January 18th, 2020

Looking for the educated and the uneducated

At a press conference in May 2018, Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad wanted to take on a second Cabinet portfolio as Education Minister as he thinks that there are “so many people are uneducated in this country.”

A day later, Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad agrees that he cannot be both prime minister and education minister at the same time as that would clash with Pakatan Harapan’s (PH) election manifesto.


For educators and teachers especially in the Ministry of Education, that must came as ‘a quake on a Richter scale’ as everyone knows what the wise PM would do should he be the Education Minister.


Among others that he did mentioned was devising the outdated ways of teaching.  One would wonder if he is referring to officers of the ministry or the people in schools for the ‘uneducated’.


As far as everyone knows, almost all officers in the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Learning and in educational institutions are degree and higher degree holder which makes them ‘educated’.


I would say that ‘educated person’  is one who has learned how to get what he wants without violating the right of others through the correct alternative ways of thinking that is education.


Whereas, ‘uneducated person’ is one who has lack knowledge, technical training, can read but unwilling or unable to receive information from a literary source.


The difference between an educated and uneducated person is their behaviour, cognitive process and mentality.


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Sumbang saran atau brainstorming

Di kebanyakan kelas atau kuliah yang diadakan, pendidik dan guru boleh memulakan sesi sumbang saran dengan menimbulkan persoalan atau masalah, atau dengan memperkenalkan isu  topik untuk perbincangan.

Pelajar kemudian menyatakan jawapan yang mungkin, pernyataan dan idea pemikiran yang berkaitan.

Sumbangan pemikiran diterima tanpa kritikan atau penghakiman dan biasanya diringkaskan di papan tulis oleh pendidik guru seperti yang dibincangkan bersama.

Idea ini kemudiannya dibentang dan dikongsikan, biasanya dalam format perbincangan kelas terbuka.

Begitu juga dalam sesi perbengkelan , latihan dalaman, dan dalam sesi kebiasaan kategori profesional yang lain terutama peserta yang kreatif dijangka bertungkus lumus dengan aktiviti sumbang saran yang dijalankan.

Bayangkan di dalam bilik aktiviti, tempat sesi berlangsung dipenuhi dengan orang-orang yang tidak selesa dan nota Post-it dalam pelbagai warna, semuanya bertujuan untuk mengambil bahagian menjadi ahli jawatankuasa pemikiran pantas, berpakaian hebat dengan baik dalam mod ideasi.

Namun kini terdapat satu berita baik yang berdasarkan kaji selidik 20,000 profesional kreatif (termasuk penulis, pemuzik, jurugambar, dan podcast) dari 197 buah negara mencadangkan bahawa ‘sumbangsaran’ (brainstorming) sebahagian besarnya tidak membantu dalam menyelesaikan cabaran kreatif.

Kajian oleh We Transfer (sebuah syarikat perkongsian fail Belanda) mendapati ‘sesi sumbang saran’ memberi kesan yang  bahaya.

Di dunia yang penuh kreatif ini,  kita mendengar banyak perkara tentang kolaborasi, tetapi sungguhpun bekerja bersama adalah penting untuk membawa idea untuk hidup, namun ianya tidak baik untuk membentuk idea yang asal.
Terdapat keperluan persediaan individu dan introspeksi untuk menjadi kreatif.

Individu akan berfikir dengan betul, kualiti idea mungkin akan bertambah baik jika diberi masa dan ruang.

Ketika  gerak hati atau intuisi untuk menjadualkan mesyuarat, nampaknya kita selalu memberi peluang kepada ahli untuk mempersiapkan dan membentuk pemikiran mereka.

Sumbang saran atau Brainstorming dipelopori  oleh Alex Osborn, di mana dia berulang kali memuji kebaikan bersendirian, masa yang dihabiskan jauh dari gangguan orang lain, sebagai sebahagian daripada proses kreatifnya sendiri.

Beliau menyarankan kita untuk menyuarakan pandangan di papan putih sebanyak mungkin dengan penuh keyakinan terutama dalam imaginasi individu.

Namun hakikatnya,  perjumpaan atau persidangan berkelompok adalah pembunuh kreativiti utama.

Lebih daripada 40% responden kini beranggapan bahawa  "kerja" termasuk tugas pentadbiran yang diperlukan oleh pekerja di syarikat besar sebagai penghalang kepada pemikiran yang baik.

Satu  angka yang membimbangkan yang menunjukkan  hampir 90% responden yang bekerja dalam bidang kreatif , meningkat dan jatuh apabila diminta memberi kuasa idea yang baik," kata laporan itu.

Nampaknya kita perlu memikirkan semula cara kita bekerja dan bermain terutamanya bagaimana kita menghabiskan masa di pejabat.

Pemikiran bebas juga penting ketika membuat keputusan.

Hampir  80% profesional kreatif dalam kaji selidik mengatakan mereka mempercayai naluri dan penyelidikan mereka sendiri ketika menilai idea.

Hanya 18% akan menggunakan idea rakan sekerja.

Dalam kajian rambang kreativiti ke seluruh dunia, We Tansfeer mendedahkan beberapa dapatan penyebab geografi yang menarik.

Sebagai contoh, apabila berlakunya menjadi gangguan terbesar untuk memikirkan idea-idea, Perancis lebih cenderung untuk menyalahkan kehidupan sosial mereka daripada pekerjaan mereka, rakan kongsi mereka, atau media sosial.

Sementara itu, orang Cina lebih mudah menunding  jari mereka pada pasangan mereka.

Bagaimanapun, bukti yang semakin meningkat menunjukkan bahawa sumbangsaran (brainstorming) mungkin tidak akan menghasilkan idea terbaik, tetapi tidak sama sekali tidak berguna.

Kajian Northern Illinois University yang diterbitkan dalam Journal Communication Reports menggariskan nilainya sebagai aktiviti pembinaan pasukan dan bukannya satu mesyuarat taktikal.

Jika tidak ada yang lain, mengamalkan atau menggunakan  peraturan tersendiri tentang idea-idea, keterbukaan, pembentukan idea-idea yang lain menggalakkan perpaduan dan kepercayaan pasukan. 545

Brainstorming no more

In most classes held, educators and teachers may begin a brainstorming session by posing a question or a problem, or by introducing a topic.

Students then express possible answers, relevant words and ideas.

Contributions are accepted without criticism or judgment and usually summarized on a whiteboard by the teacher or a scribe as the ideas are called out.

These ideas are then examined, usually in an open class discussion format.

That goes with workshops, in-house trainings, perhaps more than any other category of professionals; the said creative participants are expected to thrive in brainstorms.

Imagine the rooms, the places of work are crammed with restless people and Post-it notes in an array of colors, all intended to take in some of the power of a crew of fast-thinking, well-dressed hipsters deep in ideation mode.

But then the good news report which is based on a survey of 20,000 creative’s professionals (including writers, musicians, photographers, and podcasters) from 197 countries suggests that that brainstorming is largely unhelpful for solving a creative challenge.
The survey, commissioned by the Dutch file-sharing company We Transfer, attests to the perils of this form of groupthink.

“In the creative world we hear an awful lot about collaboration, but it seems that while working together is essential to bring an idea to life, it’s not that good for shaping ideas in the first place”.

There’s a need for individual preparation and introspection to be creative on their own.

Individuals will think properly, quality of ideas will probably improve if given the time and space.

In the intuition to schedule meetings, it appears that we always tend to give members the chance to prepare and form their thoughts.
Brainstorming was championed by Alex Osborn, where he repeatedly praise enthusiastically the virtues of solitude, of time spent far from the distractions of others, as part of his own creative process,”

“The man who gave us today’s whiteboard-centric chaotic brainstorming ritual placed as much, if not more, faith in the individual imagination.”

In actual, dutiful meetings is a primary creativity killer.

More than 40% of respondents now consider “work” including the administrative tasks required of employees in big corporations as a barrier to good thinking.

“That’s a worrying number given almost 90% of our respondents work in creative fields which rise and fall on the power of good ideas,” the report states.

“It seems we need to rethink the way we work and play particularly how we spend time in the office.

Independent thinking is also crucial when making decisions.

Sure enough, nearly 80% of creative professionals in a survey say they trust their own instincts and research when evaluating an idea.
Only 18% will run an idea past colleagues and friends.

In polling creative’s around the world, We Transfer surfaced some fascinating geographic outliers.

For instance, when it comes to the biggest distractions to thinking about ideas, the French are more likely to blame their social life than their jobs, their partners, or social media.

The Chinese, meanwhile, are more prone to point the finger at their partners.

Though the growing body of evidence suggests brainstorming may not result in the best ideas, it isn’t entirely useless.

A Northern Illinois University study published in the Journal Communication Reports underscores its value as a team-building activity rather than a tactical meeting.

If nothing else, practicing tacit rules of brainstorming—positivity, openness, building on other’s ideas promotes team cohesion and trust.