May 31st, 2015

Makan gaji buta bukan di sektor awam sahaja

Apabila Ketua Setiausaha Negara, Tan Sri Dr. Ali Hamsa mengeluarkan kenyataan 5,000 penjawat awam kini sedang dipantau Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam kerana ‘makan gaji buta,’ ada yang terasa.

Biasalah apabila sudah terkena adalah segelintir yang ‘sentap.’ Yang terkena mulalah bising-bising dan marah-marah. Yang disentuh Ketua Setiausaha Negara bukan semua, hanya 5,000 daripada sejumlah 1.61 juta kakitangan awam.

Kumpulan pemakan gaji buta menurut Ali Hamsa ini adalah kumpulan yang sudah dikenal pasti mempunyai pelbagai masalah disiplin antaranya selalu ponteng kerja, kerap lewat ke pejabat, menjadikan kerja sampingan sebagai kerja hakiki selain hilang fokus.

Persepsi negatif terhadap kakitangan awam sebagai pekerja yang suka membuang masa di kantin dan kafe, tidak efisien di kaunter dan suka ‘mengulor’ bukan cerita baharu. Gambaran yang selalu diberikan lebih kurang begini. Selepas punch card terus ke kantin, kafe atau gerai berdekatan. Sarapan sambil sembang-sembang, lebih kurang 15 minit tetapi biasanya terbabas daripada itu. Masuk pejabat, belek-belek, baca surat khabar atau terus capai papan kekunci komputer. Sambil senyum-senyum sendirian mengemas kini status di Facebook.

Pada sebelah petangnya belum pun pukul 5 petang sudah siap touch up lebih-lebih kurang, menunggu waktu tamat kerja. Selepas pukul 2.45 petang, biasanya pada hari Jumaat, sesetengah pekerja wanita masih berlegar-legar di kompleks beli belah. Itulah persepsi yang sering digambarkan, walaupun bukan selalunya betul.

Persepsi sedemikian mungkin hanya berlaku kepada segelintir kakitangan awam. Realitinya bukan semuanya seperti itu. Zaman berubah. Dengan pelbagai program diperkenalkan kerajaan bagi meningkatkan mutu perkhidmatan awam, sudah banyak perubahan dapat dilihat terutama bagi perkhidmatan kaunter.

Pekerja barisan hadapan ini bukan sahaja ramah tetapi banyak membantu memudahkan urusan. Walaupun masa menunggu masih lagi lama bagi sesetengah perkhidmatan kaunter di beberapa agensi dan jabatan kerajaan tetapi sudah banyak perubahan dapat dilihat terutama dalam bab-bab yang melibatkan urusan bersemuka dengan orang awam.

Sebenarnya masalah 5,000 penjawat awam yang sedang dipantau kerana makan gaji buta pun turut berlaku di sektor swasta. Mungkin kurang diketahui kerana sektor swasta tidak ada ‘bos besar’ sebagaimana Ketua Setiausaha Negara untuk bercakap bagi pihak kakitangan swasta.

Masalah disiplin seperti datang lambat, kerja hakiki menjadi kerja sampingan manakala kerja sampingan bertukar menjadi kerja utama serta tuang kerja pun berlaku di sektor swasta.

Cuma caranya lebih tersusun. Banyak alasan boleh digunakan untuk ponteng atau datang lambat. Alasan berjumpa klien paling mudah. Memang berjumpa klien tetapi berjumpa bukan untuk urusan syarikat sebaliknya mempromosikan produk jualan langsung baharu.

Kalau di sektor awam pekerjanya keluar awal atas alasan mahu menghantar anak ke sekolah atau menghadiri kelas agama, di sektor swasta pula segelintir pekerjanya lagi berani membawa sekali anak ke tempat kerja. Meriah sungguh pejabat yang ada anak-anak kecil ini, suasana tidak ubah seperti taman permainan kanak-kanak!

Bukan sedikit ketua-ketua jabatan di sektor swasta yang pening kepala melihat perlakuan segelintir anak buah masing-masing. Kualiti kerja tidak berubah-ubah sejak hari pertama masuk bekerja. Walaupun rakan sekerja yang jauh lebih junior sudah ke hadapan, kumpulan ini tetap ‘macam itulah juga.’

Segelintir pekerja ini pantang dipanggil ‘tepu’ atau ‘kayu mati,’ mereka boleh mengisytiharkan ‘perang besar’ kepada yang menggelarkan sedemikian. Pada mereka sekali pun tepu atau bertaraf kayu mati, mereka tetap sebahagian daripada ‘aset’ penting yang sama-sama membangunkan syarikat!

Yang menariknya, ketua-ketua jabatan lebih mudah nampak kumpulan pemakan gaji buta kategori bawahan walaupun perkara yang sama turut berlaku dalam kalangan yang berjawatan lebih tinggi.

Tindakan susulan biasanya lebih tertumpu kepada kumpulan bawahan. Bukan tidak ada tindakan ke atas kumpulan yang satu lagi, ada tetapi lambat sedikit.

Kesimpulannya, pemakan gaji buta ada di mana-mana. Mereka bukan ‘produk’ sektor awam sahaja. Menjadikan penjawat awam sebagai contoh pemakan gaji buta adalah satu tindakan yang tidak adil.

Masalah ini akan silih berganti dan tidak akan berakhir sampai bila-bila pun sama ada di sektor awam dan sektor swasta.

- Rozaman Ismail Utusan Malaysia Rencana 30 Mei 2015

Tadau Kaamatan satukan rakyat

SELEPAS dilancarkan di Tambunan pada 1 Mei lalu, Tadau Kaamatan yang kemuncaknya disambut masyarakat Kadazandusun dan Murut (KDM) di Sabah pada 30 dan 31 Mei, sekali lagi memeriahkan Hongkod Koisaan, Persatuan Kebudayaan Kadazandusun (KDCA) di Penampang.

Disambut sebagai tanda kesyukuran hasil padi, ramai menantikan ketibaannya kerana tarikan acara yang diatur, khususnya Unduk Ngadau atau Ratu Kaamatan selain Sugandoi atau pertandingan lagu Kadazandusun dan persembahan tarian serta kesenian tradisi etnik KDM.

Hongkod Koisaan yang bermaksud Pusat Kesatuan adalah kompleks budaya milik KDCA yang dijadikan lokasi tetap sambutan penutupan Kaamatan sejak dibuka pada tahun 1989, menarik ribuan pengunjung dan pelancong dari jauh atau dekat.

KETUA Menteri Sabah, Datuk Seri Musa Aman menuai padi sebagai simbolik
pelancaran Pesta Kaamatan Peringkat Kebangsaan di Dewan Masyarakat Kiulu, baru-baru ini.
- Foto Lano Lan

Pengisian yang menarik, ditambah unsur komersial sebagai produk tarikan pelancong selain landasan untuk pelbagai syarikat korporat mengiklankan produk dan perkhidmatan, menjadikan sambutan Kaamatan lebih meriah dan penuh berwarna warni.
ANTARA aksi peserta pada pertandingan Unduk Ngadau Kaamatan peringkat bandar raya
Kota Kinabalu. - Foto Malai Rosmah Tuah

Perayaan berunsur budaya etnik

Kaamatan adalah satu-satunya perayaan berunsur budaya etnik disambut besar-besaran bermula dengan pelancaran peringkat negeri pada 1 Mei, disusuli sambutan peringkat kampung dan daerah dengan kemuncaknya pada 30 dan 31 Mei di Hongkod Koisaan, KDCA.

Hari ini, sambutan Kaamatan lebih tertumpu kepada pesta kebudayaan yang memaparkan kesenian dan tradisi masyarakat KDM serta etnik lain di Sabah selain majlis keramaian bersifat hiburan dan komersial.

Setiap tahun, pelbagai persembahan budaya dan kesenian tradisi yang dipilih daripada kira-kira 40 subetnik KDM diketengahkan kepada pengunjung Hongkod Koisaan termasuk yang jarang atau tidak pernah ditonjolkan dalam mana-mana sambutan keramaian.

Seperti biasa, sambutan Kaamatan tidak lengkap tanpa simbolik 'mengetam' padi dan Magavau atau tarian Bobolian sebagai tanda pembukaan sambutan yang dibuat mengikut tradisi masyarakat Kadazandusun dan diubah suai mengikut kesesuaian semasa.

Setiausaha Kerja KDCA, Dr Benedict Topin, berkata Kaamatan membawa makna besar dalam budaya tradisi masyarakat KDM yang dikaitkan dengan penanaman padi dan aktiviti bercucuk tanam sebagai sumber ekonomi utama masyarakat itu.

Beliau yang juga ahli antropologi berkata, Kaamatan berasal daripada kata dasar 'omot' atau 'mongomot' dalam bahasa Kadazandusun yang bermaksud menuai padi dengan alat tertentu seperti 'linggaman' atau 'katam'.

Selain Kaamatan, satu lagi istilah digunakan bagi merujuk perkara sama iaitu Kokotuan berasal daripada kata dasar 'kotu' dalam bahasa Kadazandusun yang bermaksud memetik menggunakan tangan.

"Sebelum istilah Kaamatan wujud, sambutan keramaian selepas menuai padi dikenali sebagai 'moginakan' yang bermaksud kenduri dan ia biasanya disambut ahli keluarga atau penduduk kampung selepas ritual semangat padi dikendalikan oleh Bobolian atau bomoh Kadazandusun.

"Memandangkan moginakan adalah istilah biasa, maka usaha diambil untuk mencari istilah lebih tepat bagi merujuk kepada pesta selepas menuai padi dan akhirnya lahirlah istilah Kaamatan yang digunakan sejak lebih setengah abad lalu.

"Bagaimanapun ada juga masyarakat Kadazandusun menyebut 'Kokotuan' untuk merujuk perkara sama, tetapi KDCA hanya menggunakan istilah Kaamatan dan penggunaannya turut diiktiraf oleh kerajaan negeri sejak tahun 1985," katanya.

Sejajar pengiktirafan itu, ungkapan Kotobian Tadau Tagayo atau Tagazo Do Kaamatan yang bermaksud Selamat Hari Besar Kaamatan dijadikan sebutan lazim bagi menzahirkan ucapan selamat kepada masyarakat KDM setiap kali menjelang Kaamatan.

Legenda Kadazandusun
Satu lagi ungkapan boleh digunakan ialah 'Kopisunduan Do Kaamatan' yang merujuk kepada tanda hormat dan penghargaan kepada legenda Kadazandusun yang mengaitkan pengorbanan seorang gadis dipanggil Huminodun dan semangat padi.

Sebelum kewujudan istilah Kaamatan atau Kokotuan, keramaian yang dikaitkan dengan kenduri selepas menuai padi itu turut dikenali dengan beberapa ungkapan seperti 'Posoitan Do Linggaman' dan 'Kapampanan Do Mongomot' yang menandakan selesainya kerja menuai padi.

Tahun ini genap 55 tahun Kaamatan disambut secara rasmi pada peringkat negeri iaitu sejak tahun 1960, apabila pihak kolonial British mengiktirafnya sebagai satu perayaan rasmi sebelum diteruskan kerajaan yang mengambil alih pemerintahan Sabah selepas merdeka pada tahun 1963.

Kini Kaamatan bukan saja perayaan khusus untuk masyarakat KDM, malah dianggap sambutan penting yang dimeriahkan bersama masyarakat pelbagai kaum di Sabah hingga menjadikannya perayaan perpaduan yang berjaya menyatukan rakyat.

Dari segi ekonomi, Kaamatan dilihat sebagai sambutan yang berjaya menarik kedatangan pelancong dan dianggap produk penting pelancongan, sejajar usaha kerajaan menjadikan sektor pelancongan sebagai antara penyumbang utama kepada pendapatan negeri.

Scoring with an ‘F’

Consistently strong OECD and Pisa rankings have pushed Finland into the limelight. With the latest Pisa list expected next year, StarEducate speaks to experts to discover the ‘Finnish-factor’ behind the country’s education system.

NO one laughs at me if I get things wrong – my teachers are nice and kind,” 10-year-old Emilia quips when asked what she likes about school. Her simple reply is probably the best gauge of Finland’s success.

After all, education is as much about knowledge as it is about confidence, happiness and a thirst for learning.

Unlike in Asia, where bad grades have resulted in suicides, students taking their own life or suffering from depression because of education-related pressure is unthinkable for the Finns.


Virtual world: Viikki Teacher Training School students learning on their smartphones and tablets

“It would be very strange and shocking if that happened,” Finland’s ambassador to Malaysia Matti Pullinen feels.

Smiling, he names Nokia and education as innovations the Finns are most proud of.

“If you are clever, you can be anything you want because education is free.

“There’s no need for private tuition or private schools.”

Masterpieces... Students artwork on display.
Masterpieces: Students’ artwork on display.

Last month, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) global school rankings placed Finland in its top 10 list. The global ranking was based on the Programme for International Student Assessment (Pisa) or Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (Timss).

Pisa is administered by the OECD every three years comparing 15-year-olds internationally in reading, mathematics and science, in both OECD and non-OECD countries. Finland has consistently ranked highly in all three areas since 2000 but experienced a slight dip in 2009 and 2012. The next Pisa rankings will be out next year.

Following through on “big ideas” regardless of whether there’s a change in Government, is a crucial trait of Finland’s success, University of Helsinki teacher education head Prof Jari Lavonen points out.

In Finland, politicians come and go, but equity and decentralisation are constants. No one pays for education. Special needs’ students learn in regular classrooms. Low achievers improve by having peers to look up to while the high achievers learn about collaboration and support.

He says national exams and Government inspectors spying on schools are nonexistent. Teacher training is crucial, he emphasises.

Yearly, some 3,000 hopefuls apply to be teachers but only 100 are selected for the education programme, he says, adding that there are about 20,000 teachers in the country.

Although Finland spends more on education than on national defence, the amount is still lower than other high-performing countries, he says.

“It’s not about how much we spend. We use money in a clever way to facilitate learning of 21st century competencies. We don’t waste it on tests and administration.”

Kaisa House... The Helsinki Universitys main library celebrates its 375 anniversary this year.
Kaisa House: The Helsinki University’s main library celebrates its 375th anniversary this year.

Even kindergarten teachers must have an education degree and those teaching primary onwards, a masters. Involving teachers in education development has resulted in the system’s continued growth, says Vikki Teacher Training School vice-principal Marja Martikainen.

On average, however, Finnish teachers are only paid about 3,200 euros (RM12,700) per month – less than their counterparts in Europe.

Her foreign friends used to ask why Tea Vuorinen, 28, wanted to be a teacher because for them, it is the last option.

In Finland it’s as difficult to study as medicine, but in most countries, teaching is a job you pick up if you can’t be anything else, she says.

She picked teaching because it is meaningful work that reflects her values. She clocks in a maximum of 30 hours weekly, handling between 18 and 30 students.

The most satisfying feeling is when as a class, everyone grows together. She says parents can sometimes be more difficult than the students, so the lines of communication must be open.

“My goal is to give them the tools for life-long learning, so that they will grow up knowing how to get all the information they will need for the future.”

Getting students to evaluate themselves is crucial, she feels.

“For example, the younger ones use smiley or frowny faces to indicate how they feel about their abilities.

“They must find their confidence and feel good about themselves.”

Finnish National Board of Education counsellor Petra Packalen credits the joy of learning
for propelling the country up global school rankings.

Determined to produce good citizens who understand the value of education, the Finns continuously find ways to improve the education system not because of any ranking, but for the country’s future, she says.

How students fare in Finland matters more than global rankings.

“Quality, equity and efficiency are why we were highly-ranked in Pisa but looking forward, we are more interested in whether we are moving in the right direction .”

Realising that youngsters are not as motivated to learn, education stakeholders – which in Finland, is almost everybody, are analysing whether there is something wrong in the school culture or the pedagogy.

Admitting that the country’s Pisa performance has declined slightly, she feels that Finland is still “clearly above average”.

She, however, dismisses the suggestion that the upcoming national curriculum was developed as a knee-jerk reaction to the drop.

“Self-accountability is most important. We must improve for ourselves first and foremost,” she says, adding that almost all Finnish students have tertiary education.

The Government sets out the overall aim of the education system but the country’s 300 over municipalities have a lot of discretion of how much they want to delegate to the schools in their areas.

Decentralisation means that matters such as budget allocation, hiring and evaluating teachers and working hours, are determined at school level.

The municipalities don’t have to report to the Government but that doesn’t mean that they are left to “go wild”.

“We just have a different monitoring system where national evaluation is by random sampling,” Packalen says.

Less than 10% don’t continue studying after secondary school but the system has not given up on them.

“Learning difficulties, joining the family business and alcohol or drug abuse could be why they don’t want to study so we’re reaching out to them,” she says.

Prof Lavonen believes that self-assessment by the students themselves, classroom assessment by the teachers and the curriculum are more important than textbooks and national evaluation exams.

“The national evaluation office which was set up recently does a random sampling of 3,000 students to monitor the performance level of Finnish schools.

“This is to see if there’s a variation between schools so that we can narrow the gap.

“Assessment is to make improvements, not punish. A serious issue that needs to be addressed now is how to motivate our students.”

In March, news that Finland was scrapping subjects as the country reforms its education system hit the headlines world-wide.

The Ministry of Education and Culture has since denied that subject teaching was being abolished under the core curriculum for basic education which will be introduced in August 2016.

The ministry’s permanent secretary Anita Lehikoinen says education is prized because it leads to social mobility.

Finland, she says, is among the best in OECD countries and it’s the result of the entire education system from pre-school to university.

At least 90% of graduates find jobs and mothers can work because their kids get free warm meals in school, she says, stressing that the new curriculum’s Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) component is important.

“We are fine-tuning the existing system. A review is done every decade to ensure that Finnish education remains effective and relevant in light of new developments. There’s no major revamp.”

Weighing in on the incoming curriculum, Packalen says it will allow teachers to detect learning problems early.

ECEC will emphasise on play learning, she says, explaining that potential problem areas can be addressed by building on social, emotional and physical skills from a young age.

Poor English due to weak teaching methods

THE decline in English is because of poor teaching techniques.
Deputy Education Minister Datuk Mary Yap said teachers should teach English in a fun way using different methods and teaching tools. Only then will students be able to learn the language, she added.
“Studies show that the speaking abilities of students are affected when teachers have ineffective methods and weaknesses in skills.
“There is a need to get teachers and students to speak more English.
“We need to make it our personal responsibility to learn the language and merely depending on classroom teaching is not enough,” said Yap.

Towards better standards: Yap (centre) with Osman and Capel at the conference.
Yap expressed these concerns during the official opening of the three-day Seventh International English Language Teaching conference in Penang recently. Also present was state education director Datuk Osman Hussain.
Yap praised the event organiser – Penang English Language Teaching & Learning association (Pellta) -– for creating an outlet for English teachers and educational experts to learn and share.
She urged more teachers to use interactive teaching methods in the classroom to create a fun learning atmosphere.
“Task-based learning is good because students will be able to interact with others and they have to cooperate with one another,” she said.
Pellta president Rovina Elaine Capel said that the conference includes various workshops which share practical tips.
“We have international participants and speakers from 10 countries including the United States, the United Kingdom, Korea, Iran, Singapore, Vietnam and Malaysia,” she said.
Capel said Pellta has been around for 25 years, organising various workshops for English teachers.
“We organise workshops and invite educational experts whenever they are in town,” she said, adding that the conference is held every two years.
She said that the organisation had about 200 members.
Dr Tamas Kiss of Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University, said that learning a new language was easy.
He was there to conduct a workshop on “Creative Ways of Teaching Grammar”. During his workshop, he placed a text in Romanian and asked participants to translate it to English based on their knowledge of the English grammar structure.
“Students should learn to focus on the meaning and language; not just in forms and rigid structure,” said Dr Kiss.

Drills, grills and thrills

A former principal reminisces about those who taught him and the ones who were under his charge.

TEACHERS are fond of saying that they remember best their “naughty” students. By the same token, students can also say the same especially of their “odd” teachers. They were teachers who had their own teaching peculiarities and quirks. Let me share the tales of some of my “teachers”.

I was in Standard Six in a Chinese primary school in the mid 60s. Mr Mah, our English teacher, would drill us mercilessly in reading and pronunciation during his lessons.


Raising standards: Both Liong the writer (right), and Abdul Rahman inspired teachers under them to set targets and achieve their goals.

We were made to repeatedly read sentences like: “A man. A pan. A man and a pan. A pan and a man. This is a man and that is a pan. This is a pan and that is a man.” Mr Mah would read each sentence first, then make us repeat for what seemed like 10,000 times!When we were in Remove Class in an English secondary school the following year, we were confronted with sentences like: “Monocotyledons have parallel leaf veins and dicotyledons have reticulate leaf veins.” It was agonising to say the least.

Remedial, breakthrough and relief finally came when I was in Form Three. My English teacher, Mr Paul Raj, used the textbook by Wren and Martin on English Grammar.

It was drill and more drills. We had to complete 13 exercise books of class work and homework. And, he made us write essays every week. Sometimes he grilled us for handing up “shoddy work”.

There were also hours of flipping through the dictionary. And it was a thrill to apply what I learnt correctly.

Mr Paul Raj was strict and a firm believer in hard work and self-help. It was in that year that my English picked up. The reward was an “A” in English in the then LCE (Lower Certificate of Education) for students in Form Three.

Fast forward into the early 70s. I was in University doing my Diploma in Education. We had this teacher or more properly called lecturer, a Dr Khoo, who taught us Educational Psychology.

In a tutorial with us before the final exam, Dr Khoo said he would discuss with us the exam questions. I found it strange that he would want to discuss the exam questions but attended the tutorial anyway. The tutorial went on with the lecturer proposing the questions and we students volunteering the answers. Dr Khoo guided the process but he did not endorse any “right” answers. I did not give much thought to the questions after the tutorial though some classmates went on to prepare “model” answers.

It turned out that the final exam questions differed not very much from what was discussed in the tutorial. I passed but without a distinction!

I was a qualified teacher and posted to my first school. My “teachers” then were my colleagues and the school principal Encik Abdul Rahman Yeop (now a Datuk) was my first principal. He was a visionary and possessed great leadership traits. As a young teacher, I was impressed. He was focused and promised to raise the standard of the school in five years.

He succeeded. His hands-on approach in taking the school to another level won our hearts and admiration.

Encik Rahman, as I called him, was also an enthusiast and advocate of local tradition and culture. One year, he organised a kite-flying competition and exhibition in school. The preparation was meticulous. We even hired a bomoh to ensure that there would be no rain that afternoon of the competition. The sky was clear alright, but there was no wind. Kites did not go up as high as the kite-flyers wanted them. Apparently we had forgotten to ask the bomoh to bring in the winds!

Everyone was in high spirits and were impressed with the exhibition on kites in the school hall. Through it all, Encik Rahman took things in his stride and ensured that the invited VIPs were entertained with sumptuous food and drinks and soothing music.

I became a principal in the 90s. Now “my teachers” were the teachers who were in the school. At any time, I had about 100 of them under my charge. What encouraged and inspired me most as a principal was that in spite of the “rough and tough” going, there continued to be teachers who were dedicated, committed, motivated and innovative – they went beyond their call of duty.

One such teacher was senior physical education teacher Elizabeth Chong. She wanted to implement “standard-takings” in sports for all students.

She believed it would help create a sporting culture and provide a constant pool of potential athletes and players for further training. She was prepared to go the extra mile. The students, more so those in the lower forms, would have to each show their prowess in running long and short distances, doing high and long jumps, as well as hurling discuses. This would be done annually and their performance matched against standards set according to their ages.

Students who performed well would be further assessed to ascertain the type of sports that they were most suited for.

Initially, there were some logistical problems to overcome. And there was a need to convince some teachers who felt that school hours were meant mainly for teaching and learning only. But Elizabeth and her group of teachers were clear about their final objectives and worked hard.

Eventually, more staff began to see the benefits of the programme and came on board. Believing in a cause and acting fervently on it had helped Elizabeth and her team to achieve their objectives.

Another teacher who had shown her mettle was my senior assistant in co curriculum, Ms Chang FC. A persistent “headache” for the school principal was to get students involved in co-curricular activities. Neither was it easy to get teachers to be committed in guiding these activities.

The list of excuses was endless – no after-school free time, tuition, piano lessons, no transport, no extra pocket money, can’t afford to buy uniforms or instruments, no interest and no benefit.

Ms Chang took it upon herself the responsibility of restructuring and reorganising the three streams of co-curricular activities -- uniformed units, sports and games, and clubs and associations. She initiated many intra-school competitions. These provided avenues for more students to be involved. She encouraged all levels of participation and rewarded those who succeeded.

Ms Chang spoke to parents and students, telling them the importance of co-curricular activities in inculcating character-building. She wanted the students to see the benefits of a wholesome education. She even made home visits to convince some parents to get their children involved. She took the effort in showing appreciation for teachers who had helped in promoting co-curricular activities.

Notice boards were filled with photographs of students participating in co-curricular activities. Later, when their successes were reported in the newspapers, these reports were also posted. After about a year, it was obvious that there was a new culture, understanding and commitment in the school. Students began to “compete” to enrol in certain activities. Teachers, too, became more committed

What made the difference was the proactive attitude and sense of responsibility of this senior assistant.

Chang did not let the school’s past performance determine its present possibilities. Her hands-on involvement, knowledge, skills and confidence in others made the school’s co-curricular programme a success. All these led to a “paradigm shift” in the thinking of students, parents and teachers.

Today, our schools need more teachers who are like “my teachers”! Liong Kam Chong Seremban Kuala Lumpur The STAR Home News Education 31 May 2015

Idris: Don’t judge me for Pisa 2012 results

Second Education Minister Datuk Seri Idris Jusoh said he was willing to put himself “on the line” for the work he had done over the past two years as minister. But it was not fair to judge his performance on matters that arose before, he said referring to the Programme for International Student Assessment (Pisa) 2012 results.

“People have been talking about the Pisa 2012 results.”

Idris said he was not responsible for the results and shouldn’t be judged for it. “I was not education minister at the time,” he said after addressing the 19th Malaysian Education Summit, in Petaling Jaya on Tuesday.

Based on the mean score for the Pisa 2012, Malaysia was placed in the bottom third, ranking 52 out of 65 countries, and 55 out of 74 countries in the 2009 survey.

The next Pisa results will be announced in 2016. Idris said he hoped Malaysia would do better in both Pisa and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study.

Pisa is administered by the Organisation for Economic Co‑operation and Development (OECD) every three years on 15-year-olds. It offers students questions in the main language of instruction in their respective countries.

Each round focuses on one area of either Reading, Mathematics or Science.

The assessments have been conducted since 2000, with Malaysia taking part for the first time in 2009.

It was reported in February that the Edu-cation Ministry had registered 9,660 students from 230 schools to take part in Pisa 2015. The ministry said it had organised workshops for students to be better prepared for Pisa. By Rebecca Rajaendram The STAR Home News Education 31 May 2015

The special bond between Gerakan and Penang

IN 1968, a group of motley of intellectuals, left-wing politicians, trade unionists and educationists formed a party that would be syonymous to Penang’s political landscape for the next 40 years.

The Malaysian People’s Movement Party (Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia) under the charismatic leadership of Professor Syed Hussein Alatas, Dr. Lim Chong Eu (later Tun), Dr Tan Chee Koon (later Tan Sri) and V. David would wrest power from the then Alliance in the 3rd General Election.

Gerakan, as PGRM is popularly known, found itself in the driving seat in Penang and with the burden of expectations weighing on the shoulders of Dr Lim Chong Eu, he did the unthinkable and worked with Gerakan’s political foes because he knew Penang would not survive without the support of the Federal Government.

Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu

Penang, in 1969, was very different. It was about to lose its free-port status, unemployment was at alarming levels and it was in an economic morass. By the sheer force of his convictions and personality, Dr Lim convinced a majority of Gerakan’s state assemblymen that working with UMNO and Tun Abdul Razak was the only way Penang could move once again. As expected, all did not agree with Dr Lim and that led to an eventual chasm that resulted in many senior leaders leaving Gerakan including Professor Syed Hussein, Dr Tan Chee Koon, V. David and others.

Gerakan’s cooperation with UMNO and Tun Razak set the stage for the formation of an enlarged Alliance that was transformed into Barisan Nasional.

Back to Penang, under Dr Lim’s 22 years stewardship, Penang grew from strength to strength. By the 1990’s, manufacturing would constitute 59% of Penang’s economy. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Penang between 1980-89 amounted to RM 4 billion that was a significant amount in that time. The initial eight companies that were courted by Dr Lim in 1972 that we known as the eight pioneers were Intel, AMD, Fairchild Semiconductors, AVAGO Technologies, OSRAM, Bosch, Renesas and Clarion. Their belief in Dr Lim and Gerakan’s leadership of Penang laid the foundation for Penang’s economic transformation.

The Bayan Baru industrial zone was developed and the Penang International Airport was enlarged to ensure it become one of freight hubs of the region. Roads and highways were built including the Jelutong expressway (now the Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu expressway) and the Penang Bridge.

On the socio-economic side, Dr Lim ensured that sufficient public housing was built including the famous Rifle Range Flats. A host of cross subsidy mechanisms were employed to ensure that housing remained affordable and within reaches of the average Penangite. By the end of Gerakan’s term in 2008, hardcore poverty was down to 2% and efforts were constantly taken to ensure that the lower-income households received aid from the state.

Gerakan also led on education and facilitated the formation of the Penang Medical College that has now produced many fine doctors in concert with the Royal College of Surgeons, Ireland. Gerakan also established its own university, the Wawasan Open University together with the Yap Chor Ee Charitable Trust.

One article will not suffice to share all of Gerakan’s achievements but I am proud that my party has left a mark of Penang that can never be erased despite the political headwinds.

On 8th March 2008, many Gerakan members went to sleep wondering how the party that worked tirelessly to develop and transform Penang could be unceremoniously dumped from power. The incumbent Chief Minister, Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon also lost his bid for a parliament seat.

Many predicted that the end of Gerakan was nigh. Commentators and pundits’ openly asked how the party that had Penang as its raison d’etre would survive without Penang. As we say in Gerakan, Penang is the party’s soul. But we regrouped and persevered, our conscience was clear that we had done our best but politics is tough and democracy can be painful for those who lose. But in true Gerakan style, we handed power to the new leadership led by the Democratic Action Party (DAP) with grace and dignity, and confident of our place in Penang’s history.

Despite the drubbing suffered by Gerakan in 2008 and 2013, the party remains committed to Penang because we share an interminable bond with the people of Penang. Let’s not forget that DAP lost 10 elections in a row before they assumed power in Penang.

Making Parliament more effective

Decisions in which people participate are decisions they are likely to respect.

RECENTLY, no less a person than the Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat, Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Mulia, expressed anguish at public perceptions of the state of affairs in our premier legislative institution.

Role: To begin with, what are the functions of a democratic legislature? From a long gilt-edged list, one can specify four premier functions:

> Enacting appropriate laws;

> Overseeing executive policy and performance to ensure responsibility and accountability;

> Allocating finances in an optimum manner and keeping tabs on how money is spent; and

> Improving the well-being of citizens by engaging with them and redressing their grievances.


To improve Parliament’s institutional efficacy in these areas, some suggestions can be easily made.

Training and professionalism: An Institute of Parliamentary Affairs must be established to train Members of Parliament in the Federal Constitution, Standing Orders, drafting and interpretation of laws and economic data.

Each MP should be assigned research staff, legislative assistants and office space. Parliament should have its own, independent legal counsel.

Legislation: Regrettably, Parlia­ment legitimates; it does not legislate. In the law-making sphere the government has become more important than Parliament. To mitigate this unconstitutional shift of power, MPs must be supplied with draft Bills at least two weeks before the beginning of the session.

The secrecy that surrounds Bills should be lifted.

The sponsoring departments must be duty-bound to prepare policy papers on proposed Bills to enable non-governmental organisations and the rakyat to participate in a dialogue at the pre-parliamentary stage. Decisions in which people participate are decisions they are likely to respect.

Select Committees for scrutiny of Bills either before the second or after the second reading are common in most democracies. Regrettably, in Malaysia there is a dismal record of appointing them less than 10 times in 57 years!

To lighten the load of the Dewan Rakyat, some politically non-controversial Bills could originate in the Dewan Negara. The Houses should set up a Joint Committee to vet subsidiary legislation which outnumbers parliamentary legislation by 20:1.

MPs should be encouraged to draft Private Members’ Bills on issues which the government, for political expediency, wishes to shun. In Malaysia, no private Bill has ever passed Parliament though many were proposed.

Oversight of government: A system of well-serviced investigatory committees holds the key to enabling Parliament to become an effective check and balance institution. The number of Sessional Select Committees should be increased to include one Departmental Committee for each ministry as in Britain. This way MPs can generate public policy proposals through committees.

The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia and the Public Complaints Bureau should be linked to Parliament through one Joint Committee on each of these noble but ineffective institutions.

Expert witness participation in Select Committees should become a routine practice. The government does not always know best and must tap the expertise of ordinary citizens.

Parliament should use its power to punish for contempt to compel ministers, civil servants and citizens to appear before committees and to supply information. Refer to the New South Wales case of Egan v Willis & Cahill (1996) in which a minister was found guilty of contempt of the House for non-cooperation.

Question Time: Better procedures need to be evolved to satisfy MPs whose questions could not be reached due to shortage of time. Once a week the PM must face the House for 30 minutes.

Scrutiny of finances: Today there is a wide disconnect between planned and actual spending, which is reconciled with supplementary estimates. Ways need to be devised to limit the executive’s power to seek post-budget allocations.

The jurisdiction of the Public Accounts Committee should be expanded to cover all institutions that receive public funds. On another note, the concept of Non-Financial Public Enterprises or “Off-Budget Agencies” that are exempted from submitting their accounts to the Auditor-General and to the PAC should be abolished.

Constituency Work: Aid and assistance ought to be given to every MP to pay for a Service Centre in his constituency. MPs should use technology-based means to solicit the views of constituents. Constituencies are often good laboratories to measure concerns about programmes and service delivery.

Conclusion: The starting point for any reform is recognition that there are problems, and then to devise principles, institutions and methods to tackle them. Along with the above proposals we need to develop a tool kit. There are many recognised benchmarks for democratic legislatures.

The Commonwealth Parlia­mentary Association, the World Bank Institute and the Inter-Parliamentary Union have established a number of parameters that could be used to measure the effectiveness of Parliament.

For example, one could measure the amount of time spent by MPs to debate a Bill; the number of amendments proposed by backbenchers and how many were passed; the ratio of private members’ Bills to government Bills; percentage of Bills struck down by the courts; and percentage of laws amended subsequently by Parliament within three years.

There is no shortage of metrics to develop a framework for measuring the effectiveness of Parliament. What is needed is political will by the executive.

Shad Faruqi, Emeritus Professor of Law at UiTM, is a passionate student and teacher of the law who aspires to make difficult things look simple and simple things look rich. Through this column, he seeks to inspire change for the better as every political, social and economic issue ultimately has constitutional law implications. He can be reached at prof.shad.saleem.faruqi@gmail.com. The views expressed here are entirely his own.

Obeying the law always

‘If you’re thinking of escaping from the police, let me tell you one thing – you can hide from us but you can’t run forever.’

IT’S 5.30 in the morning and you are at a traffic lights junction. The lights turn red, but there is not a single vehicle in sight. You have a dilemma – to go or not to go.

A friend told me she would obey the lights, but there have been occasions when she had no choice but to move because of impatient motorists behind her. She feels awful breaking the law.

So, I can understand why she was so excited to share with me a rather different scenario, which took place on Friday.

“I normally leave the house at 5.30am. The roads are almost always void of vehicles, save for the few early risers, like myself,” she said.

“When you are the only person on the road, waiting for the lights to turn green, and with no vehicle coming from the opposite direction, there is always the temptation to drive on. I always stop, unless honked at by those behind me.

“This morning, I was behind a truck, which looked like one used to transport sand and rocks.

“I assumed that the driver would drive through the lights, like the others. What a surprise! He waited until the lights turned green.

“I was so happy as I stopped behind him and didn’t have to worry about going through the red light.

“This happened not once, but over the next three traffic lights. Each time, the driver just waited patiently until the lights turned green.

“It also shows me that we shouldn’t judge a book by its cover nor a driver by his vehicle. I had assumed someone who drives such a truck probably couldn’t care less about running the red lights but I was wrong.

“I learnt a useful lesson this morning.”

I am sure the Federal traffic police chief Senior Asst Comm Datuk Mohd Fuad Abdul Latiff, who is supervising the Ops Warta, will be happy to know that there are law-abiding citizens on the road who do the right thing, even when no one is watching.

This is such a direct contrast to the many recalcitrant offenders who break the law as a matter of course.

I know a businessman who considers speeding tickets as part of his expenses account because he says there is no way he can keep to the highway speed limits. Fortunately, he settles all his summonses.

I have been sharing my thoughts with SAC Mohd Fuad on this issue of traffic offenders and I appreciate his candour.

About the ongoing operation, his message is simple: “If you’re thinking of escaping from the police, let me tell you one thing – you can hide from us but you can’t run forever.”

And yet, I can sense that there are many out there who believe the long arm of the law will never reach them.

The fact that so many summonses remain unpaid, and that warrants of arrest run into such huge numbers, gives the impression that the problem is insurmountable.

But SAC Mohd Fuad is a man on a mission. The current operation is showing good results but more importantly, he says, he has not received any public complaints about the way his men are carrying out their duties.

He knows there is a perception that the traffic cops “pick and choose” traffic offenders.

He wants the public to understand that his men are doing their work “without fear or favour”.

Not many are aware that when SAC Mohd Fuad was deputy traffic chief, he was involved in an accident where he was clearly at fault.

In another accident, his son was the guilty party. Both father and son got summoned – no special favours.

This is the kind of story we like to hear. When we know that the law is blind to our station in life and the make of our car, then I believe a tipping point can be reached when even the most recalcitrant of traffic offenders will start obeying the law.

Executive editor Soo Ewe Jin quotes sociologist Robert Bellah who said: “We should not underestimate the significance of the small group of people who have a new vision of a just and gentle world. The quality of a culture may be changed when 2% of its people have a new vision.” The STAR Home News Opinion Columnist 31 May 2015

Gila selfie!

PADA era telefon pintar kini, jika anda tidak memanfaatkan aplikasinya, anda seorang yang ketinggalan atau mungkin dianggap anti sosial.
Satu daripada aplikasi yang kini menjadi trend ialah selfie (mengambil gambar sendiri) atau wefie (secara beramai-ramai) dengan si jurugambar turut berada dalam gambar. Paling popular adalah merakam gambar sendiri di hadapan cermin.
Peralatan digunakan adalah kamera digital atau kamera telefon bimbit, dan biasanya hasil selfie atau wefie ini sering dikongsi di laman-laman sosial seperti Facebook, Google+, Instagram, Snapchat, Tumblr, Twitter, MySpace, WhatsApp dan lain-lain.


Selepas foto dimuat naik, pastinya komen diterima dapat dibaca tuan punya badan.
Pelbagai aksi anda dapat dilihat rakan sosial. Ada bersahaja, sempoi, buat muka comel, ternganga ala mulut ikan baung atau mulut itik, senget, tutup sebelah mata dan pelbagai aksi pelik, ngeri, lucu, kreatif dan tak terfikir dek akal.
Golongan hawa tentunya tidak ketinggalan. Pastinya tiap selfie atau wefie ditayang mempunyai makna atau tujuan tersendiri oleh pengirimnya. Sama ada sebagai hobi, koleksi peribadi, mengajak ke arah kebaikan, menarik perhatian, mengisi masa untuk suka-suka melihat maklum balas rakan sosial, pamer kecantikan atau kelebihan diri dan pelbagai lagi.
Ada pula golongan selfie sanggup gadai nyawa atau hingga habis nyawa.
Ironinya tak kurang pula golongan hawa berselfie hingga undang kontroversi - di ranjang, sambil pegang anjing dan tidak fikirkan perasaan orang lain. Pasti ia sensitif di negara kita, lebih-lebih lagi babitkan wanita Islam dan Melayu yang terkenal dengan tatasusilanya.
Kadangkala gelagat berposing, ditambah status tidak sesuai di laman sosial undang rasa jelik dan tidak sepatutnya sedemikian. Jika di luar negara ia perkara biasa, tetapi bagaimana jika ia dilakukan wanita kita.
Lebih berani ada yang tunjuk aksi mengghairahkan dengan pasangan, memalukan atau lebih teruk berposing tanpa seurat benang.
Ada pula yang bimbo, muat naik status di laman sosial tanpa fikirkan akibat dan bahaya boleh mengundang. Beritahu esok nak pergi bercuti di mana dan sekian tarikh. Tidakkah ini mengundang penjenayah dengan mudah boleh ambil kesempatan.
Apa pun gila selfie tidaklah jadi kesalahan, asal trend ini jangan sampai makan diri. Hati-hati dengan status di laman sosial kita.


PENGAKUAN 1 Selfie hampir setiap hari
Boleh dikatakan saya berselfie atau wefie hampir setiap hari. Biasanya saya akan muat turun gambar di Facebook (FB) atau Instagram. Tujuan biasanya hanya untuk menyimpan kenangan peribadi dan dikongsi bersama keluarga dan rakan.
Saya akan simpan di album dalam telefon bimbit. Saya mula dengan manfaatkan aplikasi ini sejak menggunakan telefon pintar.
Sebelum ini sebelum mendirikan rumah tangga pun saya selalu berselfie atau wefie bersama teman lelaki yang kemudian menjadi tunang saya pada ketika itu.
Bukan untuk menunjuk-nunjuk, sebaliknya dapat memperkenalkannya secara tidak langsung kepada rakan-rakan. Sekarang selepas berkahwin saya banyak berselfie dan wefie dengan suami dan anak-anak pula.
Sebagai suri rumah juga saya ada masa, jadi masa yang saya gunakan untuk simpan kenangan terutama dengan anak-anak sepanjang tempoh mereka membesar. Anak sulung saya berusia setahun 10 bulan dan kedua, baharu sebulan.
Setiap kali keluar rumah, pasti saya akan wefie dengan anak-anak. Misalnya masa ke pasar raya atau klinik, ketika tunggu giliran dipanggil.
Lagipun memang minat saya suka mengambil gambar dan edit, bangga bila ada kawan-kawan yang beri sokongan dengan 'like' bila gambar dipos.
Pada saya jika ada yang 'sakit mata' atau 'bosan' lihat foto selfie dengan status di FB atau laman sosial lain seseorang itu, biarkan saja. Kalau rasa mahu mengumpat pun cukup dalam hati.
Itu haknya, lagipun nama pun laman sosial. -  Azureen Mohd Shariff, 29, suri rumah

PENGAKUAN 2 Cucu gelar nenek siber
Ikutkan saya tidak suka berselfie tapi terpaksa. Masa tertentu sebagai Muslimat, saya selalu banyak program, jadi perlu sebar dan kongsi pada orang ramai.
Sebelum ini ambil gambar biasa kata muka saya tak ada. Orang kata kita post gambar orang lain, konon bukan kita tangkap gambar sendiri, muka pun selalu tak keluar sama dalam gambar. Jadi bila saya sendiri hadiri program itu, saya berselfie atau wefie.
Kadangkala rasa rugi bila suasana atau tempat itu tidak ambil gambar. Jadi selfie lah. Lagi satu kadangkala selfie sebab tiada yang hendak ambilkan gambar.
Tidaklah selalu berselfie, biasanya pada waktu-waktu gembira. Waktu sedih tak sampai hati pula. Niat kita pula hendak berkongsi informasi, kegembiraan bila muka semua ada masa berwefie, tapi tidak campur lelaki perempuan.
Maklum balas selalu saya terima bila post gambar selfie atau wefie itu pula positif saja. Sebab itu terus berselfie. Tapi pada saya, orang kutuk pun tak apa, sebab niat kita bukan hendak mengada-ngada. Hendak berkongsi sahaja.
Setakat ini belum pernah pula ada yang mengutuk. Selalu maklum balas saya dapat bila selfie, mereka komen seperti 'nenek gojes', 'welldone nenek cyber', anak buah pula kata 'bik terer kalah kita orang'. Kalau Muslimat pula selalu kata 'yess Mar... mak melinium'.
Pada saya okey sahaja jika orang dewasa mahu selfie atau wefie. Tapi kalau yang terlebih posing, tak ada penceritaan aisssh... jangan!. Ada yang 'kerja' asyik selfie, buat duckface itu ini bagai, tak molek begitu. Dengan suami pula jangan over posing.
Saya pun kalau tak terpaksa, tak selfie.
Sekarang ini pun kalau nak berselfie sudah ada setting, jadi mudah untuk semua. Lagipun suami saya pun sporting, sudah tahu tugas saya selalu ambil gambar, dia belikan telefon yang sesuai.
Gambar pun boleh ambil cantik-cantik. Seronok tengok hasilnya.   Monopod pun ada tapi jarang guna, terus snap lagi cepat. - Siti Marjunah Sadiran, 50, sukarelawan kemasyarakatan

PENGAKUAN 3 Amal sejak ada telefon bimbit berkamera
Saya mula berselfie sejak menggunakan telefon bimbit yang kamera dengan fungsi depan dan belakang. Selalunya saya berselfie atau wefie, jika kena tempat dan pemandangan yang cantik, bersama keluarga atau rakan-rakan.
Apa yang saya dapat bila berselfie adalah kepuasan diri, tapi biarlah kena pada tempat dan masa.
Jika ada suka berselfie hingga menjengkelkan orang lain memang tidak patutlah. Misalnya di tempat pengebumian, memang amat tidak sesuai untuk berselfie.
Ada seorang rakan yang suka sangat berselfie dan pos dalam Instagram dengan gaya memek muka yang menjengkelkan, dalam sehari empat hingga lima hantar gambar selfie.
Apa pun terpulang pada diri sendiri sekadar suka-suka atau kepuasan diri sendiri, tapi biarlah kena pada tempat dan keadaan.
Kadangkala bila jumpa situasi orang selfie, sibuk baca dan balas komen pada gambar yang dipos, hingga abaikan urusan rumah tangga, contoh lambat masak atau tak mandikan anak, itu memang tak patutlah.
Golongan ibu yang suka berselfie patut lebih utamakan keluarga dan anak.
Pendek kata bagi saya selfie bukanlah perkara utama dalam hidup.
Namun selagi kita masih memenuhi syariat agama dan tidak mengetepikan hukum hakam agama, ia tidaklah menjadi masalah besar. Pokok pangkalnya hati kita, wallahualam. - Siti Marjunah Sadiran, 50, sukarelawan kemasyarakatan

PENGAKUAN 4 Minat sebab tengok ramai orang buat
Saya mula berselfie sejak menggunakan telefon pintar. Minat mula apabila lihat ramai yang selfie dan berkenan dengan jenis kamera telefon pintar yang dapat menghasilkan foto yang cantik bila kita bergambar atau selfie.
Selalunya bila muat naik gambar selfie, saya akan maklumkan di mana lokasi tersebut, bersama siapa dan apa saya lakukan semasa itu.
Jadi tidaklah gambar itu 'kosong' tanpa ada apa-apa makna jika setakat letakkan gambar selfie atau wefie.
Biasa remaja termasuk saya, memang begitulah akan suka bila ramai likers dan ada yang komen positif.
Tapi kalau yang negatif atau tak dapat sambutan, mungkin sama ada gambar tu dipadamkan sebab malu.
Kadangkala ibu saya pun pelik, sebab bila dengan kawan selalu sangat selfie.
Walaupun suka selfie, tapi saya tak pernah suka selfie seorang-seorang sebab kurang keyakinan diri hendak ambil selfie seorang.
Bapa pula akan selalunya cakap ‘amboi bab bergambar bukan main’. Tapi saya jarang selfie tak bertempat, jadi ibu dan bapa tak pernah marah. Walaupun gemar selfie dan wefie, tapi tak ada la gila selfie sangat kerana tahu batasannya.
Nasihat saya terutama pada remaja masih bersekolah, kita jangan terlalu utamakan selfie terutama golongan remaja biarpun memang ramai cantik dan kacak.
Pentingkan pelajaran dan janganlah kalau boleh sampai mendatangkan fitnah ketika berselfie terutama wanita.
Buat masa ini saya selalu pos gambar di Instagram dan Twitter. Facebook agak jarang. Hingga kini, jika di Instagram saya ada kira-kira 707 followers dan di Twitter lebih 400. - Hairunajiha Roslan, 16, pelajar

PANDANGAN GUAMAN Tarik perhatian, terlibat skandal
Selfie ialah istilah yang dimaksudkan dengan mengambil gambar diri sendiri secara sendiri tanpa meminta pertolongan orang lain. Kaki selfie boleh terdiri daripada lelaki dan juga wanita tetapi berdasarkan kajian terhadap media sosial yang ada membuktikan golongan wanita lebih ramai menjadi kaki selfie.
Kebaikan berselfie dari segi peluang untuk merakamkan saat menarik dan indah tanpa bantuan orang lain memandangkan saat indah ada tikanya berlaku tanpa dirancang dan bukan dalam semua keadaan, ada orang lain di samping kita. Namun dari segi kontranya, andai saat yang dirasakan indah dan ingin dirakam sebenarnya saat-saat biasa dan jadi lebih bahaya jika rakaman dibuat bukan pada masa yang sesuai, contohnya ketika sedang memandu.

Malah ada kes selfie melibatkan isu terlalu peribadi yang sepatutnya tak perlu dirakamkan kamera, contoh dalam satu kes yang akak kendalikan, kantoi gambar suami dalam aksi separuh bogel bersama teman wanita bila si anak gunakan telefon bimbit si ayah untuk bermain game.
Terdapat kes suami atau isteri yang suka selfie sehingga mengganggu perhubungan mereka. Contohnya, kes selfie sebagai bukti curang. Malah ada suami yang tak gemar bila isteri suka berselfie kemudian kongsikan foto di media sosial dengan alasan cemburu bila terdapat komen memuji si isteri.

Tapi disebabkan isteri suka dipuji, isteri tetap teruskan dan timbul perbalahan. Ada kes suami tak kisah tapi disebabkan tak kisah tersebut, isteri melampau dalam berselfie dan kongsikan gambar hingga menarik perhatian lelaki lain dan akhirnya si isteri terlibat dalam skandal.
Setakat ini, belum ada peruntukan undang-undang yang melarang penggunaan gambar yang dikongsikan di media sosial. Ikutkan kewajaran, jika ada yang menyalahgunakan, sememangnya tak boleh dipersalahkan sebab si pemilik gambar dengan sengaja membenarkan perkara itu berlaku bila kongsikan gambarnya kepada umum.
Analogi mudah, jika pintu rumah dibiarkan tak berkunci kemudian ada pencuri yang masuk, realitinya pemilik rumah yang membenarkan kejadian tersebut sebab tidak melaksanakan tindakan perlu untuk menjaga keselamatan. Maka, berhati-hatilah dalam berkongsi gambar sendiri atau gambar yang tersayang. - Suzana Ghazali Perunding Psikologi Keluarga, Peguam Syarie


PANDANGAN AGAMA Konsep sederhana, harmoni berselfie
HARI ini semua peringkat umur suka berselfie. Namun golongan remaja dan awal dewasa adalah antara yang sangat aktif dan kreatif sewaktu berselfie.
Saya berpandangan hukum berselfie pada asalnya adalah harus namun ia terikat dengan syarat-syarat tertentu seperti:
1. Niat atau tujuan, sekiranya bertujuan menunjuk-nunjuk, bangga diri, takabbur maka ia adalah dilarang.
2. Mestilah menutup aurat yang sempurna, haram mendedahkan aurat walaupun dalam gambar tanpa alasan syarie adalah  dilihat dari sudut niat dan keadaan diri seseorang.
3. Sopan dan bermaruah, sekiranya berselfie dengan bercampur lelaki dan perempuan tanpa batasan atau berlatarbelakangkan aktiviti yang dilarang maka berselfie adalah dilarang.
4. Tidak menimbulkan ketidakselesaan atau gangguan terhadap orang lain, khususnya latar belakang atau orang lain yang terambil gambarnya tanpa kerelaannya.
Tabiat berselfie secara sihat tiada masalah, tetapi tabiat berselfie yang tidak sihat itu yang dilarang. Justeru, niat dan tujuan sangat penting dalam melakukan suatu perkara, takwa dan jati diri menjadi asas perlakuan baik dan bermoral.
Keterlaluan tanpa panduan dan batasan dalam aktiviti berselfie boleh membawa kepada kemudaratan, justeru tabiat berselfie mesti ada garis panduan dan batasan dari sudut hukum-hakam agama dan nilai moral.
Islam menekankan konsep kesederhanaan dan keharmonian. Jika ingin berselfie pastikan ia suatu yang baik dan tidak melanggar batas agama. Kita perlu ingat gambar yang dihantar dalam media sosial seperti Facebook, Twitter dan Instagram ia akan menjadi tatapan jutaan manusia di alam maya.
Sekiranya yang dihantar adalah yang baik, insya-ALLAH kita akan dapat pahala berganda, namun sekiranya yang dihantar itu adalah yang tidak bermoral dan bertentangan dengan batasan agama, pastinya ia akan mengundang kemarahan orang lain.
Apa yang lebih bahaya adalah membawa kemarahan dan kemurkaan ALLAH yang akan menjerumuskan kita ke dalam neraka kerana dosanya juga berganda. - Isfadiah Mohd Dasuki Penasihat Shariah, Brainy Bunch International Islamic Montessori

PANDANGAN MOTIVATOR Obses yang melalaikan?

Selfie sebenarnya wujud pada kali pertama manusia melihat imej dirinya sendiri. Suatu variasi selfie ini ialah bila anda mengambil masa mencantikkan diri di depan cermin kerana menyikat rambut atau bersolek. Bezanya selfie di zaman itu dan sekarang ialah imej kita itu boleh sekarang dibawa ke merata tempat.
Selfie menjadi suatu trend yang popular hari ini kerana wujudnya telefon bimbit yang dilengkapi dengan kamera yang canggih. Gambar anda boleh diambil bila-bila masa sahaja, di mana sahaja dan dengan perisian atau apps yang tertentu, gambar itu boleh diubahsuai dengan serta-merta.
Ia juga berkaitan dengan sifat manusia yang pentingkan diri sendiri dan ini merupakan tindakan normal. Buktinya, jika ambil gambar berkumpulan, pasti kita tetap mencari wajah sendiri sebelum orang lain.
Selfie menjadi suatu obsesi bila ia dibuat berkali-kali dengan suatu perasaan untuk menghasilkan suatu pemandangan atau gambar yang sempurna. Emosi seseorang akan tertekan bila gambar diri yang terhasil tidak mencapai cita rasa yang dikehendaki. Sekiranya ini tidak dibendung, ia akan menjadi suatu permasalahan psikologi pada dirinya.
Mungkinkah selfie ini dijadikan suatu amalan untuk kita mengagungkan ALLAH? Berikut adalah doa ketika melihat diri di cermin: "Segala Puji bagi ALLAH yang memperbaiki diriku, perbaikilah budi pekertiku." Nah, berselfielah sebanyak yang anda kehendaki, selagi anda ingat ALLAH, dan jauhi diri daripada melakukan sesuatu tindakan yang melampau dan merosakkan diri.
Ada orang yang tidak selesa dengan mereka yang suka berselfie dengan meletakkan gambar dengan pelbagai gaya di media sosial seperti Instagram dan Facebook. Apa yang penitng kita mahu bersangka baik dahulu.
Usah kita melatah kepada sesuatu yang kita lihat sahaja. Bertanyalah dan dapatkan kepastian. Sekiranya ia merupakan sesuatu yang boleh kita bantu dan perbaiki, bantulah. Ini jauh lebih baik daripada kita mencemuh dan mencela sahaja. - Mohd Rizal Hass an, MSP, PLF (Pengasas) Pemudahcara Pembelajaran Profesional Antarabangsa