September 10th, 2021

Merancang semula persekitaran pembelajaran dalam talian

Pandemik telah mengajar kita betapa pentingnya persekitaran pembelajaran digital yang dirancang dengan baik untuk mengekalkan perhatian pelajar.

Pelajar tidak akan bersusah payah belajar sendiri secara aktif sekiranya mereka sudah kehilangan minat dari awal.

Ini memerlukan tempoh pengajaran yang lebih pendek, digabungkan dengan tempoh pembelajaran praktikal dan aktiviti maklum balas yang lebih pendek.



Pandemik telah mengajar kita betapa pentingnya persekitaran pembelajaran digital yang dirancang dengan baik untuk mengekalkan perhatian pelajar.

Bagi sebilangan guru, ini mungkin bermaksud mencorak semula pengajaran dan pembelajaran  yang biasanya berlangsung selama berjam-jam hingga sesingkat 30 minit pelajaran dan aktiviti sepanjang seminggu pembelajaran.

Dengan cara ini, pelajar dapat melibatkan diri dengan sumber pembelajaran digital untuk belajar mengenai DNA, misalnya, dengan kadar mereka sendiri sepanjang minggu itu.

Amalan seperti ini telah lama digunakan di sekolah Te Kura di New Zealand, dan merupakan asas persekitaran pembelajaran dalam talian yang dirancang dengan baik.

Te Kura ditubuhkan pada tahun 1922. Pada zaman pra-digital ini, sumber pengajaran dan tugasan dihantar ke dan dikembalikan oleh pelajar melalui persuratan atau mailing untuk penilaian dan maklum balas.

Ini bermaksud, sebelum wabak pandemik melanda, Te Kura telah menggunakan model pengajaran yang bervariasi dari sesi atas talian sepenuhnya hingga sesi bersemuka apabila diperlukan atau mungkin.

Sumber dan platform pembelajaran telah dicuba dan diuji dan guru sudah tahu bagaimana menguruskan tugas yang sukar untuk melibatkan pelajar ketika COVID melanda dan, dengan pantas, mereka bergerak sepenuhnya dalam talian.

Menghubungkait (Connectivism)  petunjuk sedia ada di hadapan kita

Bagi tujuan melangkah ke hadapan, memberi maksud membantu pelajar menjadi “terhubung secara digital” antara satu sama lain dan dunia di sekitar mereka akan menjadi sangat penting kerana mereka mengambil alih pembelajaran mereka sendiri.

Ahli psikologi pendidikan George Siemens menerangkan dengan baik melalui teori Connectivism . Ini adalah konsep pembelajaran yang melibatkan banyak rangkaian sumber digital yang saling bertindih untuk pembelajaran dan pentaksiran.

Ini pada dasarnya adalah cara yang menarik untuk mengatakan bahawa, dalam dunia dalam talian yang semakin meningkat, kita belajar dengan lebih baik melalui tindakan membaca dan menghadam maklumat secara spontan dan menyeronokkan.

Kita boleh melihat artikel berita, menonton Ceramah TED pada waktu lapang, membaca e-buku mengenai pelbagai topik, atau bahkan bertemu dengan rakan sekerja atau rakan pelajar melalui Zoom atau Google Meet serta sumber kepakaran yang telah dikumpulkan oleh orang lain dari beberapa tahun lepas.

Oleh kerana sumber-sumber ini menawarkan peluang untuk belajar dan mengajar "bila-bila saja, di mana saja", ia adalah kaedah pengajaran yang ideal untuk persekitaran pembelajaran digital mana pun.

Adalah tidak mencukupi untuk mengatakan bahawa gerakan Kebebasan untuk Belajar adalah  hanya untuk memberi ruang kepada pelajar untuk membentuk pendidikan mereka sendiri.

Sekolah dan guru juga mesti merancang persekitaran pembelajaran digital yang sebenarnya agar dapat mengekalkan perhatian, motivasi dan dorongan untuk belajar.

Azizi Ahmad Harah Fikri Memo Pembaca 10 September 2021

Grades in high school to be a teacher?

The subject above is related to an article entitled 70% of teachers have no more than 3A in SPM (FMT, 09/09/2021)

I am called upon to give a little insight based on my experience as an academic staff who has trained prospective teachers at Educational Institutions.

I would like to share you that the statement from one of the Teach for Malaysia officers is not true at all.

In practice, the recruitment of trainees to government-dependent teacher training IPTs must have a grade of more than 3 A in SPM but for private IPT recruitment, the minimum qualification may be at least 3A.

According to the Malaysia Education Development Plan 2013-2025, candidates selected for teacher training institutes are evaluated based on various factors including attitude, teaching ability and character.

Does it require a high grade?

Grades reflect how much material you have learned (received, processed and retained in a credible memory mindset).

It is difficult to obtain a good value grade without understanding the material.

Most of the teachers (before graduating and qualified as teachers) felt capable and in a good position when they were in school.

Of course, not everyone gets the highest marks of all time, daily performance is usually between 70% and 90%.

Many never evaluate themselves during schooling and their presence to school is because school days are something exciting.

Many enjoy studying and want to go to university. We are in school not to get or chasing grades.

For most individuals, they have a relatively modest grade point average during undergraduate studies.

Many enjoy and feel happy when they have the opportunity to continue their studies at institutions of higher learning (according to the field of major) and try their best.

Either the Cumulative Grade Point Average in high school, for a bachelor’s or even a master’s grade is not a barrier to getting the next degree, but the situation may be different for individuals.

Grades Exam scores are enough to get into university, making many not have to worry about a low CGPA in the event.

You need a moderate or higher average value to show that you have self -discipline and are able to make yourself work.

A low-Grade point leaves the impression that you will not be able to, not reaching the level or you did not try.

But again, in knowing the requirements for admission to IPT/university and successfully reaching the desired level, there is no point here or in all directions if only one or two things are important.

What I mean is that if you know what you have to focus on, you don’t have to work too hard to be the best at all things - it’s not necessarily worth it.

Wherever, of course, you need good grade points in school to get into a good college including into an undergraduate program of education.

If you want to go to master’s level then you definitely need better grade points.

But, it’s not just grades, to be a good teacher, you need an interest in your subject and a deep interest in it.

Being a good teacher is hard work and you will make a lot of impact on your life, so don’t take it too lightly and easy.

Those who are successful and doing great, praise the growth and development of their subject matter to a teacher who inspires them.

So focus and try your best if you want to make a difference

Not necessarily?

Having a good grade in a subject does not mean that you can and are able to help explain the subject in a meaningful way to others.

For example, university/college professors. While they may have a Ph.D. in their field and have spent years researching, studying or doing the most complex research on a subject they are very passionate about, and are widely regarded as leaders in their field ... but not everyone is capable of teaching a group of adults anything helpful about their subject. Therefore, students should learn all the things themselves.

Good teaching is not about how having good grades in school.

It is about how well you understand the subject and are able to present it in a way that can be internalized by the student.

The best teacher I have ever had is not an academic teacher. They are professional educators.

Their job is to make sure their knowledge can be disseminated, so that they have an interest in breaking something down into several meanings and intelligible ones that can then be put together to build a whole understanding.