelajaran di sekolah-sekolah supaya kanak-kanak dan para pelajar berminat untuk mendalami ilmu mengikut bakat yang dianugerahkan Allah kepada mereka. Ibu bapa sepatutnya memahami bakat atau minat anak-anak sejak kecil kerana sikap dan minat mereka yang dipertontonkan kepada ibu bapa itu merupakan fitrah ciptaan mereka.

Jika anak kurang berminat dalam bidang ilmu akademik maka ibu bapa usah memaksa anak-anak mendalami ilmu tersebut.

Kebijaksanaan setiap individu bukan bergantung kepada kecapaian ilmu akademik semata-mata tetapi ia berlandaskan kepada bagaimana seseorang individu tersebut berjaya mengendalikan urusan kehidupan sehariannya walaupun tidak pernah mendapat kejayaan cemerlang dalam bidang akademik. Konsep dan prinsip kehidupan manusia yang mempunyai pelbagai peranan dan tugas sepatutnya dijadikan asas pendidikan negara.

Ilmu yang dituntut bukan semata-mata untuk menonjolkan diri sebagai orang yang hebat memiliki ilmu pengetahuan dan lambang kebanggaan. Penekanan utama dalam aspek pendidikan ialah bagaimanakah ilmu yang dimiliki itu dapat dijadikan amalan atau asas untuk membina kehidupan yang sempurna di dunia ini.

Jika ibu bapa, para guru dan pelajar memahami konsep dan prinsip menuntut ilmu pengetahuan dalam Islam maka isu kertas soalan bocor tidak akan wujud dalam institusi pendidikan negara Islam. Prof. Madya Dr. Saodah Abd. Rahman ialah profesor madya di Jabatan Usuluddin dan Perbandingan Agama, Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia (UIAM)   Utusan/Rencana/20140927

Akta baharu lindungi hak penjamin

Usaha kerajaan menggubal akta baharu menggantikan Akta Kebankrapan 1967 (Akta 360) bertujuan melindungi penjamin tentunya melegakan pihak yang terbabit kerana akhirnya ada bentuk pembelaan untuk mereka yang banyak menjadi mangsa. Kita juga sangat mengalu-alukannya kerana ia dilihat jalan penyelesaian kepada banyaknya kes penjamin khususnya penjamin sosial diisytiharkan muflis gara-gara peminjam tidak melunaskan pinjaman.

Perkara ini berlaku kerana kelemahan yang wujud pada akta sedia ada yang memberi ruang kepada pemiutang untuk lebih memberikan tumpuan kepada penjamin daripada peminjam. Penjamin sosial ini merujuk kepada penjamin bagi pinjaman yang bukan untuk tujuan komersial seperti pendidikan, kenderaan serta perumahan. Sejak tahun 2007 hingga Jun lalu, seramai 6,898 penjamin sosial ini diisytiharkan muflis.



SAADIAH yang diisytihar muflis kerana menjadi penjamin pinjaman kenderaan anaknya. - Foto Mohamad Shahril Badri Saali

Seperti kata Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri, Nancy Shukri, kerajaan tidak mahu pemiutang (bank) mengambil jalan mudah dengan mengejar penjamin apabila berlakunya kemungkiran dalam pembayaran balik pinjaman. Justeru, di bawah akta baharu itu nanti syarat bagi petisyen muflis ke atas penjamin akan diperketatkan serta diperluaskan dan bank tidak boleh mengambil tindakan ke atas penjamin sebelum tindakan terlebih dahulu diambil terhadap peminjam.

Berdasarkan itu, akta baharu berkenaan akan menjadikan peminjam benar-benar ipertanggungjawabkan terhadap sikap culas mereka dalam membayar balik pinjaman. Dalam banyak kes ketika ini, penjamin kita lihat lebih susah hati pabila hutang tidak dilunaskan oleh peminjam kerana bimbang diisytiharkan muflis.

Justeru,kita yakin dengan akta baharu ini, ia bukan sahaja menjadi penyelamat kepada penjamin, tetapi memberikan amaran kepada peminjam bahawa setiap sen yang dipinjam perlulah dibayar. Berita Harian Online Kolumnis 26/09/2014

An era coming to an end

A lot of strange things have been going on that must surely be a sign of the end of something.

THERE is a belief among some people that one of the signs of the end of times is when really strange things start to happen. I was never one of those because often “strange” can be quite subjective. There are some who think women taking leadership positions is one of those strange events.

But of late I have had to revise my view of this, although it may not coincide with the same theories that those people have. It is true, however, that a lot of strange things have been going on that, to me, must surely be a sign of the end of something. Maybe it’s not quite the end of the world, but certainly the end of an era, at least for some people.

For instance, we are now seeing this bizarre phenomenon of the nation’s top cop deciding that if anyone has the temerity to be “biadap” (rude) about his law enforcement agency or even himself, then he’ll use the Sedition Act against us.

Now, I don’t recall that the Act actually says we can’t pass a snide remark or two about the agency. After all we are all familiar with that remark “itu biasa lah” whenever we’ve had the misfortune to have to report a bag-snatching or a petty theft.

Would saying that such a remark is not be­coming of law enforcement officers be consi­dered “biadap”? Would saying that our top cop’s performance in front of the world media during the MH370 press conferences was far short of impressive make us liable to be arrested? If yes, then there are lots of people who would be in handcuffs by now.

Today you can get done in for giving an expert opinion that some governance processes were not legally kosher, or for saying that elections are the time for us to change governments if we wanted. Isn’t that what elections are for?

Undoubtedly some people have been foolish enough to let loose on social media things they would only say privately to friends. But that’s a very Gen Y thing to do, say everything you feel and put it up for all to see. It doesn’t necessarily mean you mean it, nor that you even had much reason to say it. But those get hauled up, too. Will this actually stop more ill-considered opi­nions being aired? I doubt it.

Yet these are the sorts of strange things that one can get charged for these days. Even stranger is the penchant for the same said officer to refuse to obey the laws under which he should operate. In all our 57 years of nationhood, there has never been confusion among our law enforcement officers as to what laws they are supposed to obey.

Suddenly, these days they are easily confused. And when compelled by the courts to do their job, they find the country’s top legal man, whose job is to protect the Federal Constitution, to become their lawyer.

That’s a lot of firepower to fight one poor beleaguered mother who just wants to have her children with her. They must think she’s darn powerful to warrant this type of abuse of the courts.

I even think that the UPSR leaks, as well as the response to it, are also a sign of the end. For one thing, why so much panic over an exam that 12-year-olds sit for? And secondly, although the leakers should be punished, why bother making all 473,175 pupils re-sit it?

Leak or not, the smart ones are still going to get good results. So we might as well wait for the results of the entire exam and see if there are any real anomalies such as those who normally don’t do well suddenly getting all As. Frankly, I doubt it.

So these strange events, as well as some others, are a sign that an era is coming to an end. Perhaps it is the end of doing things the same old way when things are changing rapidly every day. It is the end of a time when people all think and see things the same way. Nor is it any longer a time when people will not voice what they don’t like.

Einstein said that the surest sign of insanity is doing the same things repeatedly while expecting a different result. In our case, we are seeing the same things done more incompetently while expecting love and respect in return.

I’m not sure what to call that. MARINA MAHATHIR The STAR Home News Opinion 25/09/2014

Knowledge is to better ourselves

WE do not have to be geniuses to see that there is an abundance of knowledge that we can acquire throughout our lives.

We do not need to be constantly reminded that the learning process does not end with the completion of years in school and university.

Therefore, in every aspect, the function of our educational system is to deepen and enrich the knowledge that also comprises the multi-cultural integration.

By nature, we have different levels of intellectual development in every person. Hence, the Education Ministry should consider varying the existing rigid system from result-oriented to developing the confidence and skills of our students.

The system today makes our students only focus on memorising everything to pass the examinations and that truly is not producing intellectuals. Even though the memorising concept may get them through with flying colours, they may not be able to appreciate the knowledge.

This will lead to a deadlock and a loss of confidence once they face the reality or challenges in everyday working life.

Today, we have to be concerned of the incipient of the so-called “strawberry generation’”.

The existing educational policy fundamentally creates the segregation of students where the best will be glorified while the weak students will continuously be seen as weak and losers.

It is hard to move forward when the system merely emphasises on rivalry and the achievement of the individual.

Perhaps the ministry should remove the “Best Principal” award to avoid the principals from selecting only good result students to be in their schools, for the sake of their outstanding awards.

However, the materialisation for any kind of improvement will remain status quo if it is to “produce” by the same “production house” plays on the same approach.

We just cannot shy away from developing knowledge and skills to better ourselves. AMIZIAN AZLINA MOHD AMINNURDIN The STAR Letters September 26, 2014

Why always blame the teachers?

IT is disheartening to see teachers stealing the limelight lately for the wrong reasons.

Many quarters have expressed their disappointments and shared their views and ideas to rectify the mistakes and avoid future blunders.

Some are blatantly accusing the teachers and questioning their integrity.

The growing number of arrests is a sign indicating involvement of a wider ring in this disgraceful deed and the deeper we dig, the uglier the scene gets. With the number of papers to re sit jumped from two to four, the gravity of the issue is beginning to sink in.

Enough has been said and written on why and how it is not possible for a leak to happen so let’s look at reasons why and how it is possible to happen.

The issue of major examination questions being leaked is not new but usually it’s brushed aside by some brilliant individuals as mere “spotted questions” which bear resemblance to the actual exam questions.

It was debated that even if the same questions in the same order as in the actual examination paper were found to be distributed before the examination, it is still not considered a leak. It’s only when the alleged paper is proved (without doubt) to be a copy of the actual paper with the same font and size and page number does it get any degree of attention from the authorities.

It was just too difficult to prove a leakage in the past but thanks to technology for making the job so much easier now.

I am defending neither the teachers nor the parents as I think both are equally responsible and have their fair share in this whole mess. It’s a case of sheer selfishness and greed!

The teachers want the pupils to get excellent results as it gives them a false sense of achievement and boosts their ego. Besides, they are securely placed in their superiors’ good books and become desirable candidates for promotions and perks of various kinds. Who wouldn’t want that?

Teachers are blamed for everything these days. Teachers are the first group of people to be blamed when a child fails to perform in his studies.

A child’s intelligence level, his upbringing, his living environment, his emotional state and intellectual level are all swept under the carpet and blame directed towards one specific group, the teachers!

So desperation, coupled up with pure greed, pushes these teachers to shamelessly involve themselves in malicious acts.

The irony is, these teachers are highly favoured by students as well as parents as they are considered helpful and generous.

It is unfortunate that to maintain the super-teacher image created, teachers have to stoop so low. What the teachers as well as the parents fail to see is the irreversible damage such acts cause to young minds.

The trend of “assisting” students by supplying questions and hints starts as early as at primary school years and we don’t seem to realise the implications until it’s too late.

Are teachers the only party at fault here?

How many of us have seen our children supplied with “hints” by their teachers before school-level tests or examinations?

How often have we seen our children awarded marks which they obviously don’t deserve?

How many of us have expected some leaked questions before major exams so that our children’s certificates are adorned with a string of As?

Aren’t we equally at fault for having our share of contribution in what has transpired?

We admire teachers whom we believe could magically transform our below-average children into brilliant students by showering them with excellent grades when we are fully aware of the actual learning capacity of our children. We never question them or is it a case of denying reality?

I am not trying to right the wrong or justify the acts of those irresponsible individuals involved but let’s spare a minute to ponder over the role of society as a whole. It’s high time we stop playing the blame game and reflect on our own virtues and faults in our role as parents.

Unrealistic expectations, obsession over grades, greed, a kiasu mindset paired with a weak system have attributed to the unfortunate incident where the integrity and dignity of teachers and the teaching profession is in question.

It’s a little too late to mend the damage done to the morale of all those innocent teachers as well as students but it’s never too late to learn from mistakes. SR2 Tampin The STAR Home News Opinion Letter 26/09/2014

6 Wrong Reasons To Choose A Ph.D

A Ph.D can be your chance to get paid to tackle intellectual problems and explore new areas of knowledge. Or it could be a disastrous experience that leaves you mentally drained and in debt. Ph.D’s are the most consuming of higher education degrees. A doctorate is the highest level of education you can attain. So, obviously this will take up your time, energy, dedication, and money. With this much commitment, it is not for everyone, but can be incredibly rewarding if done for the right reasons.

Below, we will explain some of the wrong reasons of doing a Ph.D. If you one of these is on your list of reasons to do a Ph.D, maybe you should step back and reconsider. If you agree with this list and have other reasons for doing a Ph.D, it might be exactly what you should be doing. So, let’s take a look. (source:dailymail.co.uk)

1. Fulfilling Others’ Ambitions

If you are doing a Ph.D because your parents expect it of you or because your significant other insists, or even because you are trying to live up to the standards set by an elder sibling or relative, you should reconsider. Fulfilling your own ambitions and going after your dreams will be much more gratifying, and your passion will make the process seem easier. A Ph.D is a large, strenuous undertaking which only gets tougher if you have no interest in the subject or have no passion to pursue it at the doctorate level. (source:fastprofits.com.au)

2. Peer Pressure

While it is great having an incredibly educated social circle, fitting in is not a reason to do a Ph.D. It is challenging, time consuming and will require all your attention. So, unless you are sure that you are willing to and capable of put in the amount of work required for a Ph.D, don’t do it. You will burnout and it will drain all your energy.

(source:bobmaconbusiness.com)

3. Ego Gratification

Many students believe that they have yet to meet a challenge they cannot beat. This misplaced genius complex, while a great driver for perfectionists and fuel for ambition, has no place as a student. Students are most importantly, learning from others. If you would like to do your Ph.D to gratify your ego and boast that you too are capable of attaining this exclusive degree, you are doing it for the wrong reasons. You will be unhappy with the enormous amount of work expected from you; but worse, you may end up with an unsatisfied sense of superiority because the novelty of showing off your degree wears off. (source:gq.com)

4. Escaping Your Job

It is true that getting a degree in another field is a great way of finding your passion and taking steps towards it. However, this is only the case if you are certain of what you are planning on studying. Disinterest will follow you if you are simply trying out something new for the sake of variety. (source:abroadee.com)

5. Keeping Your Visa

Often, you get accustomed to the lifestyle, the culture, the people, or maybe the country that you’ve finished your undergraduate education in. Doing a Ph.D for the sake of staying in that city or area isn’t a good enough reason.

(source:campuscalm.com)




6. The Real World Scares You

It’s easy to assume that a Ph.D program will just be a more intense version of your undergraduate degree. But that will most definitely not be the case. The goals are not to submit your assignments on time and ace your exams. Your classes will bethere to help you build a foundation and to guide you in your research. You will be assessed mainly on the basis of your research and your publications. This is really important for students who are still studying or have just finished their undergraduate or master’s degrees. If you think you are going to continue studying the way you used to and you’d prefer that to finding a job, a Ph.D is not what you are looking for. The real world may surprise you yet.

The most important reason to do a phd:

It fits you. We cannot emphasize this enough. If you are somebody who wants to change the world and challenge what is accepted today

in any subject area that you are passionate about, a Ph.D is probably for you. Basically, any reason that has less to do with the Ph.D and how it suits you as a person, and more to do with external factors is probably a wrong reason because the Ph.D is a lot to deal with. It is also important to remember that whether it is in physics or psychology or geography, a Ph.D will go beyond what you have previously covered and will render you capable of making a difference. A Ph.D can often be a ticket to lifelong research and academic insights.

So, if you are the type of student who always wants to learn and apply that learning back at the world and make a difference, a Ph.D is definitely for you.

By student advisor | Easyuni.comMon, Sep 22, 2014

6 Reasons To Do A Master’s Degree

Pursuing a master’s degree is both time consuming and mentally taxing. It can also be a huge financial burden unless you are on a scholarship. Many students feel like a master’s degree is a pre-requisite for a good career in today’s job market; yet others feel like a master’s degree is needed for a decent salary. There are, however, many more reasons for you to take up a master’s degree. If you are unsure of your future plans after studying your bachelor’s, a master’s degree is worth considering.

We have already talked about who should not go to graduate school. Below, we discuss 6 ways pursuing a master’s degree will benefit you and your career.



[Source: http://www.uwo.ca/fhs/img/bnr/academic.jpg ]


1. Intellectual Growth

This may seem obvious to you, but many students forget (or chose to ignore) that at the end of the day, graduate school is about the academics. You will be taught with professors who are established in your field and specialize in areas that you aspire to learn. A master’s degree often involves research. This will help you develop intellectually and also be more knowledgeable in your field.

2. Increased Job Prospects

Other than the academic gains, the increased job prospects are one of the best reasons to pursue a master’s. A master’s degree is a step to becoming an expert in your field. It’s a lifelong achievement you will have. This opens the door to more jobs which might require master’s degree. Some positions in the industry you are currently in, will also open up to you. A master’s degree makes you qualified for higher level positions, maybe even on the same career path that you’re already on.






























[ Source: http://www.mlec.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/student_MTI.jpg ]


3. Increased Mobility

With a master’s degree, you are going to be intensively studying a subject. Did you know that this can increase your mobility in terms of your job? This is the ideal time for you to ask yourself if you are happy with the field or industry you are currently in. If you are considering a career change, a master’s degree might be your ticket to a new role. You can move into another field or industry based on what you study; for example engineering students working in a technical role who wish to switch to a management or marketing position should consider getting an MBA. An MBA, combined with the technical work experience, will make them ideal candidates for a management track. Similarly, a master’s can help you specialize within your field; for example, if you are a law student practicing in general law and you wish to switch to the mining industry, a master’s focused on mineral and mining law will help you qualify for that transition.

4. Networking

The people you meet in graduate school are much more likely to rise to the top and become powerful leaders and influencers of tomorrow, just like you. Graduate school is a great place to network with them because it is a casual setting. You will often be in the same groups for projects or maybe neighbors in the residences. This gives you ample opportunities for networking and building up your contacts. Often, the connections you build in graduate school may help you on your own journey to your dream job.





























[Source: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/prospective-students/undergraduate-study/img-library/collection/2012nov-ug13-d4-058.jpg  ]

5. A Break From The Real World

As a graduate student, you are still counted as a student in many ways. This means that you get to re-live the life of a student if you wish to. Graduate students often have special residences for them, they have access to all campus facilities, they go to class, write assignments, complain about exams, and slack off. If you miss this and want a break from your day job, or if you just finished your bachelor’s and aren’t ready to let go yet, graduate school is the cure for you. And for those of you who are cynical and think this isn’t a good enough reason, graduate school allows you the space and time for personal growth so that you can go back into the workforce more prepared.

6. Higher Pay

While there are non-financial benefits of a master’s degree, it’s undeniable that with a degree that makes you more capable and knowledgeable, you will get a nice salary bump. An MBA graduate makes more than someone with a BBA. In addition, having a master’s degree also increases your chances of promotion and decreases the time it takes to get that promotion, leading to higher pay, faster.

So, there you have it, 6 reasons to get a master’s degree. If you have another reason to pursue a master’s degree or you’re still unsure that you should pursue one, tell us why!   By student advisor | Easyuni.comFri, Sep 12, 2014

The Most Important Skill All University Students Need

While university life offers a lot of freedom and opportunities, the responsibility of managing your schedule is all yours. Time management, therefore, is a crucial skill for university students; this is the first time in your life that you are not given a schedule and a routine. This can be overwhelming, especially if you have just started at university. To help you plan out your routine and manage your schedule efficiently, we will discuss our favorite time management tips in this article.

Time management means spending time doing the things that help you achieve your goals and the things that you personally prioritise and value, rather than wondering how you just wasted 3 hours. There are various ways to organize yourself: schedules, timers, daily/hour goals, to-do lists, managing distractions, etc.

As a university students, you will not have classes from morning till afternoon, with only a lunch break, as you did during your schooling. You may have breaks during the day. You may even have entire days with just 1 class, or even no classes! Making time to study on your own is important especially on these days because at the university level you are expected to do readings and supplementary work on your own time. Your professors will assume that you are already prepared for your class and not spend time going over background information, or spoon-feeding you the material.

To help yourself and not spend the entire semester playing catch up, it is crucial to manage your time well. This is especially important because university is also the time for you to explore different activities and interests you might have. It is the time for you to network and develop your plans for the future. It is definitely difficult to do so if you can’t manage your time.

The first step to efficient time management is prioritizing. If you can list out everything you have to do, along with the deadlines for these tasks, and organize it in descending order of importance, you are halfway there! Next, divide these tasks into little 30 minute to 1 hour chunks. Now, grab a calendar, or a day planner, or even a plain notepad with dates and times written on it. On this, start organizing the tasks in a way that allows you breaks and a variety in assignments. And there you have it, you have planned out your tasks and made a basic schedule to manage your work.

Tips To Optimize Your Schedule:


  • Don’t multitask! It is fine to divide up your schedule into smaller blocks of 20-30 minutes, but spend enough time on one activity to be able to focus and get results.

  • Take a break. Grab a coffee, go for a walk, or even take a power nap. It is important to let your mind rest after long periods of working. Breaks give your mind the necessary down-time to recharge and prepare for the next stretch of tasks.

  • Learn to say no. While you can’t tell your professor that you refuse to turn in a paper, you can definitely tell your friend that you can’t go out with them 3 nights in a row, or do their assignments for them.

  • Keep your to-do list handy. Once you’ve prioritized your tasks, make a to-do list, then, keep it some place prominent. If it is the background on your laptop, or right in front of your desk, it is hard to ignore.

  • Get a study buddy. It is always easier to get through something when you have someone else motivating you and checking up on you. Find a friend who you can study with (without getting distracted!) and make sure you both know each other’s study goals. Once you have set those goals, remember to hold each other accountable for them!


Common Mistakes To Avoid:


  • Not setting goals. Without having a specific goal, you lose the sense of urgency and also the potential satisfaction of ticking something off your to-do list. Having a specific task to accomplish might help motivate you.

  • Procrastinating. While it is easy to lose your drive and get distracted, part of managing your time is prioritizing your tasks and getting rid of distractions. It is very tempting to procrastinate not just by watching a tv show or going out, but by doing random, unimportant tasks. To avoid procrastinating, try breaking the task down to chunks of achievable goals and take lots of breaks.

  • Not having a designated work space. It is important to have a work environment which is separate from your regular relaxing environment. This is both so that you minimize distractions and put your brain in ‘work mode’, and also so that you can fully unwind when you are taking a break. Figure out what works best for you. Can you work better in a library with absolute silence or a cafe with ambient noise? Do you find yourself focusing more easily if you have music playing in the background or is that too distracting? Figure out your work environment and create a space for it.

  • Giving up too easily. Time management is a skill you need to develop slowly, through trial and error. You may fail the first few times you try to set a routine. You may feel like everything is easier than the task at hand, or perhaps the task is boring, or you don’t understand how to do it. It may even seem too enormous to tackle. The longer you procrastinate, however, the more you will feel worse about the task – and yourself. You may feel discouraged, stressed, frustrated and even rebellious. To get past this, remember that perseverance will pay off. If you are in control of how you are spending your time, you will be able to achieve more, including leisure activities you like, without feeling guilty.


What if I fall behind?

Learn to take everything in stride. This is a common problem for students. If you fall behind, it is important to see where you went wrong. However, fixating on it and beating yourself up over it is counter-productive: not only are you wasting time feeling guilty over it, you are also putting yourself in a bad mood which will be detrimental to your focus. If you fall behind, the first thing to do is to determine exactly how far behind you are. Have you missed last week’s assignment or are you still trying to figure out what was covered in class a month ago?

Once you have figured that out, it is important to make an appointment with your professor. As a university student, you definitely are expected to monitor your routine and manage your own workload, your professor can help you in many ways. He or she may be able to refer you to a counsellor who will help you plan out a routine. You may be granted an extension on any major assignments or deadlines if you ask early enough. A teaching assistant may be recommended to help you with catching up on your coursework. The last step is to do a debrief and figure out where you went off track and how you can prevent that from happening in the future.

So, there you have it, our guide on how to manage your time effectively as a university student. What are some of your favorite ways of managing your routine? By student advisor | Easyuni.comWed, Sep 10, 2014