December 3rd, 2019

Honesty starts at self-level

Honesty plays a great role in everyone’s lives. Being true to own self before pointing out and analyzing others is the primary task that everyone needs to take.

A person who is dishonest about himself can never speak the truth about others. Having known oneself completely, a person can definitely move on to judge and analyze others.

When one expects the world to be honest, he should check first about his own self.

Honesty starts right at the self level and this is highly vital before taking others into consideration.

As has been rightly said about rectifying oneself before thinking about others, the same applies for honesty as well.

One who is dishonest about himself and tells lies about himself can never tell the truth about others.

A person can never guide another person in regard to some particular issue unless he himself has preached it.

Thus thinking about own is primary and should be taken care of before proceeding any further.

Honesty can have applications both at the personal and the professional level in everyone’s lives.

In the personal case, a person cannot complain about others for not taking action on a specific issue, like cleaning garbage in a society especially when he himself is involved in littering.

Similarly in professional case, a person cannot speak about another person’s work especially when he himself is not aware of the same.

All these instances suggest that an honest person can only speak honest things about others, while a person who speaks falsely about himself can never speak the truth about others.

Rather than keeping a motive to rectify others, one should first consider himself.

Honesty always starts from the self level and then can be spread to others.

This should always be considered before pointing out the mistakes or doings of any other person.

Azizi Ahmad Bebas News Columnists 3 November 2019

Anda pintar atau mereng?

Pameran Munshi Abdullah kembali ke Melaka bertarikh 1.12.2019 menjadi rujukan.

Munshi Abdullah juga dikenali sebagai genius Melayu paling kontroversi hasil dari penulisan kritikan beliau.

A Samad Said juga di senaraikan sebagai genius Melayu yang kontroversi sungguh pun beliau pernah di beri gelaran Sasterawan Negara.

Penulis hebat dunia seperti Virginia Woolf juga di anggap ‘kurang waras dan berkontroversi’ dan beliau dikatakan membunuh diri ketika berusia 59 tahun.

Penulis hebat dan teragung pastinya telah menghabiskan bergelen-gelen tumpahan dakwat bagi pencerahan hubungan antara 'genius atau pintar' dan penyakit mental.

Perdebatan ini juga berkait rapat dengan romantisisasi penyakit mental. yang akan saya jelaskan kemudian.

Sejarah telah banyak memperlihatkan banyak mereka yang genius pinta tetapi turut juga mengalami sindrom gila.

Malah Aristotle berkata "Tidak ada fikiran yang hebat wujud tanpa sentuhan kegilaan".

Ini mungkin juga mengenai sindrom Savant pada tahap yang besar.

Sindrom Savant adalah apabila seseorang yang dikatakan kurang keupayaan mental tetapi menunjukkan bakat tertentu atau kreativiti yang melebihi batasnya.

Kita boleh juga bercakap tentang Wolfgang Amadeus (autistic), Edgar Allen Poe (yang dikatakan tertekan dan terseksa) atau Ernest Hemingway yang menembak dirinya sendiri.

Pelukis Vincent Van Gogh juga di dapati bermasalah turut mengalami gangguan bipolar.

Pada masa itu, apa yang dipanggil "kegilaan" dilihat sebagai "pelayaran ke dalam realiti baru,"

Penyakit mental bukanlah fenomena yang jarang berlaku. Gangguan bipolar dan gangguan kemurungan dikesan menyerang hampir 10% populasi manusia.

Lain-lain penyakit yang teruk seperti autisme Schizophrenia dan lain-lain mempunyai kadar yang lebih rendah.

Bagaimanapun bilangan sebenar mereka yang ‘genius’ agak kurang daripada kadar ini.

Ini adalah petunjuk bahawa kebanyakan orang yang sakit mental adalah bukan genius.

"Terdapat ramai yang genius yang tidak sakit mental, dan terdapat banyak orang yang sakit mental yang bukan genius," kata Lloyd Sederer, M.D.,

"Kadang-kadang anda mempunyai dua gabungan. Apabila anda mempunyai seorang genius yang terkenal, seperti Philip Seymour Hoffman atau Robin Williams atau John Nash, mereka membuat anda berfikir bahawa hal ini merupakan hanya kebiasaan.”

Para penyelidik yang membongkar cadangan bahawa terdapat kaitan bahawa untuk dikenali sebagai 'genius' anda memerlukan darjah kecerdasan otak (IQ) tinggi atau memori yang kuat.

Darjah kecerdasan otak (IQ) tinggi membolehkan seseorang untuk memproses dan memanipulasi rangsangan tambahan dan bukannya dibebani olehnya.

Oleh itu peningkatan darjah kecerdasan otak (IQ) membantu melindungi mereka yang lemah dari beberapa gangguan psikologi yang serius.

Keupayaan ingatan atau memori kerja yang dipertingkatkan juga boleh menjadi faktor perlindungan dalam model kerahsiaan yang dikongsi bersama dengan kreativiti dan psikopatologi.

Orang yang mempunyai kapasiti ingatan kerja yang lebih tinggi mungkin lebih dapat memproses rangsangan tambahan yang disebabkan oleh keadaan kesedaran yang berubah, seperti yang dihasilkan oleh gangguan mood yang berkurangan, atau gejala Somatic Syndrome Disorder (SS)..

Jadi kreativiti menghalang seseorang daripada jatuh ke dalam gangguan mental yang serius.

Kreativiti didasarkan pada keupayaan untuk menggabungkan aspek-aspek konstruksinya jarak jauh yang berkaitan, maka keupayaan untuk memegang dan memproses sebilangan besar membina dalam fikiran secara serentak tanpa menjadi keliru atau terharu menjadikan seseorang itu kreatif dan bukannya mempunyai kognisi yang disorientasi.

Terdapat penjelasan lain oleh para saintis yang dipanggil "Model Perkongsian Kerentanan". Model ini menjelaskan bahawa penyakit dan kreativiti mungkin berasal dari perkara yang sama seperti keutamaan untuk sesuatu yang baru tetapi mereka tidak mempunyai hubungan antara satu sama lain.

Malah terdapat banyak kes di mana kestabilan mental telah diketahui membantu meningkatkan kreativiti. Ini kerana salah satu aspek kreativiti adalah produktiviti yang tinggi.

Mereka yang menderita gangguan gila mendapati bahawa semasa kitaran ‘gila’ berlaku sukar untuk memberi tumpuan dan semasa kemurungan, individu itu terasa terlalu sukar untuk membayangkan idea.

Jadi mengapa mitos ini begitu lazim diterima oleh orang ramai?

Ini dapat dijelaskan dengan fenomena "Ketersediaan heuristik". Ia adalah pintasan mental yang kebanyakan kita gunapakai.

Apabila ada contoh yang jelas tentang sesuatu kes, maka otak kita mencatatnya lebih cepat dan memperoleh kesimpulan dari itu dengan cepat.

Oleh itu, apabila kita memikirkan hubungan antara gila dan genius, kes Van Gogh atau kes Newton, ia mendaftarkan diri di dalam otak kita dengan jelas berbanding dengan 99% kes individu yang tidak disorot.

Artis Edvard Munch, yang dikatakan mempunyai gangguan bipolar, pernah menulis di majalah Smithsonian. "Tanpa kebimbangan dan sakit, saya umpama kapal tanpa kemudi ... Penderitaan saya adalah sebahagian dari diri saya dan seni saya. Ianya tidak dapat dibezakan dari saya, dan kehancuran mereka akan menghancurkan seni saya. "

Azizi Ahmad Malaysia Dateline Rencana 3 November 2019

Azizi Ahmad Bebas News Rencana 18 Disember 2019

Distinguishing the quality and the popular

Good teachers key to improving education standards were mentioned a few days ago.
An author mentioned about Finland teaching programmes as the most rigorous and selective professional schools in the entire country.

Effective teaching frameworks are more approximately getting the proper individuals to ended up career-long teachers.

Good teacher training preparation are a counting necessity for the in-service preparing each year to keep overhauling themselves.

Noted is that Finnish teachers are given a tall degree of autonomy and trust in their occupations.

They are permitted an awesome bargain of obligations and free adaptability in what and how they educate.

Teacher execution isn’t observed and graded. The teachers don't have to prove to demonstrate their educating.

Good quality teaching and teachers are hard to put up in words and there is no specific measurement tool to measure it.

Ask any students on their experience throughout their education, there are bound of the highs and lows of teaching.

There’s no doubt in teaching and learning that important subjects are taught by inexperience, incompetent, boring and, at times, uncaring teachers.

Good teachers are said to be most creative and role models. They are mentor for lifelong learning.

As an educator and a student myself, I’ve found that you need to be creative, enthusiastic, be clear and keep the information relevant.

Those drained teachers, who never shift from the equivalent worn address notes or PowerPoint slides until they achieve retirement, complete an extraordinary insult to themselves, the understudies and their job.

I have taught secondary schools, colleges and adults students; though they need to be entertained, they also want to learn something of substance that can be applied in the “real world”.

Some might say that student’s evaluation is good but actually it is being an imperfect indicator.

Mature students can distinguish a “quality” teacher from a “popular” one, who might present an easy course that can be passed with little effort.

In this sense these students’ judgements generally coincide with what academic colleagues think about the teacher as well.

A good teacher maybe the one who can explain the course material clearly.

There are many cases seen, though the teacher was considered enthusiastic, knowledgeable and well-prepared, but still was considered a poor teacher overall.

A simple conclusion would be if you cannot explain the concepts in a way that your students want and understand, then you are considered not good.

A good quality teacher will only be satisfied if the majority of students have understood the principles and, enjoy discussions at all time.

When students learned from the experience, probably the teacher will be said effective.

Most educators would love to be rated high by their students, some even forced their students to rate them highly after a course is completed, but in the later years down the track when the student looks back they may find what they learned of little value or relevance.

To me that is a great shame.

Although students may not always remember what you teach them, they will always remember their outstanding lecturers and how good they made them feel about the subject.

That is their greatest gift and the mark of a good quality teacher.

Good teachers will impact on the children the confidence in themselves and the positive attitudes to take up future challenges.

We want our next generation educated holistically to beyond book knowledge and standard examination answers.

I remember my conversation with my former lecturer on what is ‘good’, and we agreed that good is when no one says something bad about you.