September 28th, 2014

5 Shocking Conspiracy Theories Surrounding the UPSR leaks

Hello and welcome to the CILISOS Conspiracy Corner. Today we’re going to dive deep – so deep we’d reach the other side of the planet – into a topic most Malaysians have been affected by. A topic all 12-year-olds have cried a river over, a topic that have turned the black hairs of parents to greys, a topic so dreaded we only refer to it by its initials… The UPSR a.k.a. Ur Peperiksaan Stress Revisited.

Here’s what we know for sure…

For those who don’t know, the UPSR is THE life of all Malaysian primary school kids. It’s everything these lil guys have been studying for, being told that their life pretty much depended on it.

As students sat down for their exams this year, some did so with a little more confidence than their friends. It wasn’t that they studied harder or were smarter, oh no. What they had was a smartphone and WhatsApp. (Seriously, at 12 years old?!) And apparently, photos of the exam papers were being distributed up to a day beforehand.

Maths paper leaked on WhatsApp. Image from astroawani.com

Maths paper leaked on WhatsApp. Image from astroawani.com

With every paper forevery subject seemingly compromised, students nationwide are to re-sit the papers and go through the stress all over again. In the meantime, the Education Ministry is doing their best to investigate and to come up with a solution to the 473,000 students and 946,000 parents unwittingly caught in this fiasco. Yes, we are assuming each child has two parents.

Deputy Prime Minister/Education Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin apologised to the students and parents for the stress they have to relive, but not everyone was satisfied with it. Johor DAP deputy chairman, S. Ramakrishnan argued that the Education Minister was always apologising for the leakages but the problem kept recurring, referring to the alleged SPM leaks from 2013.

But hey, those are the grownups talking. What’s a story without a say from the immediate victims?

Real victims, ugaiz! Photo courtesy of Josephine Tan

Real victims, ugaiz! Photo courtesy of Josephine Tan

Jia Jieh, the kid on the right, tell us this:









“I’m sad! Angry! I have to sit for Science and Maths again. I already got A for Maths. My teacher marked my paper and I got 36 correct, so that means I actually got A.” – Sim Jia Jieh, 12


And his dear mother:



“Now he has to wait 1 whole month before he can re-sit his papers. Because of that he has to study all over again, so he won’t forget everything he’s learnt. I even bought new books for him to practise.” – Josephine Tan, Jia Jieh’s mother


Tsk. Kesian la.

As the police and MOE are conducting their investigations, other parties are beginning to present theories of their own. Theories which can either be complete nonsense or the actual truth that some people in positions of power will not want you to know.

So whip out those tin foil hats and follow us down this list of 5 probably-maybe conspiracy theories about the UPSR leak:

Theory 1: It’s a racial witch hunt against Tamil schoolteachers!

To date, 10 out of 14 people arrested in connection to the case are teachers from Tamil schools. The Hindu Rights Action Force, better known as Hindraf, are claiming that this is an excuse for a racially-driven witch hunt.

Suspects at the Putrajaya magistrate court. Image from Azinuddin Ghazali on themalaymailonline.com)

Suspects at the Putrajaya magistrate court. Image from Azinuddin Ghazali on themalaymailonline.com

Sounds ridic? Well here are some of the major points brought up by Hindraf Chairman P. Waytha Moorthy:


  1. If the leaked papers were for national (kebangsaan) schools, why were the teachers of Tamil (jenis kebangsaan) schools arrested, especially when the exam papers are different and there was no indication of a leak in those papers then?

  2. A police report for the leaks in Tamil schools were filed 11 days later on September 22nd, after the 10 teachers had already been arrested, and more importantly, after Hindraf had made these accusations.

  3. Are the authorities looking for scapegoats to protect higher-ups within the Education Ministry, none of whom have been investigated or arrested yet?

You can read more about these claims from the following sources: The Malaysian Insider, Free Malaysia Today, The Malaysian Times.

Theory #2: “There’s a secret syndicate run by a network of school teachers!”

In an interview with The Star, Minister of Home Affairs, Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi stated that the police are not ruling out that there could be a syndicate of teachers and other figures within the education system that could provide certain parties with exam papers.

Image from Lim Huey Teng on malaysiakini.com

Image from Lim Huey Teng on malaysiakini.com

Later in the same day, however, he stated that the leaks were NOT the work of a crime syndicate after all. (This was reported by The Malay Mail, The Malaysian Insider, Malaysiakini and Bernama.) Is this an update to an ongoing police investigation? Or perhaps this could just be a play on words, since a “network of school teachers” is not necessarily a “crime syndicate“.

Theory #3: “Someone wants to kenakan Muhiyiddin!”

Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin was reported as being visibly upset over the leaks during his trip to Vientiane, Laos for the 8th Asean Education Minister’s Meeting. The leaks aside, he has reason to believe that it could’ve been carried out by shadow parties with intent to sabotage him personally and the Education Ministry.

Although he was not making any assumptions as to who might have been responsible for the act, he wants the police not to rule out this angle. If true, the conspirators face jail time between 1 to 7 years, according to Section 8 of the Official Secrets Act.



“I consider this an act of sabotage out to affect my integrity and that of my ministry.” – Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin


Image from thestar.com.my

Image from thestar.com.my

Theory #4: “The printer guys did it!”

Throughout the whole snafu, it’s the schoolteachers who’ve come under heavy scrutiny. However, there’s another theory that traces the leak straight to the source: the printers. It makes sense, since UPSR and PMR papers are printed locally while SPM papers are printed at the University of Cambridge, UK. While we don’t know how the process is like at the printing press, it isn’t too hard to imagine someone sneaking off with a copy or a couple of photos on his smartphone to earn a few extra bucks.

Check out the process of how exam papers are prepared:

Exam process

We did this with MS PowerPoint and Paint. Jalan tak? (Points derived from NST, click to read more.)

We should also keep in mind that the examination board follows an 800-page manual of standard operating procedures to prevent leaks, as demonstrated by Second Education Minister Datuk Seri Idris Jusoh who held up a package of what looks like a double sealed bag of sealed bags.

IDRIS JUSOH / SIDANG MEDIA

Sealed for freshness. Image from nst.com.my

With this level of scrutiny to security, and that the photos of the leaked questions were on printed paper, we can only logically conclude that the leak must have happened before or during the bagging process. The Education Ministry has suggested that it might consider printing the UPSR papers overseas next time; which was of course met with a flurry of snide humour…

Image from Yahoo Malaysia on facebook.com

Yahoo! Malaysia’s Facebook commenters are a fun bunch. Photo from Yahoo! Malaysia’s Facebook page.

…and even a comic strip meme.

Comic strip from Malaysian Gags on facebook.com

Comic strip from Malaysian Gags on Facebook.com

Theory #5: “School staff are getting paid to cheat!”

In the pursuit of academic excellence, the government rewards schools who perform splendidly in public exams with monetary incentives. This initiative is called New Deals, of which the criteria includes school GPA scores based on public exams results (i.e. UPSR, PMR and SPM). According to the New Straits Times:


  • School principals will receive RM7,500

  • 5% of their teaching staff who performed well will receive RM1,800

  • The rest of the teachers will receive RM900

  • Support staff will receive RM500

So is it possible that schoolteachers leaked the papers for the incentives? Or could they be just people looking to earn extra cash in selling those papers? Or perhaps – just perhaps – the school, its teachers, and students get ‘fame’ and ‘success’ if they become top-scorers. This last reason could very well be the biggest motivator, explained Professor Datuk Dr. Shamsul Amri Baharuddin of the National Professors’ Council:



“The strongest reason why some people take advantage of the examination by making money from it is because everybody wants to succeed in academia.” - Professor Datuk Dr. Shamsul Amri Baharuddin, The Rakyat Post.


- —– -

So many theories, so little brain cells left to think.

With 5 conspiracy theories laid out, which do you think is the real story? Was it a government ‘covert operation’ to incriminate Tamil schoolteachers? Was it Muhyiddin’s ‘career and character assassins’? Maybe it’s just as simple as greed for money and success that drove perpetrators to the crime. Is there more to the story that what we think? Is that what they wanted us to think? Or is THIS what they wanted us to think? Do we really know anything? Is this the real life or is this just fantasy?

We’ll never know for sure, so we’ll have to wait till the real bad guys get caught. Hopefully. New Jo-Lyn | cilisos.myWed, Sep 24, 2014

Sistem peperiksaan UPSR mendorong kebocoran?

Apabila tercetusnya isu kebocoran kertas soalan peperiksaan Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) yang 'menggegarkan' negara baru-baru ini, perkara paling penting ditanya adakah ini mempunyai kaitan dengan sistem peperiksaan tahap berkenaan? Kita juga mesti curiga dan tertanya-tanya apakah yang membuatkan kertas soalan UPSR menjadi begitu penting hingga ada yang sanggup memijak etika moral dan membocorkannya? Kemaruk A sangat nampaknya.


Kalau kejadian ini disebabkan tidak amanah, polis telah bertindak memburu dan menangkap 14 orang setakat ini. Tetapi bagaimana pula faktor-faktor lain misalnya kemungkinan disebabkan sistem peperiksaan UPSR yang memberikan nilai A lebih besar daripada matlamat melahirkan generasi yang tahu memanfaatkan potensi diri seawal usia 12 tahun?

Walaupun banyak tangkapan dibuat tetapi itu tidak menyelesaikan masalah kemaruk A. Sebab isunya bukan kebocoran. Ia dibocorkan kerana sistem peperiksaan memberikan 100 peratus kepada akademik yakni ujian berformat objektif. Kertas soalan tidak bocor atau kalau dibocorkan sekalipun tidak menjejaskan peperiksaan kalau sistem peperiksaan tidak sepenuhnya berteraskan format objektif.

Maka yang perlu dipersoalkan adakah sistem peperiksaan UPSR relevan dengan tuntutan semasa? Kita memerlukan generasi baharu yang bukan sahaja mendapat banyak A tetapi kualiti sahsiah dan dapat menzahirkan potensi diri. Sesetengah pihak ghairah dengan tangkap sana dan tangkap sini. Tetapi pada masa sama tidak mengkaji faktor-faktor yang memungkinkan wujud kecenderungan untuk membocorkan soalan. Sebabnya dikhuatiri kebocoran ini berpunca daripada sistem yang menekankan akademik semata-mata.

Belum pernah berlaku (berpandukan tiada laporan dalam media) tentang kebocoran soalan peperiksaan untuk murid seawal usia 12 tahun. Ini adalah kes pertama kertas soalan murid tahun enam dibocorkan. Saya berpendapat ini ada kena mengena dengan sistem peperiksaan yang memaksa sesetengah ibu bapa menjadi mangsa sindrom A yang dianggap skala kejayaan dasar pendidikan kita.

Banyak soalan yang perlu ditanya melampaui tangkapan demi tangkapan. Kerana itu, kebocoran ini bukanlah perkara besar walaupun yang melakukannya terlibat kesalahan besar. Tangkapan yang begitu banyak tidak perlu menjadi tanda aras kebertanggungjawaban pihak Kementerian Pendidikan. Sepatutnya sudah ada bedah siasat tentang sistem peperiksaan UPSR yang membuatkan sesetengah ibu bapa begitu kemaruk mahu anak mendapat A terbanyak.

Pada sudut positifnya, kebocoran kertas soalan itu boleh dijadikan satu titik mula untuk melakukan anjakan dalam sistem peperiksaan UPSR. Di sebalik kekecewaan banyak pihak ada hikmah yang jauh lebih besar iaitu membuka satu dimensi baharu menggantikan sisi lapuk sistem peperiksaan UPSR yang tidak ubah pesta sukan, siapa memenangi pingat emas terbanyak dialah yang hebat.

Tangkaplah berapa banyak sekalipun, masalah ini tidak akan selesai kalau sistemnya tetap sama. Sistem yang ada pada hari ini yang mendorong orang membocorkan kertas soalan peperiksaan. Malah sistem itu juga yang memaksa ibu bapa merasakan gelaplah masa depan anaknya kalau jumlah A dalam UPSR sedikit. Ini adalah kesan daripada penekanan yang melampau bahawa kecemerlangan hanya kepada akademik dan mendapat A adalah segala-galanya.

Sesuai dengan keperluan dan perubahan semasa, ujian akademik menyumbang 100 peratus dalam UPSR sudah ketinggalan zaman. Perlu ada nisbah tertentu antara akademik dan kokurikulum misalnya 60 akademik dan 40 kokurikulum, kalau nisbah 50-50 akademik dan kokurikulum dianggap ekstrem. UPSR perlu dianjak seperti Peperiksaan Tingkatan 3 (PT3) menggantikan Penilaian Menengah Rendah (PMR) mulai tahun ini.

Difahamkan PT3 tidak berteraskan akademik sepenuhnya tetapi turut dinilai penglibatan murid dalam sahsiah dan keterampilan dalam aspek kepimpinan. Murid yang mengambil UPSR adalah rebung yang perlu dilenturkan untuk melahirkan generasi yang intelek, cemerlang dalam akademik dan mempunyai nilai kepimpinan yang tinggi. Wawasan 2020 tidak memerlukan manusia menjadi robot, nipis jiwa manusia, tidak kreatif dan patuh tanpa fikir. Ini bukan sifat generasi yang kita inginkan pada masa depan.

Kokurikulum juga mesti diperluaskan ruang litupnya bukan sahaja sukan dan pasukan berunifom tetapi merangkumi program bercorak debat, berteater, kegiatan apresiasi terhadap seni dan budaya kerana semua ini menyumbang kepada kecemerlangan yang lebih menyeluruh kepada kejayaan murid. Apabila dikatakan berteater, bukanlah bermaksud melatih murid menjadi artis. Tetapi kemahiran berteater boleh membina personaliti selain petah dan yakin kepada diri sendiri. Maknanya murid yang cemerlang bukan sahaja banyak A yang dikumpul tetapi celik seni dan budaya, yakin diri dan bijak memanfaatkan pemikiran.

Persepsi bahawa A ialah skala kecemerlangan adalah tidak betul. Malah ini telah memangsakan anak-anak kita seawal usia 12 tahun lagi. Hujah yang sama saya bangkitkan dalam satu mesyuarat Persatuan Ibu Bapa dan Guru (PIBG) apabila ada sesetengah pihak memaksa murid mendapat A untuk Indeks Petunjuk Prestasi (KPI) mereka.

Banyak pihak yang berkemungkinan mendapat manfaat daripada pencapaian murid-murid UPSR mengumpul A. Kita mesti memastikan anak-anak kita bukan jambatan pihak tertentu untuk mencatat KPI termasuk dalam politik. Kalau sistem tidak berubah, tahun depan bocor lagi dan tangkap lagi dan kecoh lagi.   Ku Seman Ku Hussain Utusan/Rencana/20140928

Cermin sejarah, warisan Melayu

PERSIDANGAN Antarabangsa Warisan Patani di Universiti Sains Malaysia Pulau Pinang 23 September lalu menarik perhatian ramai. Isu-isu sejarah, bahasa, seni dan budaya di samping peranan media sosial dalam tamadun Melayu memberi kesan yang mendalam. Persidangan itu memusatkan soal-soal budaya dalam zaman moden yang begitu banyak dicorakkan media sosial serta komunikasi olahan baru yang perlukan dokongan dunia Melayu.


Seminar juga meneliti penggunaan media sosial dalam kerja-kerja promosi bahasa Melayu, sastera dan puisi; Pengajian Melayu dan peradaban Islam di Patani yang memerlukan sentuhan di peringkat antarabangsa dan wilayah; juga dianalisis ialah soal cadangan agar Patani sebagai wilayah Melayu purba tidak terus terapit dalam kancah pergolakan politik fizikal seperti yang dialami pada masa ini.

Prof. Dr. Md Salleh Yaapar, pengerusi persidangan menonjolkan 21 kertas kerja dalam bidang-bidang menarik mengenai capaian warisan dan seni budaya Melayu di samping potensi yang perlu dicapai melalui media sosial. Sentimen kebersamaan pada sidang antarabangsa itu amat jelas. Kedudukan sejarah purba Patani (Fotani - lihat cebisan foto) sebagai kerajaan Melayu merupakan bahan tarikan terkuat. Misalnya aspek sejarah Patani Raya di zaman Langkasuka dan Srivijaya (650-1370) penuh dengan ciri-ciri gemilang. Narathiwat dengan nama Melayunya - Menara; Singgoranama bagi Songkhla. Pulau Phuket dulunya dipanggil Bukit. Nakon Si Thammarat dulu dipanggil Ligor dan Lingga ialah kawasan dekat Surat Thani sekarang. Penelitian sejarah selanjutnya menyingkap kesultanan Patani 1767 yang merdeka dan bebas susulan selesainya Perang Siam-Burma tetapi dijajah semula oleh Raja Rama I bila kemenangan memihak kepada Siam. Patani (dahulu kala dibunyikan Fotani Darussalam) seterusnya berada dalam genggaman Siam. Namun demikian keislaman Pattani tidak luntur dan unsur inilah yang terus memberi kegagahan kepada Patani.

Dalam tempoh abad 6 hingga 7, Patani berada di bawah pengaruh gemilang Srivijaya yang bertalian pemerintahan Langkasuka, satu-satunya kerajaan yang amat disegani lantaran tamadunnya. Di dalamnya termasuk Kedah dan Perlis serta beberapa pelabuhan. Orang Melayu yang beragama Hindu pada abad ke-2 di Lembah Bujang telah menempa zaman tamadun baru dengan kebolehan melebur logam termasuk besi dan emas; membuat alat-alat perhiasan dan senjata sambil mengasaskan perniagaan terus-menerus dengan benua Hindi.

Dengan persekitaran begini Patani berada dalam keadaan selesa untuk meneruskan tamadunnya yang juga diberi sebutan khas oleh beberapa orang pencatat sejarah dari China.Antara nama-nama yang diberi ialah Pan-Pan untuk Patani. Budaya Khmer, Siam dan Melayu berterusan mempengaru-hi kehidupan di Patani di samping budaya Melayu mirip cara hidup Kelantan merebak terus. Di bawah Perjanjian Bangkok 1909, Siam beroleh Patani, Inggeris mendapatkan Kelantan untuk Semenanjung Tanah Melayu.

Penghormatan

Tulisan Sheikh Daud Al-Pattani tahun 1880-an mendapat perhatian antarabangsa apabila Orientalis tersohor Belanda, Snouck Hurgonje memberi penghormatan khas kepadanya di Mekah. Hurgonje menyatakan bahawa tulisan Sheikh Daud merupakan karier bersifat kitabiah tulisan Jawi yang paling produktif bagi abad ke-19. Karier Sheikh Daud yang juga dikenali dengan nama Daud bin Abdullah, mutakhir diberi sanjungan oleh pengkaji tamadun Melayu tersohor masa kini, Virginia Matheson Hooker di dalam bukunya Jawi Literature in Patani: The Maintenance of of An Islamic Tradition.

Terdahulu lagi, Hikayat Patani yang mengandungi pelbagai kisah- legenda bagi tempoh 1690-1730 menjadi masyhur khasnya apabila disunting sendiri oleh orientalis Belanda tersohor, Prof. A Teeuw. Kemudian, sarjana Abdullah Munshi melaksanakan transkripsi khas hikayat tersebut pada tahun 1839. Pusat pengumpul bahan tamadun Amerika, Library of Congress mendapatkannya, lantas disimpan karier tersebut hingga kini. Hikayat Patani juga mengandungi penceritaan Dinasti Kelantan yang khas bagi Raja Bakal dan Alung Yunus. Bagi orang Patani bab tentang Bendahara-Bendahara Patani amat memberi makna kepurbaan yang khusus kerana ia dikatakan menjangkau ke abad 1400 M.

Kajian tentang hal Patani tentunya membawa perasaan nostalgia. Penilaian orang Melayu terhadap kebesaran Patani harus setimpal dengan atau mungkin lebih daripada kerajaan-kerajaan Melayu purba tersohor seperti Srivijaya, Majapahit, Dharmasraya, Aceh, Bugis, Minangkabau, Melaka dan lain-lain pemerintahan 'Malayo' dalam sejarah silam.

Pengkaji dan peneliti anak bangsa seharusnya berasa kagum dan insaf. Di sinilah pentingnya ilmu sejarah dan kajian Melayu senusantara ditingkatkan. Sekurang-kurangnya harus ada anak bangsa yang bercita-cita tinggi untuk jadi pengkaji terbilang, sejarawan terkenal, arkeologis ternama. Jangan biarkan hanya mereka seperti George Coedes (warga Perancis pakar pengaruh budaya India di Tenggara Asia), GDE Hall (sejarawan Tenggara Asia), Parr & Mackray (hal ehwal adat), Josselin de Jong (adat di Minangkabau), MB dan Matheson Hooker (undang-undang adat dan kesusasteraan Melayu lama di Indonesia dan Malaysia), S. Hurgonje (Islam dan Adat), W. Oppenheimer (asal usul dunia Melayu di Sundaland) dan lain-lain pengkaji dunia Melayu yang bertaraf tinggi.

Kumpulan di atas tidak termasuk lagi R. Winstedt, RJ Wilkinson, F. Swettenham dan Gerard Moussey yang gemar mengkaji hal ehwal Melayu dan budaya mereka di Nusantara. Kita mesti adakan kembali nama-nama besar seperti L. Andaya, Taib Osman, Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Hamka, Naquib Al-Atas, Umar Yunus, Asmah Hj Omar, AB Shamsul dan angkatan pengkaji dunia Melayu yang berjiwa serta berkebolehan besar.

Satu cara ialah memperkasakan pusat kajian dunia Melayu Nusantara di dalam dan di luar negara. Merangkul kerjasama Indonesia dalam hal ehwal bahasa Melayu-bahasa Indonesia perlu berada pada tahap tertinggi supaya bahasa serumpun mendapat pengiktirafan dunia. Kita mesti menggalakkan terus wujudnya pusat-pusat pengajian Melayu dan Malaysia di beberapa negara maju demi mensohorkan identiti negara bangsa. Pusat Islam seperti yang diadakan di Universiti Oxford dan Pusat Ottoman-Melayu di Istanbul amat menggalakkan kerana melalui pemusatan akademik seperti itu seribu bahasa akan dapat menjelmakan erti dalaman bagi dunia sebelah sini.

Begitu juga pentingnya kerjasama sedemikian dengan China, Eropah, Jepun dan Korea. Kini ada pusat-pusat dan kerusi pengajian Melayu yang hidup segan mati tak mahu. Siswa kurang tarikan untuk menjadi tokoh besar dalam pengajian dalam hal bangsa dan budaya mereka. Ini disebabkan tiadanya dorongan atau insentif memperhebat kajian tamadun sendiri. Pada masa sama di Korea, Cina, Jepun, Perancis dan lain-lain industri kreatif bangsa masing-masing sedang bercambah dan mengisi poket mereka.

Dengan bersumberkan budaya dan sejarah, dengan mengekspoitasi hikayat, intisari legenda silam, pengajian alam Melayu tersedia dengan elemen tarikan industri budaya. Sejarah kita cukup genap dengan adegan menarik sekalipun kena diokestrasikan sedikit sebanyak oleh cerdik pandai animasi dan historiografi kita.

Memang, ini semua melibatkan kewangan. Tapi amaunnya tidaklah sebanyak mana berbanding tajuk belanjawan kebajikan lain. Kita sedikit akan alah membeli tapi akan menang memakai. Anak bangsa akan celik sejarah, celik budaya di samping berpotensi menang di arena tamadun dan industri budaya sendiri.

Seperti Budi dan Silat, pengetahuan dan amalan tentangnya kian lama kian luntur sedangkan budi dan silat ialah cerminan tamadun Melayu yang menulangi kehidupan bersantun dan kepahlawanan yang hebat semenjak zaman Wan Empuk, Wan Malini di Bukit Siguntang lagi.

Ayuh kita insafi gelutan zaman di Patani sebagai perbandingan kajian dengan kaca mata digital dunia moden. Memang, Melayu tak akan hilang di dunia. Tapi perlu ditanya, budaya dan identiti kita duduk di mana pada tahun 2020? Memperkukuh tamadun sendiri tidak pernah ditakrif sebagai satu kesilapan.

Tan Sri Dr. Rais Yatim ialah Penasihat Sosio-Budaya Kerajaan Malaysia dan Presiden, Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia (UIAM). Utusan/Rencana/20140928

Jamil angkat karya sastera

PEMERGIANNYA pada malam Khamis lalu akibat angin ahmar adalah kehilangan yang sangat dirasai oleh penggiat-penggiat industri filem tempatan. Allahyarham Jamil Sulong seorang pengarah perfileman Melayu yang berkaliber telah mengubah geografi industri perfileman negara sejak era Studio Jalan Ampas di Singapura tahun 1950-an. Jiwanya yang rapat dengan sastera menjadikan sebahagian besar daripada filem arahannya mempunyai nilai seni yang tinggi serta mendalam maknanya.
Jamil Sulong


  1. Born: August 6, 1926  -  September 25, 2014   (age 88), Batu Pahat, Malaysia



  2. Children: Murniaty Jamil, Arjunaidi Jamil, Dr Anwardi Jamil dan Asnadi Jamil.

Bermula sebagai penterjemah di Singapura pada 1950, Jamil semakin dikenali dan kemudiannya telah diangkat sebagai penolong pengarah pada tahun berikutnya. Barangkali banyak yang tidak tahu Jamil adalah antara ahli terawal dalam Angkatan Sasterawan 50 (ASAS 50).

Tokoh-tokoh yang terlibat sama dalam gerakan kesusasteraan ini ialah Usman Awang, Abdul Samad Ismail, Keris Mas, Jimy Asmara, Masuri SN, dan Asraf. Walaupun Jamil tidak dikenali sebagai sasterawan, namun penglibatannya dalam ASAS 50 membuktikan bahawa beliau seorang pejuang sastera pada era tersebut.

Pengaruh sastera yang kuat dalam dirinya membuatkan setiap karya filem yang dihasilkannya berlainan jika dibandingkan dengan karya-karya pengarah-pengarah yang seangkatan dengannya. Elemen sastera menjadi kunci setiap cerita filem arahannya terutamanya yang diadaptasi daripada cerita rakyat seperti Batu Belah Batu Bertangkup, Si Tanggang dan Raja Bersiong.

Ubah budaya India

Perfileman Melayu pada zaman awal banyak menggunakan format cerita dari India. Ini kerana kebanyakan pengarah terawal dibawa dari India oleh kapitalis Cina dari Hong Kong antaranya yang dibawa ke Singapura antaranya B.S Rajhan, L. Krishnan, Phandi Majundar dan banyak lagi.

Namun selepas kehadiran Jamil dalam industri filem Melayu beliau telah mengubah persepsi dari tema kasta atau darjat kepada kisah yang diangkat daripada cerita rakyat. Ini dibuktikan menerusi filem Batu Belah Batu Bertangkup yang lari jauh daripada imej filem India.

Mengambil daripada kisah sastera Melayu, Jamil bijak mengekspresikan sastera rakyat itu ke filem. Budaya Melayu semakin berkembang dalam setiap filem arahannya termasuk Si Tanggang dan Raja Bersiong. Jiwa sastera yang ada dalam dirinya membuatkan setiap filem yang diadaptasi ibarat filem ciptaannya sendiri. Ini diakui sendiri oleh pengkritik filem, A. Wahab Hamzah. Jelasnya kehebatan ilmu sastera yang ada dalam jiwa Jamil membuatkan setiap cerita rakyat yang diadaptasi beliau mempunyai nafas yang baru.

"Sekiranya filem seperti Batu Belah Batu Bertangkup dan Si Tanggang tidak diarahkan oleh Jamil, saya rasa filem tersebut tidak seperti yang kita saksikan.

"Lihat sahaja kekuatan kedua-dua filem tersebut, nilai sastera yang mendalam membuatkan kita lupa bahawa filem tersebut diambil daripada kisah rakyat dan bukannya dicipta oleh Jamil," jelas Wahab ketika dihubungi Mingguan Malaysia kelmarin.

Menghidup suasana suram

Filem Melayu pada akhir 1970-an merupakan era suram. Namun dengan kehebatan yang ada dalam diri Jamil, suasana suram itu kembali ceria dengan hadirnya filem Permintaan Terakhir. Sebelum itu kebanyakan filem Melayu masih lagi leka dengan kisah-kisah cinta dan isu-isu remeh masyarakat, namun Jamil sudah mula membuat langkah baru apabila mengetengahkan isu-isu remaja.Bermula daripada Permintaan Terakhir ini, barulah muncul filem-filem seperti Jiwa Remaja, Semalam Di Malaysia, Sayang Anakku Sayang dan Cinta Dan Lagu.

Kehebatannya dalam memperkenalkan genre baru filem tempatan bukan sahaja menjadi ikutan kepada pengarah-pengarah lain tetapi isu remaja yang dibawa melalui filem-filem arahannya sendiri telah membuka mata masyarakat terhadap isu yang dibawanya itu. Bukan itu sahaja, melalui filem-filem inilah nama-nama seperti Hail Amir, Uji Rashid dan Yusuf Haslam telah dicungkil dan menjadikan industri perfileman ketika itu kembali meriah.

Filem Ranjau Sepanjang Jalan yang diadaptasi daripada novel judul yang sama karya Sasterawan Negara Shahnon Ahmad juga merupakan sebuah filem yang menarik untuk diperkatakan. Walaupun Jamil mendapat kritikan yang hebat terhadap filem arahannya itu kerana dikatakan tidak meletakkan pelakon yang sepatutnya untuk memegang watak utama, namun Ranjau Sepanjang Jalan di tangannya dianggap berjaya.

Pengarah filem, Mior Hashim Manaf menyifatkan filem Ranjau Sepanjang Jalan antara filem adaptasi yang berjaya pernah dihasilkan oleh industri kita. Filem itu mendapat anugerah Cerita Luar Bandar Terbaik pada Festival Filem Asia Pasifik Ke-28 di Taipei 1983.

"Walaupun mendapat kritikan yang hebat terhadap filem itu, namun apa yang dilakukan oleh Jamil merupakan satu perkara yang amat membanggakan sehingga berjaya mendapat anugerah di luar negara.

"Usaha yang dilakukan oleh Jamil sepatutnya dipuji kerana beliau telah berjaya mengangkat seni sastera Melayu kepada tahap yang cukup tinggi," katanya.

Penulis lirik lagu

Mungkin ramai yang tidak mengetahui tentang kebolehan lain selain mengarah filem, Jamil merupakan antara penulis lirik lagu Melayu yang cukup aktif. Rata-rata lirik lagu ciptaannya dijadikan lagu-lagu tema filem antaranya Azizah yang dijadikan sebagai lagu tema filem Penarik Becha. Kebanyakan lirik lagu nyanyian P. Ramlee ialah ciptaan Jamil. Lirik lagu Berkorban Apa Saja, Tiada Kata Secantik Bahasa cukup sinonim dengan P. Ramlee.

Antara lirik lagu lain yang turut dicipta oleh Jamil ialah Selamat Hari Raya Aidilfitri, Tiru Macam Saya dan Merak Kayangan. Nama yang paling banyak tersenarai sebagai penulis lirik bagi lagu-lagu P.Ramlee ialah S. Sudarmaji diikuti oleh Jamil sendiri. Populariti lagu-lagu itu berjaya menaikkan nama P.Ramlee dan filem-filem yang memuatkan lagu berkenaan.

Sayangnya ketika lagu-lagu itu berkumandang, ramai yang tidak menyedari lirik yang puitis tersebut ialah hasil karya Jamil. Malah, hubungannya yang rapat dengan P. Ramlee membuatkan pengarah filem itu yakin karya-karya Jamil untuk dijadikan lagu tema filem-filem arahan P. Ramlee.

Jamil pernah meluahkan kesedihan apabila orang lebih mengenali P. Ramlee berbanding orang yang berkerja di sebalik tabir. Mungkin kerana populariti P. Ramlee membuatkan orang ramai menyangka lirik lagu-lagu itu ialah hasil ciptaan P. Ramlee tanpa mengetahui ia sebuah karya bermakna daripada seorang yang bernama Jamil Sulung. Dengan ilmu sastera yang tinggi, kebanyakan lirik ciptaannya cukup indah dari segi bahasa serta pengamatannya cukup mendalam, itulah kelebihan yang ada pada Jamil.

Selain itu, Jamil juga turut menulis buku. Kali terakhir beliau menghasilkan buku Jamil Sulong: Warisan dan Wawasan dan Kaca Permata : Memoir Seorang Pengarang yang diterbitkan Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP) pada 2008. Beliau turut menulis cerpen, sajak dan melukis komik dan menyertai Ikatan Persuratan Melayu (IPM) di Melaka bersama dengan Usman Awang, Yusof Harun, Mokhtar Yasin dan banyak lagi.

Semasa menjadi penolong pengarah filem di Singapura pada tahun 1951, beliau bertemu dan berkahwin dengan Rosnani. Kemudian beliau dilantik menjadi pengarah filem pada November 1958. Beliau ikut menubuhkan persatuan artis PERSAMA, bersama dengan P.Ramlee dan artis lain di Jalan Ampas. Pada tahun 1967, Jamil berpindah ke Kuala Lumpur setelah 16 tahun di Singapura.

Beliau seterusnya mencatatkan pengalaman dalam bidang perfileman yang merupakan nadi kehidupannya. Jamil meneruskan perjuangannya dalam filem secara aktif hingga tahun 1997 dengan filem terakhirnya Raja Melewar.

Sepanjang hayatnya, Allahyarham yang berusia 88 tahun mengarahkan 26 filem. Walaupun P. Ramlee dikatakan pengarah terhebat negara ini tetapi bagi beberapa pengkaji dan pengkritik, banyak juga filem arahan Jamil mengatasi P. Ramlee.

Jiwa sastera antara membuatkan filem-filem Jamil lebih berseni ada kehalusan berbanding sesetengah filem P. Ramlee. Jamil juga sangat menjaga bahasa dalam filem-filemnya kerana baginya bahasa itu jiwa bangsa. Tidak seperti filem P. Ramlee yang agak kasar bahasanya terutama filem-filem komedi. Jamil telah meninggalkan kepada kita khazanah sastera rakyat yang telah diangkat ke filem. RASDAN AHMAD rasdan_utusan@yahoo.comUtusan/Rencana/20140928

Bermulanya ancaman Red Guards

Saya hendak memulakan pengisahan tentang tindakan ganas pelajar-pelajar sekolah dan universiti semasa Revolusi Kebudayaan di China pada pertengahan 1960-an dengan memetik kata-kata penulis Jung Chang dalam bukunya bertajuk Wild Swans: "Under Mao, generation of teenagers grew up expecting to fight class enemies, and the vague calls in the press for a Cultural Revolution had stoked the feeling that a ‘war’ was imminent. Some politically well-attuned youngsters sensed that their idol, Mao, was directly involved, and their indoctrination gave them no alternative but to take side. By the beginning of June (1966), a few activists from a middle school attached to one of China’s most renowned universities, Qinghua, in Peking, had got together several times to discuss their strategies for the forthcoming battle and had decided to call themselves ‘The Red Guards of Chairman Mao’. They adopted a quotation by Mao that had appeared in the People’s Daily, ‘Rebellion in justified’, as their motto.
The Red Guards







The Red Guards were now free to organise without the restrictions of the Party and, within a few weeks, on the encouragement of Mao's supporters, Red Guard groups had appeared in almost every school in China. Role in the Cultural Revolution

Ada semacam tiga peringkat Revolusi Kebudayaan. Peringkat pertama, untuk menghapuskan sistem pendidikan di China yang dianggap Mao Tse-tung menyemai sikap borjuis (kelas pertengahan) dalam kalangan anak-anak muda China. Tahap kedua untuk menghapuskan amalan-amalan tradisional orang Cina - dan ini termasuk bidang seni dan kebudayaan - yang pada pandangan Mao bertentangan dengan fahaman komunis.

Selepas kedua-dua tahap itu, Revolusi Kebudayaan menghalakan tindakannya terhadap golongan profesional yang dianggap menjalani cara hidup kaum borjuis dan pemimpin parti dan kerajaan yang dituduh Mao sebagai capitalist roaders (mereka yang sukakan sistem kapitalis). Kalau saya boleh meminjam istilah orang Islam, golongan capitalist roaders ini, bagi orang komunis di China pada zaman Mao Tse-tung ialah ‘orang kafir’ dari segi pegangan fahaman komunis.

Pada peringkat permulaan, anggota Red Guards terdiri daripada anak-anak pemimpin kanan Parti Komunis China (PKC) di Beijing. Jiang Qing menganggap mereka sesuai menganggotai Red Guards kerana latar belakang politik keluarga masing-masing dan dipercayai lebih faham tentang isu-isu politik berbanding dengan rakyat China amnya. Jiang Qing sendiri menemui kumpulan pertama Red Guards itu pada awal Julai 1966 dengan membacakan surat perutusan khas daripada Mao Tse-tung yang menyatakan Mao mengalu-alukan penglibatan mereka.

Padah

Dalam surat itu, Mao memberitahu mereka, "Rebellion against reactionaries is justified". Menurut Jung Chang, "To the teenage zealots, this was like being addressed by God. After this, Red Guards sprang all over Peking, and then throughout China (halaman 359)." Mao mahu menjadikan Red Guards sebagai tentera penggempur (shock troops). Dia sedar, rakyat China tidak mengendahkan seruan Mao supaya mereka mengambil tindakan terhadap pihak-pihak - termasuk sesetengah pemimpin PKC - yang dianggap capitalist roaders oleh Mao.

Keengganan mereka menyahut seruan Mao itu sebahagiannya disebabkan oleh takut berulangnya pengalaman hitam pada tahun 1957. Ini ialah peristiwa Let Hundred Flowers Blossom pada tahun itu, di mana Mao meminta rakyat China mengkritik parti komunis dan kerajaan China tanpa sekatan, tetapi mereka yang menyambut seruan Mao telah menerima padah dengan teruknya. Ini saya telah ceritakan dalam coretan saya sebelum ini. Rakyat China menganggap ini taktik sama Mao - ‘enticing the snake out of its haunt in order to cut off its head.’

Sebelum Revolusi Kebudayaan dilancarkan, semua dasar dan arahan disalurkan menerusi sistem penyaluran yang ketat kendalian PKC. Mao mahu menghapuskan sistem itu. Dia mahu bertindak terus dengan muda-mudi massa yang digerakkannya. Ini dibuat menerusi dua cara: melalui retorik-retorik yang samar-samar dan berbelit-belit diluahkan menerusi media. Kedua, menerusi tindakan-tindakan bersifat menghasut, melaga-lagakan dan tipu-helah dengan menggunakan pihak berkuasa Revolusi Kebudayaan yang dikuasai isterinya (Jiang Qing), Lin Biao, Kang Sheng dan Chen Bo-da.

Menurut Jung Chang, Mao Tse-tung betul-betul percaya muda-mudi China mudah digerakkan untuk bertindak ganas (violent). Dia percaya mereka senang dihasut untuk membuat keadaan masyarakat menjadi huru-hara dan kacau-bilau kerana menurut Mao, mereka mempunyai tenaga yang tak terbatas. Tetapi, kata Jung Chang, untuk merangsang mereka bertindak ganas, perlulah ada mangsanya. Kata Jung, sekolah-sekolah merupakan sasaran paling sesuai dan nyata untuk dibaham oleh Red Guards.

Kesengsaraan

Kata Jung Chang, "The most conspicuous targets in any school were the teachers, some of whom had already been victimised by work teams (of The Red Guards) and the school authorities in the last few months. Now, the rebellious children set upon them (teachers). Teachers were also often better targets than parents who could only have been attacked in an isolated manner. They were also more important figures of authority than parents in Chinese culture. In practically every school in China, teachers were abused and beaten, sometimes fatally. Some school children set up prisons (in their schools) in which teachers were tortured (halaman 360)."

Menjelang pertengahan Ogos 1966, tindakan-tindakan keganasan oleh Red Guards di seluruh China sejak bulan Jun itu, tidak mendatangkan kesan yang diharapkan, pada pandangan Mao Tse-tung. Belum cukup teruk, kata Mao, mengikut kehendaknya dari segi kesengsaraan manusia dan kerosakan serta kemusnahan harta benda. Dia mahukan beberapa siri perhimpunan raksasa diadakan di Dataran Tiananmen, Beijing dan dia sendiri akan hadir. Mao sendiri hendak membakar semangat muda-mudi Red Guards.

Perhimpunan raksasa itu pertama kali diadakan pada 18 Ogos 1966 di Dataran Tiananmen dihadiri lebih satu juta pelajar sekolah dan universiti yang datang dari seluruh pelosok China. Ini dituruti dengan tujuh perhimpunan raksasa lagi di Dataran Tiananmen yang keseluruhannya menyaksikan kehadiran lebih daripada 13 juta pelajar dari seluruh China.

Semasa perhimpunan yang pertama, Mao tidak memberi ucapan. Lin Biao, yang berdiri bersebelahan Mao, memberi ucapan berapi-api bagi pihak Mao. Ini sebetulnya pertama kali Lin Biao memberi ucapan di atas nama Mao di khalayak umum. Menurut Jung Chang, selepas perhimpunan 18 Ogos itu - serta tujuh perhimpunan lain dalam minggu-minggu berikutnya - "Red Guards all over China took to the streets going full vent to their vandalism, ignorance and fanaticism. They raided people’s houses, smashed their antiques, tore paintings and works of calligraphy. Bonfires were lit to consume books. Very soon, nearly all treasures in private collections were destroyed.

"Many writers and artists committed suicide after being cruelly beaten and humiliated, and being forced to witness their work being burned to ashes. Museums were raided. Palaces, temples, ancient tombs, statues, pagodas, city walls - anything ‘old’ was pillaged. The few things that survived, such as the Forbidden City (where the Tiananmen Square is), did so only because Premier Chao En-lai sent the army to guard them, and issued orders (by Chao) that they should be protected. The Red Guards only pressed on when they were encouraged (halaman 361)." Kata Jung Chang lagi, "Mao hailed The Red Guards’ actions as ‘Very good, indeed!’ and ordered the nation to support them (halaman 361)."

Dalam coretan minggu hadapan saya akan mengisahkan lagi pemikiran gila dan nafsu buas Mao Tse-tung untuk melebarkan tindakan-tindakan ganas Red Guards ke tahap ketiga iaitu terhadap golongan profesional, para cendekiawan, penulis dan artis di China selain pemimpin-pemimpin kanan PKC yang dianggap menentangnya. Abdul Rahim Noor Utusan/Rencana/20140928

Bocor kertas soalan perbuatan terkutuk

Kunta Kinte tak ada kena mengena dengan Kementerian Pendidikan atau kerajaan. Tapi Kunta Kinte peduli dengan tugas dan tanggungjawab mereka.

Jadi Kunta Kinte turut rasa malu dengar apa yang orang ramai kata dan apa yang Kunta Kinte baca dalam surat khabar berkenaan kertas soalan Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah (UPSR) bocor.

Zaman Internet ni apa saja yang orang kata kita boleh tahu melalui pelbagai saluran media sosial. Kunta Kinte tak tahulah sama ada orang Kementerian Pendidikan dan kerajaan ada dengar jenaka Internet itu. Kalau mereka dengar, Kunta Kinte rasa mereka ambillah iktibar dan buatlah yang terbaik dan yang betul.

Bagi Kunta Kinte malu sangatlah bila dalam sistem pendidikan yang kita amanahkan untuk lahirkan generasi terpelajar dan berhemah tiba-tiba ada orang yang sanggup buat kerja jahat dan kerja khianat. Kunta Kinte tahu hanya segelintir kecil saja guru yang buat kerja terkutuk itu tapi kesannya semua guru kena.


Kita tak mahulah lagi kerap dan lagi kuat kita canang kecanggihan sistem persekolahan dan peperiksaan kita, lagi mudah dan lagi kerap soalan bocor, soalan silap dan macam-macam lagi kerenah. Nak salahkan ibu bapa dan murid marah dan pertikai kewibawaan sistem peperiksaan pun susah juga. Memang betul pun ada hal-hal yang tak patut berlaku, tapi berlaku.

Ada guru, pegawai pendidikan marah

Kunta Kinte yakin di kalangan guru dan pegawai pendidikan yang tekun dan ikhlas mereka pun marah dengan rakan mereka yang menyeleweng. Tentu mereka sedar yang perbuatan jahat sebilangan kecil rakan mereka menyebabkan ramai murid dan ibu bapa kecewa, tertekan dan hilang keyakinan.

Zaman kuno Kunta Kinte bersekolah dan ambil peperiksaan, tak ada pula kita dengar soalan bocor atau silap. Ada tak ada pun kertas soalan tak sampai atau lambat sampai sebab sistem pengangkutan yang serba kekurangan.

Kunta Kinte rasa tak cukup dengan janji dan ikrar saja. Kementerian dan kerajaan wajib siasat sampai ke lubang cacing dan hukum pihak-pihak yang buat kerja jahat itu.

Maaf cakaplah kalau Kunta Kinte kata, Kunta Kinte dah mangli dengan janji macam ini. Jadi Kunta Kinte akan percaya hanyalah apabila orang yang buat kerja terkutuk itu disumbat ke dalam penjara.

Macam itu jugalah dengan pendakwaan ke atas ramai pegawai kastam atas tuduhan rasuah. Selagi tak sabit kesalahan dan tak dihumban ke dalam jel, Kunta Kinte tak akan percaya.

Kita dah tengok banyak kes rasuah, salah guna kuasa dan pecah amanah yang babitkan berbilion ringgit dibuang kes kerana penyiasatan dan pendakwaan yang hambar. Punya hambar sampai tak berani merayu kepada mahkamah yang lebih tinggi.

Ada orang kata, siasatan kukuh tapi pendakwaan lemah. Kalau siasatan tak kukuh, macam mana Pejabat Peguam Negara setuju dakwa. Tapi bila dibicarakan kena buang kes. Kes kuat tapi tak sabit kesalahan. Salah siapa tu?

Macam mana pun, kita harap Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) dan polis tak tawar hati siasat kes rasuah dan jenayah walaupun bila dibawa ke mahkamah tak sabit kesalahan.

Pelajaran akhlak bentuk nilai baik

Kunta Kinte tak tahulah sama ada dalam kurikulum sekolah sekarang ada mata pelajaran akhlak. Dulu ada. Di sekolah biasa ada, di sekolah agama belah petang pun ada.

Bagi Kunta Kinte, pelajaran asas akhlak inilah yang bentuk budi pekerti, sopan santun dan nilai-nilai baik dalam diri kanak-kanak supaya bila dewasa mereka hormat orang tua, patuh undang-undang dan peraturan, bertimbang rasa dan ada integriti.

Ingatlah peringatan nenek moyang kita:

Pergi memburu di padang datar

Dapat rusa belang kaki

Kalau berguru kepalang ajar

Ibarat bunga kembang tak kaji.


Wallahuaklam. Kunta Kinte Berita Harian Kolumnis AHAD, 28 SEPTEMBER 2014 @ 10:46 AM

Ratu cantik enggan pulangkan mahkota

YANGON: Ratu Cantik Myanmar yang ditarik balik gelarannya berkata, beliau tidak akan memulangkan mahkota bernilai $100,000 (RM316,000) sehingga penganjur pertandingan itu meminta maaf kerana menggelar beliau penipu dan pencuri.

Pemenang Ratu Asia Pasifik Dunia 2014, May Myat Noe



RATU Cantik Myanmar, May Myat Noe. - Foto EPA

Pemenang Ratu Asia Pasifik Dunia 2014, May Myat Noe, menegaskan dalam sidang akhbar hari ini beliau tidak melakukan sebarang kesalahan.

Beliau menafikan melakukan pembedahan membesarkan payu dara, seperti didakwa pengarah media bagi pertandingan di Korea Selatan itu, David Kim.

Katanya, pembedahan disediakan secara percuma untuk membantu meningkatkan kemasyhuran Noe.

Kim berkata, gelaran remaja berkenaan ditarik balik kerana beliau tidak jujur dan tidak berterima kasih dan melarikan diri dengan mahkota itu.

Noe berkata, beliau menaiki pesawat kembali ke Myanmar tanpa menyedari gelarannya sudah ditarik balik. - AP   Berita Harian Dunia SELASA, 2 SEPTEMBER 2014 @ 9:04 PM

Ratu cantik tuntut permohonan maaf sebelum serah mahkota

NAYPYIDAW: Penganjur pertandingan Ratu Cantik Asia Pasifik di Korea Selatan mengancam untuk membuat laporan polis dalam usaha mereka menuntut supaya ratu cantik Myanmar, May Myat Noe mengembalikan semula tiara yang dimenangi yang didakwa dilarikan ke negara asal wanita itu.

Pengasas pertandingan itu, Choi Youn mendakwa May Myat Noe lari bersama tiara terbabit yang dianggarkan bernilai AS$100,000 yang dimenanginya di Korea Selatan Mei lalu selepas beliau menjadi ratu cantik pertama di peringkat antarabangsa.

"Perkara ini sekarang adalah membabitkan imej dan reputasi negara dan beliau perlu ditahan kerana melarikan tiara itu," kata Choi kepada Reuters di Seoul.
Ni mukan kaum Rohingnya loorr !


RATU cantik Myanmar, May Myat Noe. - Foto EPA


Katanya, pihak penganjur bercadang untuk melaporkan perkara itu kepada polis.

Kelmarin, ratu cantik berkenaan yang ditarik balik gelarannya atas dakwaan menipu dan tidak jujur menegaskan hanya akan memulangkan semula tiara kemenangannya jika penganjur ratu cantik Korea Selatan itu memohon maaf.

Beliau turut menafikan mendapatkan rawatan pembesaran buah dada secara percuma.

Penganjur juga mendakwa May lari bersama mahkota terbabit selepas menjalani pembedahan implan buah dada bernilai AS$10,000 yang dibiayai penganjur untuk meningkatkan karier nyanyiannya.

May Myat Noe dalam satu sidang media di Yangon kelmarin berkata beliau masih lagi seorang ratu apabila pulang ke negaranya bersama tiara terbabit.

Beliau hanya menerima surat memaklumkan beliau digugurkan gelaran itu selepas tiba di tanah airnya.

Katanya, beliau hanya akan mengembalikan tiara itu selepas menerima satu permohonan maaf dari penganjur yang menyebarkan pembohongan mengenai dirinya yang turut menjejaskan 'maruah negaranya'.

"Sebaik saja semua dijelaskan, saya akan kembalikan tiara ini secara sukarela," katanya yang turut mendakwa penganjur di Myanmar memalsukan umurnya dari 16 kepada 18 tahun.

Katanya, penganjur di Korea Selatan pula cuba memujuknya menjalani pembedahan membesarkan buah dada tetapi beliau enggan melakukannya.

Antara tuduhan lain, May Myat Noe berkata, penganjur juga meminta beliau untuk 'mengiringi beberapa jutawan sekiranya mereka meminta berbuat demikian dalam usaha untuk mendapatkan wang bagi menghasilkan album beliau sebagai seorang penyanyi.

Choi yang juga bekas ratu cantik menafikan dakwaan itu.

"Tidak sama sekali. Ia adalah tidak benar." - Reuters Berita Harian Dunia RABU, 3 SEPTEMBER 2014 @ 10:51 PM

Doing first things first

STEPHEN Covey of The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People fame was emphatic that to be highly effective in the public sphere, one must first be successful in private life.

He made this very clear when he said: “You can't invert that process any more than you can harvest a crop before you plant it.”

This is in relation to the first three habits — being proactive, beginning with the end in mind and doing first things first.

In other words, it means sorting out what is personal to you as an individual so that you can be truly independent and dependable before attempting to claim public victory.

Since success in the public eye encompasses wider social complexities founded on effective interdependence, “private” reliability is vital.

Without it, the chances of failure are higher, let alone being effective.

Private victories generally come about from “winning” intense private battles, be it involving filial relationship, finances, health or other challenges at the workplace. Yet each battle is being overcome with discipline, determination as well as commitment, which have been cultivated through habits but not limited to those advocated by Covey, away from the public eye.

Indeed each habit becomes a plus factor when, or if, it is revealed in the public domain and can even continue to support ensuing public victories.

This rule of thumb is simple but remains vital especially to those in public office or aspire to be in the public sphere.

Once you are a public personality, your life is an open book.

Take the case of celebrities whose private lives come under public scrutiny.

Social media users are reminded to think before posting anything because it can come back to haunt you. The skeleton in the cupboard surfaces more vividly in this day and age.

Take former US Secretary of State Colin Powell as an example.

He was not keen to be a presidential candidate because he did not want to be subjected to inordinate media and public scrutiny, particularly as the first African American to run for office.

Reportedly, he valued his privacy more.

In fact, little is known about his family life despite his widely publicised work ethics and humble beginnings which are the credentials that propelled him into the highest office in the military.

This is a case of a person of high integrity and a public icon who still shied away from the public eye.

But not everyone is like Colin Powell.

Many are lured by the limelight and seduction of power, wealth and fame, sometimes at the risk of bringing to life the many skeletons in the cupboard.

In such cases, the so-called public victories can be found wanting because the private ones are in shambles.

Those in leadership positions are not dependable or trustworthy. More often than not, their word is mere lip service, and their actions no more than opportunities for even more publicity to convince others of their self-worth.

They have no qualms about lying from time to time to make things look credible, without any sense of guilt or shame as long as the ends justify the means.

In politics, this is justified as “the art of possible”, but everyone knows that it is a shameless form of deception that many have mastered well to survive.

Covey even implied that their private victories are won through lies and deception, even to loved ones.

To borrow another of Covey’s expression, their “emotional bank account” is overdrawn making them vulnerable publicly.

If they are prepared to deceive even their loved ones, chances are they will also fool the rakyat.

But as the saying goes, we deserve the person we chose — or chosen on our behalf — to lead us. DZULKIFLI ABDUL RAZAK - NST Learning Curve 28 SEPTEMBER 2014 @ 8:03 AM

Restore credibility and confidence in public exams

THE Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah papers leakage has caused tremendous anxiety for both students and their parents.

A few suggestions or options have been offered by concerned citizens as to how to proceed from here, taking into consideration the credibility of the many examinations, which are set on our shores.

Despite some affirmative actions that have been taken to address the leakage and to restore the credibility of the Examination Syndicate and public confidence, the syndicate and its mother body, the Education Ministry, will have to go beyond just setting up an inquiry committee to probe what had happened and consider firm actions that will lead to the restoration of public confidence, failing which, the damage can be very far-reaching.

Examination leakage is a very serious matter as it can hugely tarnish the issuing body and render its certificates useless, substandard and questionable. To cause damage is easily done, but to restore public confidence and acceptance of the certificates are totally another thing.

We cannot discount the possibility that there might have been leakages before that has gone unreported, but this time around, because it appears to be on a bigger scale, the impact cannot be simply ignored.

As one who takes education seriously, I suggest either the students resit for all the UPSR papers as we cannot discount the fact that the leakage may not be confined only to the papers in question but also to the entire examination itself or to just sit for the papers that were found to be leaked if at all the power that be is confident the other papers were not leaked.

This is not the first time such incident has happened. In fact, it has occurred few times before, including the Certificate of Legal Practice leakage in 2001 which caused a serious dent to the credibility and acceptability of the entire examination process, starting with the setting of the questions and prior to the distribution of the papers in the examination hall.

I am sure both students and their parents are extremely upset over what has happened. On the one hand, students are upset that they have to resit the leaked papers, while parents are concerned about the mental and emotional state of their children who have to go through this unnecessary ordeal. It is going to be very rough and tough for both students and parents at this stage but we have to put the matter to right, so as not to cause doubt over the UPSR certificates. Much has to be done to restore public confidence and the government has to consider all necessary measures to put the matter to right. Dr Tan Eng Bee, Kajang, Selangor NST Letters 26 SEPTEMBER 2014 @ 8:09 AM

Perginya Pak Jamil

Masih jelas terbayang wajah ceria dan bahagia pasangan ini ketika diraikan keluarga dan teman sempena ulang tahun perkahwinan mereka ke-60 pada 9 November tahun lalu.

Dua insan bertuah yang melangsungkan perkahwinan pada 12 November 1953 ini ialah Datuk Jamil Sulong dan Datuk Rosnani Jamil.

Undangan daripada Rosnani yang mesra dengan panggilan Mak Nani ke majlis yang berlangsung di Restoran Saloma Bistro, Jalan Ampang itu ibarat satu perhormatan buat saya untuk turut sama meraikan hari bersejarah mereka bersama tetamu lainnya.

Duduk di kerusi roda dan dikelilingi tetamu, Pak Jamil tetap ramah dan sabar melayan tetamu yang i­ngin mengabadikan gambar bersama.

Dikurniakan empat anak iaitu Murniaty, Arjunaidi, Anwardi dan Asnadi, pasangan ini mempunyai impian tinggi menggunung untuk melihat anak mereka belajar hingga ke peringkat lebih tinggi.



MAK Nani dan Pak Jamil ketika diraikan sempena ulang tahun perkahwinan mereka ke-60, tahun lalu.
Bagi saya, pasangan ini sungguh istimewa. Bukan hanya kerana mampu mempertahankan ikatan perkahwinan lebih 60 tahun, malah membuktikan anak seni mampu membesarkan anak menjadi insan berguna.

Dikurniakan empat anak iaitu Murniaty, Arjunaidi, Anwardi dan Asnadi, pasangan ini mempunyai impian tinggi menggunung untuk melihat anak mereka belajar hingga ke peringkat lebih tinggi.

Tidak ramai anak rakan mereka berjaya melanjutkan pelajaran, malah ramai menjadi pelakon tambahan ketika itu.

Kata Mak Nani, mereka dicemuh rakan apabila tidak membenarkan anak menjadi pelakon tambahan sebagaimana anak rakan lain.

Walau sesibuk mana pun, Mak Nani dan Pak Jamil sanggup bergilir-hilir menghantar anak mereka ke sekolah dan tidak sekali-kali melepaskan mereka menaiki bas sendirian.

Berkongsi detik bahagia hidup bersama, Mak Nani mengatakan mereka adalah dua individu yang sangat berbeza, ibarat siang dan malam. Pak Jamil yang dipanggil abah, suka duduk di rumah dan tidak suka berkawan, berbeza de­ngannya.

Mak Nani yang dilahirkan di Kampung Sungai Geringiang, Padang, Indonesia pada 20 Januari 1936, disatukan dengan Pak Jamil dari Parit Sulong, Johor di Boon Teck Road, Singapura pada 12 November 1953 selepas lebih setahun mengenali hati budi.

Ketika itu usia Mak Nani baru 18 tahun dan meniti zaman kegemilangan sebagai bintang filem, manakala Pak Jamil yang beza usia 10 tahun adalah penolong pengarah.

Kata Mak Nani, ia bukan cinta pandang pertama atau cinta agung seperti kisah Uda dan Dara, tetapi mereka saling mengenali kerana tinggal berjiran di kawasan perumahan yang menempatkan anak seni.

Sebagai bintang filem diminati ramai, Mak Nani diberi satu lot rumah sebaris dengan pelakon wanita lain seperti Kasma Booty, Siput Sarawak dan Maria Menado (Datuk) manakala Pak Jamil tidak jauh dari rumahnya yang dihuni bersama rakan bujang lainnya.

Rumah Mak Nani sering menjadi tempat mereka melepak, termasuk Pak Jamil, kerana neneknya suka memasak. Apabila Mak Nani belajar kelas malam, Pak Jamil sanggup menemaninya kerana bimbangkan keselamatannya.

Abangnya menyarankan mereka disatukan memandangkan ketika itu ramai melamar adiknya. Mereka akur dan disatukan di kuarters itu. Ketika itu Mak Nani berlakon filem Airmata dan Pak Jamil sebagai penolong pengarahnya.

Pada usianya kini, Mak Nani bersyukur diberi kesihatan yang baik supaya dapat menjaga suami yang kurang sihat. Katanya, segala suka duka dilalui bersama, segala jerih payah diharungi jua dalam memastikan ikatan suci yang terjalin terus mekar.

Mereka juga saling melengkapi satu sama lain dalam meniti usia senja. Doa dan harapannya cuma satu, supaya perkahwinan mereka kekal hingga ke akhir hayat.

Tanggal 26 September 2014 menjadi detik perpisahan buat dua insan ini apabila Pak Jamil menghembuskan nafas terakhir di sisi Mak Nani dan anak di rumah Arjunaidi di Bukit Utama, Damansara akibat serangan angin ahmar.

Allahyarham yang berusia 88 tahun menerima rawatan di Pusat Perubatan Universiti Malaya (PPUM) sejak 28 Ogos lalu dan koma sejak tiga minggu lalu. Bagaimanapun, doktor membenarkan keluarga membawanya pulang dari PPUM jam 11 pagi, Khamis lalu.

Ketika itu difahamkan, ke­adaannya stabil walaupun dalam keadaan koma tetapi tiba-tiba sesak nafas dan meninggal dunia jam 9.35 malam dalam keadaan tenang.

Jenazah dimandikan, dikafankan dan disembahyangkan di Masjid Al-Ghufran, Pinggiran Taman Tun Dr Ismail sebelum dikebumikan di Tanah Perkuburan Islam Janda Baik, Bentong, Pahang, selepas solat Jumaat.



MAK Nani menyiram pusara suaminya di Tanah Perkuburan Janda Baik.
Anak kedua, Anwardi, 55, reda dengan pemergian ayahnya yang disifatkan pergi dengan cara yang baik, sangat mudah dan pada malam Jumaat, 1 Zulhijjah.

“Kami terima seadanya kerana Allah SWT lebih sayangkannya,” katanya.

Jenazah dimandikan, dikafankan dan disembahyangkan di Masjid Al-Ghufran, Pinggiran Taman Tun Dr Ismail sebelum dikebumikan di Tanah Perkuburan Islam Janda Baik, Bentong, Pahang, selepas solat Jumaat.

Difahamkan, Allahyarham mahu bercuti di rumah mereka di Janda Baik tetapi tidak kesampaian apabila diserang penyakit angin ahmar.

Dilahirkan di Parit Sulong, Batu Pahat, Johor pada 6 Ogos 1926, Allahyarham adalah anak Melayu ketiga diberi kepercayaan mengarahkan filem Melayu di MFP, Si­ngapura selepas P Ramlee dan Haji Mahadi.

Filem pertamanya, Batu Belah Batu Bertangkup dihasilkan pada 1957, diikuti filem klasik Si Tanggang dan Lela Manja.

Allahyarham adalah pengarah filem Melayu kedua paling ba­nyak mengarah filem (26 filem) dan karyanya paling banyak merangkul anugerah di persada antarabangsa.

Antara filemnya yang terkenal ialah Bidasari, Raja Bersiong, Gerak Kilat, Jiwa Remaja, Sayang Anakku Sayang, Jasmin dan Ranjau Sepanjang Jalan. Filem lain ialah Batu Belah Batu Bertangkup, Raja Laksamana Bentan, Si Tanggang dan Lela Manja.

Selain bidang perfileman, Allahyarham dikenali sebagai penulis lirik untuk lagu nyanyian Seniman Agung Tan Sri P Ramlee. Antaranya Berkorban Apa Saja, Tiru Macam Saya, Engkau Laksana Bulan, Merak Kayangan, Selamat Hari Raya Aidilfitri dan Azizah.

Allahyarham menerima gelaran Datuk pada 2001 dan pernah menghasilkan buku memoir Kaca Permata yang diterbitkan Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Hanya Anwardi mengikut jejaknya sebagai pengarah manakala seorang cucunya, Diandra Arjunaidi meminati muzik. Arjunaidi menjadi kapten pesawat Penerba­ngan Malaysia (MAS) manakala Asnadi jurutera dan bermastautin di New Jersey, Amerika Syarikat.

Kepulangan Allahyarham satu kehilangan besar dalam industri seni negara dan sukar dicari ganti. Semoga ditempatkan bersama orang beriman. Harian Metro Selebriti 28/09/2014

Sending the right signals

Teaching is a special calling that calls for respect and integrity which should not be compromised.

IT was a shock to hear last week of a secondary school teacher being punched by a student who had earlier been expelled for disciplinary problems.

The 16-year-old boy returned to the school in Puchong, Selangor, with two friends and punched the teacher when she asked why they were loitering around the school.

The teacher received four stitches for a gash above her eyebrows that was said to have been caused by a ring worn by the boy.

It was an unkind cut that no teacher deserves and the boys were subsequently detained and will be duly dealt with by the education authorities and the law.

The incident occurred just a few days after the school and the community in the Putra Perdana neighbourhood launched an “anti-ponteng (truancy)” drive that also involved the police, health department, and religious and anti-drugs authorities.

The school and community leaders had organised the campaign not only to curb incidents of truancy but also to nip in the bud related disciplinary problems like smoking, vandalism, bullying and even cases of students making out in the school grounds.

The campaign was a sterling example of teachers coming together with parents, the community and the authorities not only to tackle disciplinary problems but also to restore respect for and integrity of the teaching profession and learning institution.

For sure, certain events recently seem to have implied that teachers these days are more concerned about being politically correct in social and civil issues than being true to their profession.

Not too long ago, a group of teachers picketed against the school-based assessment system (PBS) and several of them reportedly said they were not afraid of the repercussion of joining the protest.

Then there were the academics who joined varsity students to picket in support of a law lecturer facing sedition charges.

And now, a headmaster and several teachers have been identified as suspects behind the leak of papers for the UPSR examinations. Because of the leak, the pupils will have to resit the papers involved, including English and Science.

But let’s not be too quick to judge that just because of several spoilt apples, the whole basket is filled with rotten fruits.

Already, teachers are bogged down by teaching, marking students’ work, catching up on the latest teaching modules and being minders to the pupils during school hours.

Indeed, teaching is a special calling. It is not a job to suit everyone and there have been cases where teachers leave within the first three to five years of taking up the job.

Those who are dedicated are focused on only one thing: to nurture the potential of their pupils or students. Often, they make themselves available to the students, parents and even the community after school hours to do this.

Teaching is a complicated job as it demands broad knowledge, enthusiasm, a caring attitude and a love of learning.

Getting a student to understand a difficult concept can be exhilarating for a teacher. And when she or he actually reaches out to a weak student whom others may have written off, it can truly be worth all the headaches that come with the job.

Teachers help to shape the future for students each day in class, and they often see the students more consistently day-to-day than parents.

While not every student will succeed, it should not keep a teacher from believing that everyone has the potential to achieve greatness.

Some teachers may be grouchy when dealing with the kids under their care but they should not give the picture that it is all right to rebel against the authorities or to cheat in examinations.   Associate editor Shah A. Dadameah believes that in school or campus, the teacher is the role model and figure of authority. The STAR Home News Opinion Equal Ground Sunday September 28, 2014 MYT 12:42:36 PM

The joy of winning and losing

A little defeat here and there, not only in our school years, but throughout life itself, is good for all of us.

WE all know Nicol David. But not many will immediately know Low Wee Wern, even though both of them were in the same court battling for gold in the squash final at Incheon on Tuesday.

Nicol at 31 is a household name while Wee Wern, 24, is only slowly beginning to get noticed at home. But these are the top two women players from Malaysia in the world today, with Nicol at No 1 and Wee Wern at No 7.

That we have Wee Wern at No 7 is good news as it means that she could be a future No 1 like Nicol. So even if she did not win gold, we should rejoice in her getting a silver. In this situation, there is joy in winning, and in losing.

I was trying to explain this principle to a group of students on Wednesday at the Star-NIE Tale Spin 2014 contest. I was one of the judges and at the feedback session after the prize-giving ceremony, I could see the look of disappointment on the faces of the losing finalists.

In the three categories – primary, lower secondary and upper secondary – the two finalists in each category were given a short time to act out the story boards that they had submitted. This is a big victory in itself when you consider that more than 30,000 entries were received and only these six teams got to the final stage.

I must say that all of them were good, excellent in fact, and the margin of victory in all the categories was very slim. But there had to be a winner, and a loser. So, at the feedback session, some of these very young students wanted to know what went wrong.

I guess it is only natural, in the competitive environment society has created, that one cannot feel great coming out second.

I wish I could declare all of them winners, but such is life, and I tried my best to tell them that they had impressed all the judges not only with their presentations, but also their English communication skills. If they continue to excel in English, which is so rare among our schoolchildren, the future for them is bright indeed.

Winston Churchill said, “Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts.” Or, as my favourite basketball player Michael Jordan puts it, “I’ve failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed.”

I have written many times in this column that it is the journey, not the destination, that makes life meaningful. Our milestones will mark both success and failure, joy and despair.

I am sure all these students, and teachers, spent lots of time preparing for the big day. To win would be a big bonus, but there surely must be great value in the hours of hard work working as a team, the creative juices that flowed, the camaraderie, the laughter and the tears.

I know. I have been through all that before. I was a school debater and it hurt when the other team, especially from our rival school, beat us.

But I knew, even back then, that my English skills in writing and speaking would take me places one day. A little defeat here and there, not only in our school years but throughout life itself too, is good for all of us. Yes, there is joy in victory. But there can also be joy in defeat. Executive editor Soo Ewe Jin is not very good at being a judge because he wants everyone to win, so long as he is convinced that they have given their best. The STAR Home > Opinion > Columnists Sunday Starters Sunday September 28, 2014 MYT 12:00:00 AM

Perspective: Honest to a fault

THE following story is dedicated to honesty, trustworthiness and integrity. Even before the fast food era, when we pay first, there was a man who would do just that when he dined at restaurants. This was in the 1920s and 1930s in Taiping, Perak. When asked why, he replied that he did not want to be in debt if he were to die while having his meal.

This is the story of Elyas Ahmad. Elyas was a forest ranger in Perak in the 1930s. At the age of 44 then, he received a salary of $70 a month from the coffers of the Federated Malay States.

Elyas, who was based in the Larut Matang district, had his fair share of death-threatening situations. Aziz Ishak, in Mencari Bako In Search of Roots, 1983)



Elyas and his assistants kept an eye out for the illegal felling of mangrove trees.

The story goes that on his payday every month, Elyas would be “caught” in the grievances and misfortunes of his relatives and friends.

These people would get his sympathy, and by the time he reached his house, his monthly income would be much reduced along the way.

Then, few Malays held positions in the Forestry Department. The highest position was deputy assistant junior officer. Elyas was a senior forest ranger.

He was known to his British senior officers for his honesty, dedication and discipline. Corruption and being easily pandering to temptations were not his traits.

Elyas, who was based in the Larut Matang district, had his fair share of death-threatening situations. Aziz Ishak, in Mencari Bako (In Search of Roots, 1983) related the story of his uncle and his grandfather Ahmad Abdullah Jenaton. Aziz, who has written many books on his travels, his detention and his family, was the Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives under the Cabinet of Tunku Abdul Rahman.

As a forestry officer in Larut Matang, Elyas had to oversee, among others, areas resided by fishermen and the Chinese community in villages such as in Pasir Hitam, Kuala Jarum Mas and Londang.

The waters of the mangrove vegetation were bounty for the surrounding community.

It was incumbent upon the Forestry Department to protect the mangrove trees. These can be seen today in areas such as Matang, as we drive towards Kuala Sepetang (formerly Port Weld).

The department issued licences for the fishermen to cut the mangrove trees. They were under the watchful eyes of Elyas and his colleagues who were mindful of the frequent illegal felling of the trees.

When Elyas saw that illegal falling of the trees was rampant, he went into action.

While patrolling the area at Londang, he stumbled upon a group of Chinese illegally felling mangrove trees. There were 12 of them. With Elyas were two assistants. They were naturally overpowered.

All three were tied and taken back to the kampung in Londang. There they were shoved into a box and brought out to sea, hoping that they would sink at high tide.

The sea, as it turned out, refused to conspire. According to Aziz, the perpetrators would have to wait for four more hours for the tide to rise. Time was on their side when the leader of the perpetrators, who was in Taiping earlier, arrived, and ordered Elyas and his assistants to be released.

The leader pleaded with his men, and told them that Elyas was only carrying out his duty and has no intention of denying them their livelihood from the mangrove and the sea.

Later, Elyas charged the 12 men for stealing mangrove trees. He did not mention the crime of the attempted murder.

He left the Forestry Department when a young colonial officer, recently sent to work in Larut Matang, persistently made a litany of false accusations against him. He retired early and was not entitled to a pension. But as a mark of gratitude, he was given a pension. It was stated that the department’s first patrol boat was named Elyas bin Ahmad.

A popular story circulating among the family and his descendants was the incident when he arrested his father for pilfering mangrove wood without a licence. He arrested and brought his father to the court in Taiping and requested the magistrate to mete out the heaviest sentence possible.

The magistrate smiled, and fined Ahmad, Elyas’s father, $2. The maximum fine was $50. He paid the fine on behalf of his father.

Elyas, the eldest of seven siblings, was well known in Taiping and Assam Kumbang before he died in 1964. I was told that Jalan Haji Elias in Taiping was named after him. A MURAD MERICAN - NST Learning Curve 28 SEPTEMBER 2014 @ 8:02 AM